Depression

Publication Title: 
Psychosomatics

OBJECTIVE: Of the 34 million adult Americans (17%) using mind-body medicine therapies, 8 million (24%) have anxiety/depression. The evidence for using mind-body therapies to address varying depressive symptoms in populations with and without other chronic comorbidities is reviewed. METHODS: Systematic literature searches of PubMed (Medline), Embase, CINAHL, and the seven databases encompassed by Current Contents, Web of Science, and Web of Knowledge were conducted.

Author(s): 
D'Silva, Sahana
Poscablo, Cristina
Habousha, Racheline
Kogan, Mikhail
Kligler, Benjamin
Publication Title: 
Nutritional Neuroscience

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a common, chronic condition that imposes a substantial burden of disability globally. As current treatments are estimated to address only one-third of the disease burden of depressive disorders, there is a need for new approaches to prevent depression or to delay its progression. While in its early stages, converging evidence from laboratory, population research, and clinical trials now suggests that dietary patterns and specific dietary factors may influence the risk for depression.

Author(s): 
Opie, R. S.
Itsiopoulos, C.
Parletta, N.
Sanchez-Villegas, A.
Akbaraly, T. N.
Ruusunen, A.
Jacka, F. N.
Publication Title: 
Heart & Lung: The Journal of Critical Care

OBJECTIVE: We sought to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the effects of interventions on depression in adults with heart failure (HF). METHODS: Published, peer-reviewed, English-language, prospective interventional studies were identified in a search of Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and the Cochrane Libraries of Systematic Reviews and Clinical Trials from 1996 through August 2011 and relevant bibliographies.

Author(s): 
Woltz, Patricia C.
Chapa, Deborah W.
Friedmann, Erika
Son, Heesook
Akintade, Bimbola
Thomas, Sue Ann
Publication Title: 
BMC neurology

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based interventions (MBIs) are increasingly used to help patients cope with physical and mental long-term conditions (LTCs). Epilepsy is associated with a range of mental and physical comorbidities that have a detrimental effect on quality of life (QOL), but it is not clear whether MBIs can help. We systematically reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness of MBIs in people with epilepsy. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, CINAHL, Allied and Complimentary Medicine Database, and PsychInfo were searched in March 2016.

Author(s): 
Wood, Karen
Lawrence, Maggie
Jani, Bhautesh
Simpson, Robert
Mercer, Stewart W.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Because evidence-based psychotherapies of 12 to 20 sessions can be perceived as too lengthy and time intensive for the treatment of depression in primary care, a number of studies have examined abbreviated psychotherapy protocols. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of brief psychotherapy (i.e., < or =8 sessions) for depression.

Author(s): 
Nieuwsma, Jason A.
Trivedi, Ranak B.
McDuffie, Jennifer
Kronish, Ian
Benjamin, Dinesh
Williams, John W.
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified. The average weight loss was 4.2?kg.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Jeffrey M.
Ferrari, Madeleine
Mosely, Kylie
Lang, Cathryne P.
Brennan, Leah
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Family Practice

Yes. Exercise reduces patient-perceived symptoms of depression when used as monotherapy (strength of recommendation [SOR]: B, meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [RCTs] with significant heterogeneity). It relieves symptoms as effectively as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or pharmacologic anti-depressant therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis) and more effectively than bright light therapy (SOR: B, meta-analysis). Resistance exercise and mixed exercise (resistance and aerobic) work better than aerobic exercise alone (SOR: B, meta-analysis).

Author(s): 
Gill, Alan
Womack, Rosalind
Safranek, Sarah
Publication Title: 
BMC neurology

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is increasingly being used to improve outcomes such as stress and depression in a range of long-term conditions (LTCs). While systematic reviews on MBSR have taken place for a number of conditions there remains limited information on its impact on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: Medline, Central, Embase, Amed, CINAHAL were searched in March 2016. These databases were searched using a combination of MeSH subject headings where available and keywords in the title and abstracts.

Author(s): 
McLean, G.
Lawrence, M.
Simpson, R.
Mercer, S. W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Practice

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article is to review the evidence for the efficacy of hatha yoga for depression and possible mechanisms by which yoga may have an impact on depression, and to outline directions for future research. METHODS: Literature review and synthesis. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A literature search for clinical trials examining yoga for depression uncovered eight trials: 5 including individuals with clinical depression, and 3 for individuals with elevated depression symptoms.

Author(s): 
Uebelacker, Lisa A.
Epstein-Lubow, Gary
Gaudiano, Brandon A.
Tremont, Geoffrey
Battle, Cynthia L.
Miller, Ivan W.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Medicine

Mindfulness practice, where an individual maintains openness, patience, and acceptance while focusing attention on a situation in a nonjudgmental way, can improve symptoms of anxiety, burnout, and depression. The practice is relevant for health care providers; however, the time commitment is a barrier to practice. For this reason, brief mindfulness interventions (eg, ? 4 hours) are being introduced. We systematically reviewed the literature from inception to January 2017 about the effects of brief mindfulness interventions on provider well-being and behavior.

Author(s): 
Gilmartin, Heather
Goyal, Anupama
Hamati, Mary C.
Mann, Jason
Saint, Sanjay
Chopra, Vineet

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