Depression

Publication Title: 
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives

BACKGROUND: National statistics related specifically to the mental health of women in the perinatal period is poorly acknowledged in Australia. Maternal deaths related to mental health in the perinatal period can be attributed to a lack of appropriate treatment and/or support. A barrier to women's help-seeking behaviors is the lack of discrete, perinatal specific interventions where women can self-assess and access support. AIM: This review examines original research evaluating perinatal mental health interventions used by women to improve mental health.

Author(s): 
Lavender, Theressa J.
Ebert, Lyn
Jones, Donovan
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Nursing Studies

OBJECTIVES: Depression, a common mental health problem, is projected to be the second leading cause of disability for adults by year 2020. Mindfulness-based interventions (MFIs) have been integrated into therapeutic work on depression, but limited systematic reviews reported their efficacy on heterogeneous groups of mental disorders. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the efficacy of the MFIs on depressive symptoms in people with various mental disorders. DESIGN: A meta-analysis of experimental and quasi-experimental studies was undertaken.

Author(s): 
Klainin-Yobas, Piyanee
Cho, Ma Aye Aye
Creedy, Debra
Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

OBJECTIVE: Kindness-based meditation (KBM) is a rubric covering meditation techniques developed to elicit kindness in a conscious way. Some techniques, for example, loving-kindness meditation and compassion meditation, have been included in programs aimed at improving health and well-being. Our aim was to systematically review and meta-analyze the evidence available from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the effects of KBM on health and well-being against passive and active control groups in patients and the general population. METHOD: Searches were completed in March 2013.

Author(s): 
Galante, Julieta
Galante, Ignacio
Bekkers, Marie-Jet
Gallacher, John
Publication Title: 
Journal of research in nursing: JRN

OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) is a programme developed to prevent depression relapse, but has been applied for other disorders. Our objective was to systematically review and meta-analyse the evidence on the effectiveness and safety of MBCT for the treatment of mental disorders.

Author(s): 
Galante, Julieta
Iribarren, Sarah J.
Pearce, Patricia F.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association

The rapidly growing body of research regarding the use of meditation interventions in chronic disease presents an opportunity to compare outcomes based on intervention content. For this review, meditation interventions were described as those interventions delivered to persons with chronic disease where sitting meditation was the main or only content of the intervention with or without the addition of mindful movement.

Author(s): 
Chan, Roxane Raffin
Larson, Janet L.
Publication Title: 
North American Journal of Medical Sciences

BACKGROUND: Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) therapy is a meditation therapy, though originally designed for stress management, it is being used for treating a variety of illnesses such as depression, anxiety, chronic pain, cancer, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, skin and immune disorders. AIM: The aim of this systematic review is to determine the efficacy of MBSR in the treatment of chronic illnesses; it's mechanism of action and adverse effects.

Author(s): 
Niazi, Asfandyar Khan
Niazi, Shaharyar Khan
Publication Title: 
Clinical Psychology Review

OBJECTIVE: To identify studies of non-pharmacological interventions provided following recovery from depression, and to evaluate their efficacy in preventing further episodes. METHOD: We identified relevant randomised controlled trials from searching MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CENTRAL, and ProQuest, searching reference and citation lists, and contacting study authors. We conducted a meta-analysis of relapse outcomes. RESULTS: There were 29 eligible trials. 27 two-way comparisons including 2742 participants were included in the primary analysis.

Author(s): 
Clarke, Katherine
Mayo-Wilson, Evan
Kenny, Jocelyne
Pilling, Stephen
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Clinical Psychology

PURPOSE: Mindfulness- and acceptance-based interventions (MABIs) are receiving increasing attention in the treatment of mental disorders. These interventions might be beneficial for patients with anxiety disorders, but no prior reviews have comprehensively investigated the effects of this family of interventions on clinical samples. The aim of this study was to review and synthesize extant research on MABIs for patients with diagnoses of anxiety disorders. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of relevant databases according to pre-defined criteria.

Author(s): 
Vøllestad, Jon
Nielsen, Morten Birkeland
Nielsen, Geir Høstmark
Publication Title: 
Psychology & Health

OBJECTIVE: Low well-being during pregnancy can have significant adverse outcomes for mother and child. The effects of mindfulness interventions on prenatal maternal well-being are increasingly examined but outcomes have yet to be systematically evaluated. The aims of the current paper are to systematically evaluate intervention effects and current research approaches with pregnant groups. DESIGN: A systematic review of eight studies examining mindfulness intervention effects on prenatal well-being.

Author(s): 
Matvienko-Sikar, Karen
Lee, Laura
Murphy, Gillian
Murphy, Lisa
Publication Title: 
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives

BACKGROUND: Perinatal stress is associated with adverse maternal and infant outcomes. Mindfulness training may offer a safe and acceptable strategy to support perinatal mental health. AIM: To critically appraise and synthesise the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of mindfulness training during pregnancy to support perinatal mental health. METHODS: The search for relevant studies was conducted in six electronic databases and in the grey literature. Eligible studies were assessed for methodological quality according to standardised critical appraisal instruments.

Author(s): 
Hall, Helen G.
Beattie, Jill
Lau, Rosalind
East, Christine
Anne Biro, Mary

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