Transplantation of pancreatic islets, as a therapeutic modality for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), at this stage of its development, is reserved for patients with severe glycemic variability, progressive diabetic complications, and life threatening hypoglycemia unawareness, regardless of intensive insulin management.
Many epidemiological studies have now shown a strongly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome in adults who as neonates showed signs of poor early (fetal and early postnatal) growth. The thrifty phenotype hypothesis was proposed to provide a conceptual and experimentally testable basis of these relationships. We have used protein restriction of rat dams, as a means to test this hypothesis. In vivo and in vitro studies of the growth-restricted offspring of such pregnancies have provided findings showing remarkable parallels with the human conditions.
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is commonly regarded as a risk factor for mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass surgery. METHODS: Between April 1997 and December 2002, 6,033 consecutive patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass surgery. Eight hundred and fourteen (13.5%) patients had diabetes (530 oral-dependent, 284 insulin-dependent). Patients with diet-controlled diabetes were classified as nondiabetics. Deaths occurring over time were described using Kaplan-Meier techniques.
In recent years there has been rapid growth in diabetes in Japan which now is one of the nations most affected by the worldwide diabetes epidemic. Diabetes has been identified as a healthcare priority by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). Type 1 diabetes is rare in Japan, and type 2 diabetes predominates in both adults and children. The growth in diabetes is due to increases in the number of people with type 2 diabetes associated with increased longevity and lifestyle changes.
The aim of this literature review was to identify breastfeeding practices that support women with diabetes to breastfeed. A search was undertaken of CINAHL and Medline databases to identify studies that inform breastfeeding practice for women with diabetes. This resulted in 14 studies (19 records). Most studies focused on women with GDM and T1D with some consideration of T2D. The review has been organised using Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs, to enable a clear focus on the needs of women while identifying supportive practices.
Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British Diabetic Association
BACKGROUND: Higher self-compassion is associated with mental and physical health benefits in both healthy and chronically ill populations. The current study investigated the role of self-compassion in predicting depression, diabetes-specific distress and HbA1c in patients with diabetes. AIMS: To assess the specific operationalization of negative emotionality that best predicted HbA1c and to test whether self-compassion would buffer HbA1c in patients with diabetes against the negative effects of distress.
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to pilot-test a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence to diabetes management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: A total of 39 adolescents (ages, 13-17 years) with type 1 diabetes and their caregivers were randomized to a positive psychology intervention (n = 20) or an attention control (education) intervention (n = 19). The intervention condition used positive psychology exercises (eg, gratitude, self-affirmation), small gifts, and parent affirmations to boost positive affect.
AIMS: We explored people's reasons for, and experiences of, using bolus advisors to determine insulin doses; and, their likes/dislikes of this technology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 42 people with type 1 diabetes who had received instruction in use of bolus advisors during a structured education course were interviewed post-course and 6 months later. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Participants who considered themselves to have poor mathematical skills highlighted a gratitude for, and heavy reliance on, advisors.