Diagnosis, Differential

Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain for patients who have not experienced relief from self-care therapies.

Author(s): 
Buescher, Jennifer J.
Publication Title: 
Chest

BACKGROUND: Several pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapeutic options have been used to treat cough that is not associated with a pulmonary or extrapulmonary etiology. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review to summarize the evidence supporting different cough management options in adults and children with psychogenic, tic, and habit cough. Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus were searched from the earliest inception of each database to September 2013.

Author(s): 
Haydour, Qusay
Alahdab, Fares
Farah, Magdoleen
Barrionuevo, Patricia
Vertigan, Anne E.
Newcombe, Peter A.
Pringsheim, Tamara
Chang, Anne B.
Rubin, Bruce K.
McGarvey, Lorcan
Weir, Kelly A.
Altman, Kenneth W.
Feinstein, Anthony
Murad, Mohammad Hassan
Irwin, Richard S.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVES: This survey was undertaken to learn how Traditional Chinese Medicine acupuncturists' diagnose and treat patients with chronic low back pain in order to develop a standardized treatment for a clinical trial of that condition. DESIGN: We surveyed a randomly selected group of 56 acupuncturists in Washington State, USA about styles of acupuncture they used for treating chronic low back pain, diagnoses made, and key features of treatment for this condition.

Author(s): 
Sherman, K. J.
Hogeboom, C. J.
Cherkin, D. C.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of International Medical Research

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a complete system of healing that developed in China about 3000 years ago, and includes herbal medicine, acupuncture, moxibustion and massage, etc. In recent decades the use of TCM has become more popular in China and throughout the world. Traditional Japanese medicine has been used for 1500 years and includes Kampo-yaku (herbal medicine), acupuncture and acupressure. Kampo is now widely practised in Japan and is fully integrated into the modern health-care system. Kampo is based on TCM but has been adapted to Japanese culture.

Author(s): 
Yu, F.
Takahashi, T.
Moriya, J.
Kawaura, K.
Yamakawa, J.
Kusaka, K.
Itoh, T.
Morimoto, S.
Yamaguchi, N.
Kanda, T.
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society

In recent reviews regarding the efficacy of acupuncture in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) it has been concluded that acupuncture has no specific effect since the control procedure (superficial needling and/or needling away from 'specific' points) had similar effects. These conclusions may be questioned since superficial needling and/or needling away from specific trigger points is not inert. Also, manual acupuncture or mild electroacupuncture (EA) may not be sufficient to activate the endogenous pain inhibiting system.

Author(s): 
Lundeberg, Thomas
Lund, Iréne
Publication Title: 
American Family Physician

Temporomandibular joint disorders are common in adults; as many as one third of adults report having one or more symptoms, which include jaw or neck pain, headache, and clicking or grating within the joint. Most symptoms improve without treatment, but various noninvasive therapies may reduce pain for patients who have not experienced relief from self-care therapies.

Author(s): 
Buescher, Jennifer J.
Publication Title: 
Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of current interventions for shoulder complaints in adults. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. METHOD: Medline and the Cochrane Library were searched for systematic reviews and randomised studies on the efficacy of interventions for shoulder complaints in adults. Studies of patients with an identifiable cause of shoulder symptoms or an underlying disease were excluded. Studies evaluating pain, function and duration of symptoms were included.

Author(s): 
Schellingerhout, J. M.
Thomas, S.
Verhagen, A. P.
Publication Title: 
Aktuelle Urologie

The so-called interstitial cystitis is a chronic pain syndrome rather than a purely end organ disease of the urinary bladder. New suggestions for definition and nomenclature take this into consideration. Since aetiology and pathogenesis are still unknown a causal treatment is still not at hand. There are neither evidence-based treatment algorithms nor a so-called standard therapy. Numerous therapeutic approaches have been tried up to now. These attempts can be divided into oral, intravesical, surgical and physical procedures.

Author(s): 
Binder, I.
van Ophoven, A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a chronic gastrointestinal disorder, affects from 3-20% of the US population, depending on sociocultural and comorbid factors. IBS is characterized by a symptom complex of abdominal pain and abnormal bowel habits that present as diarrhea or constipation, and general physical weakness in the absence of abnormal morphological, histological or inflammatory markers. The main diagnostic Rome III criteria as established by international professional organizations are based on exclusion criteria and the occurrence and rate of symptoms.

Author(s): 
Grundmann, Oliver
Yoon, Saunjoo L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

INTRODUCTION: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a modern interpretation of Chinese medicine, developed in the 1950s. It differentiates biomedical diseases into patterns. Each pattern comprises symptom/signs that have their own unique treatment protocol. Most TCM research has used fixed formula treatments for Western-defined diseases with outcomes often measured using objective biomedical markers. More recently, a number of trials have attempted to accommodate TCM clinical practice within the framework of rigorous evidence-based medical research.

Author(s): 
Berle, Christine A.
Cobbin, Deirdre
Smith, Narelle
Zaslawski, Christopher

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