Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)

Publication Title: 
CNS spectrums

This article reviews the theory, clinical application, and empirical findings on mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for mental health and addictive disorders. Expanding upon the research demonstrating the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for addiction, this article develops and explores the rationale for combining mindfulness-based interventions with evidence-based CBTs in treating addictive disorders, with an emphasis on substance use disorders with co-occurring mood disorders.

Author(s): 
Hoppes, Kimberly
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder has a high co-occurrence with substance use disorders, but the pathophysiological mechanisms have not been adequately explored. AIMS: To review the role of stress in the onset and recurrence of affective episodes and substance misuse. METHOD: We review the mechanisms involved in sensitisation (increased responsivity) to recurrence of stressors, mood episodes and cocaine use.

Author(s): 
Post, Robert M.
Kalivas, Peter
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychiatry
Author(s): 
Fricks, Larry
Publication Title: 
Mental Health Today (Brighton, England)
Author(s): 
O'Neill, Tara
Lynch, Claire
Brewin, Liz
Publication Title: 
African Journal of Psychiatry
Author(s): 
Beaumont, Charl
Friedlander, Wendy
Ndetei, David
Publication Title: 
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Dually diagnosed patients with chemical dependency and a comorbid psychiatric disorder typically show poor compliance with aftercare treatment, which may result in costly and pervasive individual and societal problems. In this study, the authors investigated the effect of adding motivational interviewing in a group format to standard treatment for dually diagnosed psychiatric inpatients. The patients (n = 101) all received standard care and in addition were assigned to either group motivational interviewing (GMI) or a therapist attention activity control group (TAAC).

Author(s): 
Santa Ana, Elizabeth J.
Wulfert, Edelgard
Nietert, Paul J.
Publication Title: 
American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research (Online)

Consistent with results of previous needs assessments for urban American Indian and Alaska Native populations, a needs assessment in the Portland,Oregon metropolitan area for the Native American Rehabilitation Association Northwest revealed high levels of co-occurring conditions for American Indian and Alaska Native clients, often combining chronic health problems, substance abuse histories, and mental health diagnoses. Focus group results suggest the need for crisis care as well as specific needs of children and families, veterans, elders, and adults.

Author(s): 
Crofoot, Thomas L.
Harris, Naomi
Plumb, Mary Anne
Smith, Keri Slingerland
Gault, Jaime
Brooks, Gloria
Hungry, Lisa
Geary, Artice
Holland, Irene
Publication Title: 
The American Journal on Addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions

A large proportion of patients treated for substance dependencies have attempted suicide. Scarce empirical evidence exists regarding their prognosis. Data from the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Survey were analyzed to determine the course of depression and substance dependence of 416 suicide attempters one year after discharge. The likelihood of recovery from drug dependence did not differ between patients who did or did not attempt suicide.

Author(s): 
Agosti, Vito
Levin, Frances R.
Publication Title: 
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal

Co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders (COD) are common and frequently under-detected, which may lead to less than optimal treatment for persons in psychosocial rehabilitation settings. A new, relatively brief instrument, the Comprehensive Addictions and Psychological Evaluation (CAAPE) was compared with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). The CAAPE required less time to administer than the SCID, efficiently explored DSM substance use disorder criteria and served as a screen for psychiatric disorders.

Author(s): 
Gallagher, Sandra M.
Penn, Patricia E.
Brooks, Audrey J.
Feldman, Julie
Publication Title: 
Child Welfare

This article reports findings of an exploratory study of 71 parents with substance abuse conditions involved in a child dependency court. Over half (59%) of the parents had a co-occurring mental health condition. Parents with co-occurring conditions (PWCC) differed in several important ways from those with only substance abuse conditions. PWCC were also more likely than their case managers were to report a need for mental health treatment. Implications for child welfare practice and research are offered.

Author(s): 
Stromwall, Layne K.
Larson, Nancy C.
Nieri, Tanya
Holley, Lynn C.
Topping, Diane
Castillo, Jason
Ashford, José B.

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