Diagnostic Imaging

Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

RECOMMENDATION 1: Clinicians should conduct a focused history and physical examination to help place patients with low back pain into 1 of 3 broad categories: nonspecific low back pain, back pain potentially associated with radiculopathy or spinal stenosis, or back pain potentially associated with another specific spinal cause. The history should include assessment of psychosocial risk factors, which predict risk for chronic disabling back pain (strong recommendation, moderate-quality evidence).

Author(s): 
Chou, Roger
Qaseem, Amir
Snow, Vincenza
Casey, Donald
Cross, J. Thomas
Shekelle, Paul
Owens, Douglas K.
Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians
American College of Physicians
American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel
Publication Title: 
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz

One of the problems in assessing acupuncture efficacy has been the lack of a standardised placebo/control. Despite the lack of 'proof', acupuncture is widely used; hence it would seem that a large proportion of the public are not too concerned with the question of efficacy. Patients and researchers approach the issue of whether acupuncture "works" in an entirely different way. It may be that the management of chronic pain as a whole is largely context driven and non-specific.

Author(s): 
White, P.
Lewith, G.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

RECOMMENDATION 1: Clinicians should conduct a focused history and physical examination to help place patients with low back pain into 1 of 3 broad categories: nonspecific low back pain, back pain potentially associated with radiculopathy or spinal stenosis, or back pain potentially associated with another specific spinal cause. The history should include assessment of psychosocial risk factors, which predict risk for chronic disabling back pain (strong recommendation, moderate-quality evidence).

Author(s): 
Chou, Roger
Qaseem, Amir
Snow, Vincenza
Casey, Donald
Cross, J. Thomas
Shekelle, Paul
Owens, Douglas K.
Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians
American College of Physicians
American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Best evidence synthesis. OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence-based guidance to primary care clinicians about how to best assess and treat patients with neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is a need to translate the results of clinical and epidemiologic studies into meaningful and practical information for clinicians.

Author(s): 
Guzman, Jaime
Haldeman, Scott
Carroll, Linda J.
Carragee, Eugene J.
Hurwitz, Eric L.
Peloso, Paul
Nordin, Margareta
Cassidy, J. David
Holm, Lena W.
Côté, Pierre
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah
Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
Publication Title: 
Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz

One of the problems in assessing acupuncture efficacy has been the lack of a standardised placebo/control. Despite the lack of 'proof', acupuncture is widely used; hence it would seem that a large proportion of the public are not too concerned with the question of efficacy. Patients and researchers approach the issue of whether acupuncture "works" in an entirely different way. It may be that the management of chronic pain as a whole is largely context driven and non-specific.

Author(s): 
White, P.
Lewith, G.
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

RECOMMENDATION 1: Clinicians should conduct a focused history and physical examination to help place patients with low back pain into 1 of 3 broad categories: nonspecific low back pain, back pain potentially associated with radiculopathy or spinal stenosis, or back pain potentially associated with another specific spinal cause. The history should include assessment of psychosocial risk factors, which predict risk for chronic disabling back pain (strong recommendation, moderate-quality evidence).

Author(s): 
Chou, Roger
Qaseem, Amir
Snow, Vincenza
Casey, Donald
Cross, J. Thomas
Shekelle, Paul
Owens, Douglas K.
Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians
American College of Physicians
American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel
Publication Title: 
Spine

STUDY DESIGN: Best evidence synthesis. OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence-based guidance to primary care clinicians about how to best assess and treat patients with neck pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is a need to translate the results of clinical and epidemiologic studies into meaningful and practical information for clinicians.

Author(s): 
Guzman, Jaime
Haldeman, Scott
Carroll, Linda J.
Carragee, Eugene J.
Hurwitz, Eric L.
Peloso, Paul
Nordin, Margareta
Cassidy, J. David
Holm, Lena W.
Côté, Pierre
van der Velde, Gabrielle
Hogg-Johnson, Sheilah
Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neurochemistry

The search for effective treatments that prevent oxidative stress associated with premature ageing and neurodegenerative diseases is an important area of neurochemical research. As age- and disease-related oxidative stress is frequently associated with mitochondrial dysfunction, amphiphilic antioxidant agents of high stability and selectivity that target these organelles can provide on-site protection.

Author(s): 
Poeggeler, Burkhard
Durand, GrÈgory
Polidori, Ange
Pappolla, Miguel A.
Vega-Naredo, Ignacio
Coto-Montes, Ana
Bˆker, Jutta
Hardeland, R¸diger
Pucci, Bernard
Publication Title: 
Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience

Biomarkers have been receiving increasing attention, especially in the field of psychiatry In contrast to the availability of potent therapeutic tools including pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and biological therapies, unmet needs remain in terms of onset of action, stability of response, and further improvement of the clinical course. Biomarkers are objectively measured characteristics which serve as indicators of the causes of illnesses, their clinical course, and modification by treatment.

Author(s): 
Wiedemann, K.
Publication Title: 
Der Nervenarzt

A case report of a female schizophrenic patient is presented who showed a coincidence of erotomania and FrÈgoli syndrome with some interesting symptom constellations only rarely mentioned in the literature. Organic and psychodynamic factors were found in the etiopathogenesis of this disorder. A combination of psychotherapy and neuroleptic therapy was partly successful.

Author(s): 
Br¸ggemann, B. R.
Werry, C.
Garlipp, P.
Pfefferer-Wolf, H.
Haltenhof, H.

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