Diagnostic Self Evaluation

Publication Title: 
Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine the association between optimism and psychological distress in women with breast cancer after taking into account their self-rated general health. METHODS: Data were aggregated from the Scottish Health Survey (2008 to 2011) to derive a nationally representative sample of 12,255 women (11,960 cancer-free controls, and 295 breast cancer cases identified from linked cancer registry data). The explanatory variables were optimism and general health, and the outcome variable was symptoms of psychological distress.

Author(s): 
Leung, Janni
Atherton, Iain
Kyle, Richard G.
Hubbard, Gill
McLaughlin, Deirdre
Publication Title: 
Biological Psychology

Previous research has shown that the neuropeptide oxytocin promotes various prosocial sentiments, such as trust, generosity and cooperation. Here we investigate whether it plays a role in evaluating self- vs. other-owned objects. Brain potentials were recorded in participants who judged the ownership of objects that were described in either positive or negative terms. Results showed that self-owned objects framed by positive adjectives elicited more positive-going brain responses than those framed by negative adjectives, irrespective of oxytocin or placebo being administrated.

Author(s): 
Wu, Yin
Van Dijk, Eric
Zhou, Xiaolin
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

In this article we ask whether the level of sickness benefit provision protects the health of employees, particularly those who are most exposed to hazardous working conditions or who have a little education. The study uses the European Working Condition Survey that includes information on 20,626 individuals from 28 countries. Health was measured by self-reported mental wellbeing and self-rated general health. Country-level sickness benefit provision was constructed using spending data from Eurostat.

Author(s): 
van der Wel, Kjetil A.
Bambra, Clare
Dragano, Nico
Eikemo, Terje A.
Lunau, Thorsten
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: In prospective experimental studies in patients with asthma, it is difficult to determine whether responses to placebo differ from the natural course of physiological changes that occur without any intervention. We compared the effects of a bronchodilator, two placebo interventions, and no intervention on outcomes in patients with asthma. METHODS: In a double-blind, crossover pilot study, we randomly assigned 46 patients with asthma to active treatment with an albuterol inhaler, a placebo inhaler, sham acupuncture, or no intervention.

Author(s): 
Wechsler, Michael E.
Kelley, John M.
Boyd, Ingrid O. E.
Dutile, Stefanie
Marigowda, Gautham
Kirsch, Irving
Israel, Elliot
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Ratings of usual pain over a period of 1 week are commonly used to rate a patient's usual level of pain intensity. This study investigated the validity of weekly recall pain ratings and biasing effects of pain levels on these ratings. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients presenting to a chiropractic outpatient clinic with nonspecific neck pain completed a 7-day diary rating their pain 4 times each day on an 11-point numerical rating scale. From these 28 ratings, the patients' "actual average" pain was computed.

Author(s): 
Bolton, Jennifer E.
Humphreys, B. Kim
van Hedel, Hubertus J. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of standard and novel (cervical) nonorganic signs in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder (WAD). METHODS: Chronic WAD I to III patients (>3 months) were recruited from private chiropractic practice in Canada. Subjects completed a Neck Disability Index (NDI), Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), pain visual analog scale, and pain diagram. Clinical and demographic data were also obtained. Nine standard nonorganic pain behavior tests and 4 novel cervical nonorganic simulation signs (C-NOSS) tests were applied.

Author(s): 
Vernon, Howard
Guerriero, Rocco
Soave, David
Kavanaugh, Shawn
Puhl, Aaron
Reinhart, Christine
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Behavioral Medicine

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine stagnation ("yu") syndrome is characterized by a cluster of mind/body obstruction-like symptoms. Previous studies have operationalized the concept as a psychological construct through scale development, producing a three-factor 16-item inventory with good psychometric properties. PURPOSE: The study aimed to further validate the Stagnation Scale by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and examine self-appraisal of stagnation as an illness.

Author(s): 
Ng, Siu-man
Fong, Ted Chun Tat
Wang, Xiao-Lu
Wang, Yi-Jie
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: In prospective experimental studies in patients with asthma, it is difficult to determine whether responses to placebo differ from the natural course of physiological changes that occur without any intervention. We compared the effects of a bronchodilator, two placebo interventions, and no intervention on outcomes in patients with asthma. METHODS: In a double-blind, crossover pilot study, we randomly assigned 46 patients with asthma to active treatment with an albuterol inhaler, a placebo inhaler, sham acupuncture, or no intervention.

Author(s): 
Wechsler, Michael E.
Kelley, John M.
Boyd, Ingrid O. E.
Dutile, Stefanie
Marigowda, Gautham
Kirsch, Irving
Israel, Elliot
Kaptchuk, Ted J.
Publication Title: 
The Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine

OBJECTIVE: Although "qi, blood, and fluid" (QBF) is the most important concept for patients in Kampo medicine, there are few studies about the conditions of the QBF system among healthy populations. We used QBF pattern scores to determine whether or not medical students, presumed to be healthy, had any potentially pathological conditions. METHODS: Six consecutive fourth-year classes totaling 652 medical students evaluated their own QBF conditions using Terasawa's QBF pattern scores.

Author(s): 
Arai, Makoto
Arai, Katsuhiko
Hioki, Chizuko
Takashi, Masanori
Matsumoto, Kaori
Honda, Masamitsu
Izumi, Shun-ichiro
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