Diarrhea

Publication Title: 
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a positive treatment effect of individualized homeopathic treatment for acute childhood diarrhea, but sample sizes were small and results were just at or near the level of statistical significance. Because all three studies followed the same basic study design, the combined data from these three studies were analyzed to obtain greater statistical power. METHODS: Three double blind clinical trials of diarrhea in 242 children ages 6 months to 5 years were analyzed as 1 group.

Author(s): 
Jacobs, Jennifer
Jonas, Wayne B.
Jiménez-Pérez, Margarita
Crothers, Dean
Publication Title: 
Mayo Clinic Proceedings

OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence of any type of therapeutic or preventive intervention testing homeopathy for childhood and adolescence ailments. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted through January 2006 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL, Cochrane Central, British Homeopathic Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, and the UK National Research Register. Bibliographies were checked for further relevant publications. Studies were selected according to predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Altunç, Umut
Pittler, Max H.
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Medicine

BACKGROUND: As 2 major common types of chronic diarrhea, functional diarrhea (FD) and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) affect 1.54% to 1.72% of people in China. Acupuncture is commonly used in clinical practice for patients with chronic diarrhea. Here, we present a protocol of systematic review aimed at systematically review all the clinical evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for treating FD and IBS-D in adults. METHODS: The review will be performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement.

Author(s): 
Qin, Zongshi
Li, Bo
Wu, Jiani
Tian, Jinhui
Xie, Shang
Mao, Zhi
Zhou, Jing
Kim, Tae-Hun
Liu, Zhishun
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

Context Chebulae Fructus is used as an herbal remedy for diarrhoea in traditional Chinese medicine. However, there is no scientific evidence to support its antidiarrhoeal activity. Objective This study evaluates the antidiarrhoeal properties of Chebulae Fructus aqueous extract (CFAE) and determines the active fraction. Materials and methods The antidiarrhoeal effect of CFAE (200-800?mg/kg) was investigated by determining the wet dropping, intestinal transit in BALB/c mice and enteropooling in Wister rats.

Author(s): 
Sheng, Zunlai
Yan, Xin
Zhang, Ruili
Ni, Huilin
Cui, Yuanxu
Ge, Junwei
Shan, Anshan
Publication Title: 
Revista Brasileira De Medicina
Author(s): 
Dias, M. M.
Publication Title: 
Hospital (Rio De Janeiro, Brazil)
Author(s): 
Dias, M. M.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine
Author(s): 
Collard, K. L.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
Author(s): 
Byrne, S.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

Recent research findings are used to illustrate the areas of uncertainty and controversy in the understanding of hypnosis. Despite similarities, hypnosis is presented as more than and different from relaxation, suggestibility, and the placebo response. An overview of the clinical use of hypnosis includes the three main methods of application, namely: relaxation or mild hypnosis, symptom removal, and hypnotherapy. A few brief case reports are included.

Author(s): 
Frankel, F. H.
Publication Title: 
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

Previous research from the United Kingdom has shown hypnotherapy to be effective in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The current study provides a systematic replication of this work in the United States. Six matched pairs of IBS patients were randomly assigned to either a gut-directed hypnotherapy (n = 6) or to a symptom monitoring wait-list control condition (n = 6) in a multiple baseline across subjects design. Those assigned to the control condition were later crossed over to the treatment condition.

Author(s): 
Galovski, T. E.
Blanchard, E. B.

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