Diastole

Publication Title: 
Health News (Waltham, Mass.)
Publication Title: 
Perceptual and Motor Skills

Autogenic training, a method of self-hypnosis, lowers the extent of within-day variation of systolic blood pressure assessed by the circadian double amplitude. The blood pressure and heart rate of ten patients, conventionally diagnosed as having hypertension or white-coat hypertension, were automatically monitored at 30-min intervals for 7 days before autogenic training and again for 7 days, at 1 or 2 months after the start of autogenic training (practiced three times daily).

Author(s): 
Watanabe, Y.
Halberg, F.
Cornelissen, G.
Saito, Y.
Fukuda, K.
Otsuka, K.
Kikuchi, T.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of yoga with an active control (nonaerobic exercise) in individuals with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. A randomized clinical trial was performed using two arms: (1) yoga and (2) active control. Primary outcomes were 24-hour day and night ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Within-group and between-group analyses were performed using paired t tests and repeated-measures analysis of variance (time × group), respectively. Eighty-four participants enrolled, with 68 participants completing the trial.

Author(s): 
Hagins, Marshall
Rundle, Andrew
Consedine, Nathan S.
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.)

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of yoga with an active control (nonaerobic exercise) in individuals with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. A randomized clinical trial was performed using two arms: (1) yoga and (2) active control. Primary outcomes were 24-hour day and night ambulatory systolic and diastolic blood pressures. Within-group and between-group analyses were performed using paired t tests and repeated-measures analysis of variance (time × group), respectively. Eighty-four participants enrolled, with 68 participants completing the trial.

Author(s): 
Hagins, Marshall
Rundle, Andrew
Consedine, Nathan S.
Khalsa, Sat Bir S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American College of Cardiology

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective, single-site, 2-year dietary intervention study was to evaluate the effects of moderate weight reduction and subsequent partial weight regain on cardiovascular structure and function. BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with adverse cardiac and vascular structural and functional alterations. METHODS: Sixty obese subjects (age 46 + or - 10 years, body mass index 37 + or - 3 kg/m(2)) were evaluated during their participation in a weight loss study.

Author(s): 
de las Fuentes, Lisa
Waggoner, Alan D.
Mohammed, B. Selma
Stein, Richard I.
Miller, Bernard V.
Foster, Gary D.
Wyatt, Holly R.
Klein, Samuel
Davila-Roman, Victor G.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Fish oil (FO) mediates a number of cardioprotective benefits in patients with cardiovascular disease. In the absence of cardiovascular disease, however, the effects of FO on cardiac structure and function are not clear. In addition, it is not known if an effective dosing strategy for attenuating age-related cardiac dysfunction is also effective at limiting cognitive dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Sergeant, Susan
McQuail, Joseph A.
Riddle, David R.
Chilton, Floyd H.
Ortmeier, Steven B.
Jessup, Jewell A.
Groban, Leanne
Nicolle, Michelle M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Behavioral Medicine

Meditation training appears to be a promising psychological approach to the control of hypertension. However, most studies to date have had serious deficiencies. This study attempted to correct many of these deficiencies. Forty-one unmedicated hypertensives referred by general practitioners were randomly allocated to three groups. The treatment group (SRELAX) underwent training procedures based on Transcendental Meditation; a placebo control group (NSRELAX) underwent identical training but withou a mantra. Both procedures were compared with a no-treatment control group.

Author(s): 
Seer, P.
Raeburn, J. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of conducting a randomized clinical trial in the private practice setting examining short- and long-term effects of chiropractic adjustments for subjects with essential hypertension compared with a brief soft tissue massage, as well as a nontreatment control group. DESIGN: Randomized controlled-comparison trial with 3 parallel groups. SETTING: Private practice outpatient chiropractic clinic. PATIENTS: Twenty-three subjects, aged 24 to 50 years with systolic or diastolic essential hypertension.

Author(s): 
Plaugher, Gregory
Long, Cynthia R.
Alcantara, Joel
Silveus, Alyssa D.
Wood, Herbert
Lotun, Kapildeo
Menke, J. Michael
Meeker, William C.
Rowe, Stephen H.
Publication Title: 
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery

BACKGROUND: Complementary therapies (touch, music) are used as successful adjuncts in treatment of pain in chronic conditions. Little is known about their effectiveness in care of heart surgery patients. Our objective is to evaluate feasibility, safety, and impact of a complementary alternative medical therapies package for heart surgery patients.

Author(s): 
Kshettry, Vibhu R.
Carole, Linda Flies
Henly, Susan J.
Sendelbach, Sue
Kummer, Barbara
Publication Title: 
Cardiovascular Engineering (Dordrecht, Netherlands)

Our institution is in development of a low frequency, non-invasive Diastolic Timed Vibrator (DTV) for use in emergency treatment of ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI). It is preferable to avoid vibration emissions during the IsoVolumetric Contraction Period (IVCP) and at least the majority of mechanical systole thereafter, as systolic vibration may cause a negative inotropic effect in the ischemic heart.

Author(s): 
Gill, Harjit
Hoffmann, Andrew

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