Diathermy

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Management of rotator cuff disease may include use of electrotherapy modalities (also known as electrophysical agents), which aim to reduce pain and improve function via an increase in energy (electrical, sound, light, or thermal) into the body. Examples include therapeutic ultrasound, low-level laser therapy (LLLT), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF). These modalities are usually delivered as components of a physical therapy intervention.

Author(s): 
Page, Matthew J.
Green, Sally
Mrocki, Marshall A.
Surace, Stephen J.
Deitch, Jessica
McBain, Brodwen
Lyttle, Nicolette
Buchbinder, Rachelle
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

AIM: To summarise the current evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical therapy on pain, function and range of motion in individuals with subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, Lilacs, Ibecs and Scielo databases. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) investigating physical therapy modalities for SAPS on pain, function/disability or range of motion were included. RESULTS: 64 high-quality RCTs were included.

Author(s): 
Haik, M. N.
Alburquerque-Sendín, F.
Moreira, R. F. C.
Pires, E. D.
Camargo, P. R.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Foot Surgery

This paper presents a review of the literature of various modes of physical therapy available to the podiatrist. Included are superficial and deep heating agents, applications of cold, and massage. Their methods of application, physiological responses, indications, and contraindications are discussed.

Author(s): 
Feldman, R. S.
Hugar, D. W.
Publication Title: 
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America

This article reviews various physical modalities that have been used in spastic hypertonia, particularly superficial heat and cold, diathermies (ultrasound, microwave, and short-wave irradiation), electrical stimulation (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation), implanted spinal stimulation (rectal stimulation), and massage (deep friction, superficial contact). The duration of the effects of most physical therapies is relatively short (e.g., cooling, heating, and massage), which often may limit their application to immediate prestretch or pre-exercise periods.

Author(s): 
Gracies, J. M.
Publication Title: 
Swiss Medical Weekly

PRINCIPLE: A randomised, comparative prospective clinical trial was planned to compare the early response to different rehabilitation methods for adhesive capsulitis taking into consideration the clinical efficacy and the cost effectiveness of the methods. METHODS: Forty patients with adhesive capsulitis were randomised into two treatment groups. The first group (CYR) received the Cyriax approach of deep friction massage and mobilisation exercises three times weekly. The second group (PT) had daily physical therapy including hot pack and short wave diathermy application.

Author(s): 
Guler-Uysal, Fusun
Kozanoglu, Erkan
Publication Title: 
Europa Medicophysica

There are evidences to support recommending the early intake of prednisone (in its appropriate dose of 1 mg/kg body weight for up to 70 or 80 mg/day) or the combined use of prednisone and acyclovir (or valacyclovir) within 72 h following the onset of paralysis in order to improve the outcome of Bell's palsy (BP). Although there may be a controversy about the role of physiotherapy in BP or facial palsy, it seemed that local superficial heat therapy, massage, exercises, electrical stimulation and biofeedback training have a place in the treatment of lower motor facial palsy.

Author(s): 
Shafshak, T. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential usefulness of a novel thermal imaging technique in the assessment of local physiologic responses before and after conservative therapies for coccygodynia. METHODS: Patients with coccygodynia were selected on the basis of detailed history taking, clinical examination, and dynamic series radiography. They underwent therapeutic modalities consisting of 6 to 8 sessions of manual medicine treatments (massage of the levators followed by Maigne's manipulative technique) and external physiotherapy (short-wave diathermy) 3 times a week for 8 weeks.

Author(s): 
Wu, Chin-Li
Yu, Kwong-Leung
Chuang, Hung-Yi
Huang, Mao-Hsiung
Chen, Tien-Wen
Chen, Chia-Hsin
Publication Title: 
Health Physics

Short-wave diathermy is one of the most popular treatment modalities used to relieve pain through localized heating. In Canada its use in hospitals is as frequent as that of ultrasonic therapy devices and about 10 times more popular than microwave diathermy. Intensities of the electric and magnetic fields around applicators of 7 different diathermy units were measured at the operator position and at various untreated areas of the patient during 11 treatment regimes using 5 types of applicators.

Author(s): 
Stuchly, M. A.
Repacholi, M. H.
Lecuyer, D. W.
Mann, R. D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the potential usefulness of a novel thermal imaging technique in the assessment of local physiologic responses before and after conservative therapies for coccygodynia. METHODS: Patients with coccygodynia were selected on the basis of detailed history taking, clinical examination, and dynamic series radiography. They underwent therapeutic modalities consisting of 6 to 8 sessions of manual medicine treatments (massage of the levators followed by Maigne's manipulative technique) and external physiotherapy (short-wave diathermy) 3 times a week for 8 weeks.

Author(s): 
Wu, Chin-Li
Yu, Kwong-Leung
Chuang, Hung-Yi
Huang, Mao-Hsiung
Chen, Tien-Wen
Chen, Chia-Hsin
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Author(s): 
Goats, G. C.

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