Diet

Publication Title: 
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie

PURPOSE: Primary open angle glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy affecting millions of people worldwide and represents a major public health issue. Environmental factors, behaviors, and diet are intimately related to patient health and may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of glaucoma. This study aims to review the literature, focusing on the last three years, regarding modifiable lifestyle interventions in the management of primary open angle glaucoma.

Author(s): 
Hecht, Idan
Achiron, Asaf
Man, Vitaly
Burgansky-Eliash, Zvia
Publication Title: 
World journal of pediatrics: WJP

BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorder (AP-FGID) comprises of 4 main conditions: functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain. AP-FGIDs are diagnosed clinically based on the Rome IV criteria for FGIDs of childhood. There is limited evidence for pharmacological therapies. DATA SOURCES: This review article discusses nonpharmacological management of AP-FGID based on the current literature including systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, cohort and case control studies.

Author(s): 
Paul, Siba Prosad
Basude, Dharamveer
Publication Title: 
Annals of Internal Medicine

BACKGROUND: Women commonly use soy products, herbs, and other complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies for menopausal symptoms. Randomized, controlled trials have evaluated the efficacy and short-term safety of these therapies. PURPOSE: To review randomized, controlled trials of CAM therapies for menopausal symptoms in order to better inform practice and guide future research.

Author(s): 
Kronenberg, Fredi
Fugh-Berman, Adriane
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

OBJECTIVE: To summarise and discuss the association between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out to identify prospective or retrospective studies and interventions published up to June 2015 that reported associations between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. Electronic data bases of PubMed, ProQuest, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched.

Author(s): 
Deng, W.
Cheung, S. T.
Tsao, S. W.
Wang, X. M.
Tiwari, A. F. Y.
Publication Title: 
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine

CONTEXT: Medical authorities have identified obesity as a causal factor in the development of diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease (CVD), and more broadly, of metabolic syndrome/insulin resistance syndrome. To provide solutions that can modify this risk factor, researchers need to identify methods of effective risk reduction and primary prevention of obesity. Research on the effectiveness of yoga as a treatment for obesity is limited, and studies vary in overall quality and methodological rigor.

Author(s): 
Rioux, Jennifer Grace
Ritenbaugh, Cheryl
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing

The purpose of this integrative review is to describe and assess randomized controlled trials of interventions to reduce peripheral arterial disease (PAD) risk factors among African Americans, given the high morbidity and mortality associated with PAD and the poorer outcomes in African Americans with PAD. The reviewed studies include non-pharmacological interventions aimed at the reduction of hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure and lipids in African-American patients with the causal PAD risk factors of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Author(s): 
Eastridge, Diana K.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There are high expectations regarding the potential for the communication of DNA-based disease risk estimates to motivate behaviour change. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of communicating DNA-based disease risk estimates on risk-reducing behaviours and motivation to undertake such behaviours.

Author(s): 
Marteau, Theresa M.
French, David P.
Griffin, Simon J.
Prevost, A. T.
Sutton, Stephen
Watkinson, Clare
Attwood, Sophie
Hollands, Gareth J.
Publication Title: 
Nutritional Neuroscience

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a common, chronic condition that imposes a substantial burden of disability globally. As current treatments are estimated to address only one-third of the disease burden of depressive disorders, there is a need for new approaches to prevent depression or to delay its progression. While in its early stages, converging evidence from laboratory, population research, and clinical trials now suggests that dietary patterns and specific dietary factors may influence the risk for depression.

Author(s): 
Opie, R. S.
Itsiopoulos, C.
Parletta, N.
Sanchez-Villegas, A.
Akbaraly, T. N.
Ruusunen, A.
Jacka, F. N.
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified. The average weight loss was 4.2?kg.

Author(s): 
Rogers, Jeffrey M.
Ferrari, Madeleine
Mosely, Kylie
Lang, Cathryne P.
Brennan, Leah
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

OBJECTIVE: To summarise and discuss the association between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out to identify prospective or retrospective studies and interventions published up to June 2015 that reported associations between telomerase activity and psychological stress, mental disorders and lifestyle factors. Electronic data bases of PubMed, ProQuest, CINAHL and Google Scholar were searched.

Author(s): 
Deng, W.
Cheung, S. T.
Tsao, S. W.
Wang, X. M.
Tiwari, A. F. Y.

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