Diet Records

Publication Title: 
Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly

This study compares the dietary patterns of centenarians (n = 85) with sexagenarians (n = 76) and octogenarians (n = 83). A Daily Diet Diary was developed to code the responses of the 24-hour dietary recalls. Centenarians and octogenarians consumed a more varied (P < 0.05) diet, with higher (P < 0.01) consumption frequencies of milk and grains, and fewer (P < 0.01) skipped breakfasts than sexagenarians. However, centenarians also consumed high fat foods (P < 0.01), such as whole milk and biscuits, and coffee (P < 0.5) more frequently than the two younger cohorts.

Author(s): 
Houston, D. K.
Johnson, M. A.
Poon, L. W.
Clayton, G. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Epidemiology / Japan Epidemiological Association

Food and nutrient intake of NILS-LSA participants 40 to 79 years of age were assessed through 3-day weighed dietary records by gender and age. The results were as follows. The intake of fats and oils, meats and beverages tended to decrease, but fruits increased with age in both males and females. Regarding nutrient intake, energy, protein, fat, and cholesterol showed a decrease as individuals aged. The nutrient intake in the 70 to 79 yr group was significantly lower than other age groups of both genders. The total dietary fiber and vitamin C intake increased.

Author(s): 
Imai, T.
Sakai, S.
Mori, K.
Ando, F.
Niino, N.
Shimokata, H.
Publication Title: 
The New England Journal of Medicine

BACKGROUND: Adherence to a Mediterranean diet may improve longevity, but relevant data are limited. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, prospective investigation involving 22,043 adults in Greece who completed an extensive, validated, food-frequency questionnaire at base line. Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed by a 10-point Mediterranean-diet scale that incorporated the salient characteristics of this diet (range of scores, 0 to 9, with higher scores indicating greater adherence).

Author(s): 
Trichopoulou, Antonia
Costacou, Tina
Bamia, Christina
Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
Publication Title: 
Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fruits and vegetables are known for their beneficial effects on chronic diseases. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables on total stroke mortality and its 2 main subtypes in men and women separately. METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 40 349 Japanese men and women was initiated in 1980-1981 and followed until 1998. Fruit and vegetable intake was assessed at baseline on the basis of the response to a food frequency questionnaire.

Author(s): 
Sauvaget, C.
Nagano, J.
Allen, N.
Kodama, K.
Publication Title: 
Roczniki Pa?stwowego Zak?adu Higieny

The aim of the study was to determine the preferences and nutritional habits of Warsaw centenarians during their "third period" of life. The study was conducted by a questionnaire method among 29 centenarians. Most of centenarians had general good health condition. Almost 60% of centenarians performed manual labor in the past. Then they drank small amounts of alcohol irregularly. Several percent of centenarians smoked in the past. Before the age of sixty less people then at present snacked between meals.

Author(s): 
Ko??ajtis-Do?owy, Anna
Pietruszka, Barbara
Ka?uza, Joanna
Pawli?iska-Chmara, Romana
Broczek, Katarzyna
Mossakowska, Ma?gorzata
Publication Title: 
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is variability in the association between dietary intake and health outcomes across different countries, especially among the elderly. We used the gold standard dietary assessment method, a weighed food record, to examine the association between dietary pattern and mortality in a representative sample of community dwelling participants from Great Britain aged 65 years and older. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Dietary intake was recorded at baseline in 1017 elderly participants (520 men, 497 women, mean age 76.3+/-7.4 years).

Author(s): 
Hamer, M.
McNaughton, S. A.
Bates, C. J.
Mishra, G. D.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

BACKGROUND: It is not known whether salt intake decreases over time in the same population. This study attempts to describe salt intake for 8 years according to age groups, and examines whether salt intake changes over time in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly Japanese subjects. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants included 544 men and 512 women who participated in and completed all nutrition surveys from the first (1997-2000) to fifth (2006-2008) study waves.

Author(s): 
Otsuka, Rei
Kato, Yuki
Imai, Tomoko
Ando, Fujiko
Shimokata, Hiroshi
Publication Title: 
Nutrition Research (New York, N.Y.)

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a group behavior change intervention involving self-selected, contextualized, and mediated goal setting on anthropometric, affective, and dietary markers of health. It was hypothesized that the intervention would elicit changes consistent with accepted health recommendations for obese individuals. A rolling program of 12-week "Small Changes" interventions during 24 months recruited 71 participants; each program accommodated 10 to 13 adults (body mass index [BMI] ? 30 kg/m≤). Fifty-eight participants completed Small Changes.

Author(s): 
Paxman, Jenny R.
Hall, Anna C.
Harden, Charlotte J.
O'Keeffe, Jean
Simper, Trevor N.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

OBJECTIVE: The decline in antioxidant defenses due to both estrogen loss and frequent adoption of poor dietary choices exposes postmenopausal women to cardiovascular diseases. Adequate nutrition and physical exercise are two factors of health promotion. This study investigated whether regular practice of mind-body exercise (yoga and/or tai chi) alters dietary intake and antioxidant status and balances the menopause-related increases in lipid peroxidation and cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

Author(s): 
Palasuwan, A.
Margaritis, I.
Soogarun, S.
Rousseau, A.-S.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

OBJECTIVE: The decline in antioxidant defenses due to both estrogen loss and frequent adoption of poor dietary choices exposes postmenopausal women to cardiovascular diseases. Adequate nutrition and physical exercise are two factors of health promotion. This study investigated whether regular practice of mind-body exercise (yoga and/or tai chi) alters dietary intake and antioxidant status and balances the menopause-related increases in lipid peroxidation and cardiovascular risk. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.

Author(s): 
Palasuwan, A.
Margaritis, I.
Soogarun, S.
Rousseau, A.-S.

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