Diet, Sodium-Restricted

Publication Title: 
The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma

Although individuals are using Complementary and Alternative Medical (CAM) therapies to help manage their asthma, there is no clear direction in the current guidelines for the use of CAM in asthma. This literature review undertakes to determine the current science regarding the use of CAM in asthma management.

Author(s): 
Markham, Andrea White
Wilkinson, Jenny M.
Publication Title: 
Heart Advisor / the Cleveland Clinic
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Author(s): 
Desai, H. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Cardiometabolic Syndrome

The Pritikin Program (Aventura, FL) involves the use of a very-low-fat, low-sodium, high-fiber diet and exercise to decrease the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). This study evaluated the effect of short-term Pritikin therapy on the metabolic risk factors for CHD in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Sixty-seven subjects who had the metabolic syndrome and attended the Pritikin Longevity Center & Spa for 12-15 days were studied.

Author(s): 
Sullivan, Shelby
Samuel, Samuel
Publication Title: 
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery

A best evidence topic in cardiothoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether restricting dietary salt intake would provide protection from adverse cardiovascular events or mortality. Using the reported search, 462 papers were identified of which 14 papers represented the best evidence on the subject. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and weaknesses were tabulated.

Author(s): 
Walker, Jay
MacKenzie, Alastair David
Dunning, Joel
Publication Title: 
Journal of Hypertension. Supplement: Official Journal of the International Society of Hypertension

Weight reduction, alcohol restriction, mild salt restriction, eating a vegetarian diet and increasing aerobic exercise will generally lower the blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. Eating a diet rich in potassium and reducing caffeine intake may also be helpful in reducing the pressure, but increasing the fiber or calcium intake will generally be ineffective. Reducing fat intake from the usual 40% of total calories to 25-30% may reduce hypertension directly or by weight reduction.

Author(s): 
Silverberg, D. S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Indian Medical Association

Hypertension is essentially the elevation of arterial blood pressure beyond an arbitrary cut off point, though the dividing line between normal and elevated BP is lacking. Hypertension can be classified into primary, essential or idiopathic hypertension on one hand, and secondary one due to some disease itself. In treating hypertension, antihypertensives have their role, but attention may be directed towards some lifestyle modifications. As regarding dietary interventions, calorie restriction may influence the minimisation of BP.

Author(s): 
Chhabra, M. K.
Lal, A.
Sharma, K. K.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice

AIM: The primary aim was to study the effect of naturopathy and yoga interventions in treatment of mild to moderate hypertension. DESIGN: The variables of interest were measured at the beginning and end of the intervention using a pre-post design. SETTING: The study was conducted by INYS medical research society in Jindal Nature Cure Institute, Bangalore. SUBJECTS: A total of 104 subjects, already diagnosed with mild to moderate hypertension and on treatment with antihypertensive medicines were included in study.

Author(s): 
Murthy, S. N.
Rao, N. S. N.
Nandkumar, Babina
Kadam, Avinash
Publication Title: 
British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.)

Thirty-seven reports of the treatment of hypertension by non-pharmacological means were compared with the results of treatment by standard drug regimens. Treatment by drugs produced the greatest lowering of blood pressure. Treatment by weight reduction, yoga, and muscle relaxation each produced smaller, but appreciable, changes in blood pressure biofeedback, and salt restriction were inferior to those of the other regimens and were not significantly different to the effects of placebo treatment.

Author(s): 
Andrews, G.
MacMahon, S. W.
Austin, A.
Byrne, D. G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Phytosterols reduce cholesterol absorption and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, but the quantity and physiological significance of phytosterols in common diets are generally unknown because nutrient databases do not contain comprehensive phytosterol data. The primary aim of this study was to design prototype phytosterol-deficient and high-phytosterol diets for use in controlled feeding studies of the influence of phytosterols on health. A second aim was to quantify the phytosterol content of these prototype diets and three other diets consumed in the United States.

Author(s): 
Racette, Susan B.
Spearie, Catherine Anderson
Phillips, Katherine M.
Lin, Xiaobo
Ma, Lina
Ostlund, Richard E.

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