Diffusion of Innovation

Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology: The Official Journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53

Hundreds of validated evidence-based intervention programs (EBIP) aim to improve families' well-being; however, most are not broadly adopted. As an alternative diffusion strategy, we created wellness centers to reach families' everyday lives with a prevention framework. At two wellness centers, one in a middle-class neighborhood and one in a low-income neighborhood, popular local activity leaders (instructors of martial arts, yoga, sports, music, dancing, Zumba), and motivated parents were trained to be Family Mentors.

Author(s): 
Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane
Swendeman, Dallas
Becker, Kimberly D.
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Although the efficacy of small-group, risk reduction interventions based on cognitive behavioral principles has been widely documented in HIV behavioral research literature, little is known about how AIDS service organizations (ASOs) view these research-based models. From a nationwide sample of 77 ASOs, this study assessed factors influencing attitudes of prevention program directors and frontline staff toward research-based interventions.

Author(s): 
DiFranceisco, W.
Kelly, J. A.
Otto-Salaj, L.
McAuliffe, T. L.
Somlai, A. M.
Hackl, K.
Heckman, T. G.
Holtgrave, D. R.
Rompa, D. J.
Publication Title: 
Sudhoffs Archiv

As a paradigmatic case study of the origin, spread, and development of medical systems, this paper investigates the 200-years history of homeopathy from different perspectives of medical history. On the basis of new research on Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), first, a concise and critical overview on the principles, explanations, and implications of his doctrine is presented.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Josef M.
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

Conventional sciences have brought forth a wealth of knowledge and benefits, but they have not always been clear and precise about their legitimate scope and methodological limitations. In contrast, new and critical approaches in modern sciences question and reflect their own presuppositions, dependencies, and constraints. Examples are quantum physics, theory and history of science, as well as theory and history of medicine, sociology, and economics.

Author(s): 
Schmidt, Josef M.
Publication Title: 
International Nursing Review

With their own philosophy and personal approach, ICN presidents have each left an indelible mark on ICN's history. Moreover, ICN progress made during each quadrennium has depended on the impetus provided by the president and the Board of Directors. Mo-Im Kim, ICN's new helmswoman, below gives an insight on her view of the challenges ahead and just where she hopes ICN will place its emphasis over the next four years.

Author(s): 
Kim, M. I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health and Human Services Administration

Urban trauma centers have been shown in the medical literature to be effective resources for dealing with traumatic injury in a manner which results in demonstrated increases in survival rates. Given that much debate exists over the relative efficacy of various technological medical interventions, the acceptance and diffusion of a "proven" technology, such as trauma centers, should be assured.

Author(s): 
Culbertson, R. A.
Publication Title: 
Medical Care

BACKGROUND: As information is disseminated about best practices, variations in patterns of care should diminish over time. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that differences in rates of a surgical procedure are associated with type of insurance in an era of evolving practice guidelines and that insurance and site differences diminish with time as consensus guidelines disseminate among the medical community. METHODS: We use lymph node dissection among women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as an example of a procedure with uncertain benefit.

Author(s): 
Griggs, Jennifer J.
Sorbero, Melony E. S.
Ahrendt, Gretchen M.
Stark, Azadeh
Heininger, Susanne
Gold, Heather T.
Schiffhauer, Linda M.
Dick, Andrew W.
Publication Title: 
The British journal of theatre nursing: NATNews: the official journal of the National Association of Theatre Nurses

With the increasing acceptance of various forms of alternative medicine as coping strategies for the stresses and strains of modern life, hypnotherapy is becoming more and more established as an adjunct to orthodox medical practice. Scientific research methods applied to hypnotism, as well as improved communication and education, have done much to raise the image of hypnotherapy generally.

Author(s): 
Hutt, G.
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

The article describes the rationale for and the process of developing a new definition of hypnosis by the Society of Psychological Hypnosis, Division 30 of the American Psychological Association. Both theoretical and practical implications led to the production of the definition, which is targeted toward informing clinicians, researchers, and the lay public alike. The definition is presented at the conclusion of the article.

Author(s): 
Green, Joseph P.
Barabasz, Arreed F.
Barrett, Deirdre
Montgomery, Guy H.

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