The effect of two Ca2+ channel inhibitors (CCIs) on ethanol-induced hypothermia and hypnosis, on tolerance formation to both effects, and on audiogenic convulsions during ethanol withdrawal was studied in rats. Nifedipine, 2 and 5 mg/kg IP, significantly augmented the hypnotic action of ethanol without affecting hypothermia. Diltiazem failed to influence either effect of the toxin. Rectal temperature did not change in ethanol-naive rats after acute injection of diltiazem or nifedipine.
Journal of Neural Transmission (Vienna, Austria: 1996)
In order to elucidate the mechanism(s) behind the interactions between barbiturates and Ca(2+) antagonists, the effects of three structurally diverse types of Ca(2+) antagonists combined or not with 5-HT on pentobarbital-induced hypnosis in mice were investigated.
To investigate the mechanism by which L-type Ca+ channel blockers exerted potentiating effects on pentobarbital-induced hypnosis, the present study was undertaken to determine if the interaction of diltiazem and serotonergic system influences the architecture of pentobarbital sleep in rats and examined c-Fos expression in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO) and the tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN). The polysomnogram consisting of EEG and EMG was recorded for analyzing sleep architecture.
It has been reported that the sedative component of pentobarbital is mediated by GABA receptors in an endogenous sleep pathway and the ventrolateral preoptic area (VLPO)-tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN) or VLPO-dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) neural circuit is important in the sedative response to pentobarbital. Our previous findings indicated that the VLPO-TMN neuronal circuit may play crucial part in the augmentative effect of diltiazem on pentobarbital sleep and the serotonergic system may be involved.