Disease Models, Animal

Publication Title: 
Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Research

Acupuncture has been used for treatment of female reproductive disorders dated back at least 2000 years. It has been known to promote homeostasis, modulate hormonal disturbance and induce ovulation. While the increasing popularity of acupuncture therapy demands a serious debate about its scientific documentation. This article is intended to present the experimental data about the effects of electroacupuncture at Guanyuan (RN 4), bilateral Zhongji (RN 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and bilateral Zigong (EXCA 1) in the ovariectomized rats.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Hong
Chen, Bo-Ying
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology International

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has become popular in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) worldwide. The objective of this study is to systematically review the proposed mechanisms of action and currently available evidence supporting the efficacy of CAM modalities in relieving signs and symptoms of RA. The prevalence of CAM usage by RA patients is anywhere from 28% to 90%. Many published studies on CAM are based on animal models of RA and there is often insufficient evidence for the efficacy of CAM modalities in RA.

Author(s): 
Efthimiou, Petros
Kukar, Manil
Publication Title: 
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: The Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology

Acupuncture has been reported to be beneficial in treating cognitive impairment in various pathological conditions. This review describes the effort to understand the signaling pathways that underlie the acupunctural therapeutic effect on cognitive function. We searched the literature in 12 electronic databases from their inception to November 2013, with full text available and language limited to English. Twenty-three studies were identified under the selection criteria. All recruited animal studies demonstrate a significant positive effect of acupuncture on cognitive impairment.

Author(s): 
Leung, Mason Chin Pang
Yip, Ka Keung
Ho, Yuen Shan
Siu, Flora Ka Wai
Li, Wai Chin
Garner, Belinda
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Many animal experimental studies have been performed to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture in Parkinson's disease (PD). Sex differences are a major issue in all diseases including PD. However, to our knowledge, there have been no reviews investigating sex differences on the effectiveness of acupuncture treatment for animal PD models. The current study aimed to summarize and analyze past studies in order to evaluate these possible differences.

Author(s): 
Lee, Sook-Hyun
van den Noort, Maurits
Bosch, Peggy
Lim, Sabina
Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Acupuncture has been used for patients with stroke and post-stroke rehabilitation for thousands of years. Previous studies reported that acupuncture enhanced stroke recovery through neurogenesis. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis for preclinical studies to assess the current evidence for acupuncture effect on neurogenesis in treating ischaemic stroke.

Author(s): 
Lu, Lin
Zhang, Xiao-guang
Zhong, Linda L. D.
Chen, Zi-xian
Li, Yan
Zheng, Guo-Qing
Bian, Zhao-Xiang
Publication Title: 
Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine

Medicinal herbs, Geum japonicum, Syzygium aromaticum, Terminalia chebula, and Rhus javanica, with anti-herpes simplex virus therapeutic activity, inhibited replication of human cytomegalovirus(CMV) and murine CMV(MCMV) in vitro. These anti-CMV activities were examined in an MCMV infection model using immunosuppressed mice. Geum japonicum, Syzygium aromaticum, and Terminalia chebula significantly suppressed MCMV yields in lungs of treated mice compared with water treatment.

Author(s): 
Shiraki, K.
Yukawa, T.
Kurokawa, M.
Kageyama, S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR

The present work is probably the first report on cancer chemopreventive potential of Triphala, a combination of fruit powder of three different plants namely Terminalia chebula, Terminalia belerica and Emblica officinalis. Triphala is a popular formulation of the Ayurvedic system of medicine. Our findings have shown that Triphala in diet has significantly reduced the benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] induced forestomach papillomagenesis in mice. In the short term treatment groups, the tumor incidences were lowered to 77.77% by both doses of Triphala mixed diet.

Author(s): 
Deep, G.
Dhiman, M.
Rao, A. R.
Kale, R. K.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Terminalia chebula (Combretaceae) has been widely used in Ayurveda for the treatment of diabetes. In the present investigation, the chloroform extract of T. chebula seed powder was investigated for its antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats using short term and long term study protocols. The efficacy of the extract was also evaluated for protection of renal functions in diabetic rats.

Author(s): 
Rao, Nalamolu Koteswara
Nammi, Srinivas
Publication Title: 
Chemico-Biological Interactions

Mitochondria play a central role in molecular events leading to tissue damage in ischemia. The present study examines the role of the alcoholic extract of T. chebula (TCE) pretreatment (50 mg/100 g body weight) to attenuate the isoproterenol (ISO) (20mg/100g body wt, sc) induced alterations on heart mitochondrial ultrastucture and function in experimental rats.

Author(s): 
Suchalatha, Subramaniyan
Srinivasan, Periasamy
Devi, Chennam Srinivasulu Shyamala
Publication Title: 
Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Stress is one of the basic factors in the etiology of number of diseases. Cold-stress occurs when the surrounding temperature drops below 18 degrees C, the body may not be able to warm itself, and hence serious cold-related illnesses, permanent tissue damage and death may results.

Author(s): 
Dhanalakshmi, Selvakumar
Devi, Rathinasamy Sheela
Srikumar, Ramasundaram
Manikandan, Sundaramahalingam
Thangaraj, Ramasundaram

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