Disease Progression

Publication Title: 
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie

PURPOSE: Primary open angle glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy affecting millions of people worldwide and represents a major public health issue. Environmental factors, behaviors, and diet are intimately related to patient health and may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of glaucoma. This study aims to review the literature, focusing on the last three years, regarding modifiable lifestyle interventions in the management of primary open angle glaucoma.

Author(s): 
Hecht, Idan
Achiron, Asaf
Man, Vitaly
Burgansky-Eliash, Zvia
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress.

Author(s): 
Payne, Cathy
Wiffen, Philip J.
Martin, Suzanne
Publication Title: 
Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases

The management of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) has evolved dramatically over the past decade and, in many respects, represents a rapidly moving target for the cardiologist and internist who seek to integrate these recent advances into contemporary clinical practice. Unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) comprise a growing percentage of patients with ACS and is emerging as a major public health problem worldwide, especially in Western countries, despite significant improvements and refinements in management over the past 20 years.

Author(s): 
Boden, William E.
Shah, Prediman K.
Gupta, Vipul
Ohman, E. Magnus
Publication Title: 
Pediatric Emergency Care

OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to report a case and review the literature on the use of extracorporeal life support in the face of severe pulmonary hemorrhage for acute respiratory distress syndrome. STUDY SELECTION: This study is a single case report of a pediatric patient who was successfully managed on venovenous extracorporeal life support for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome with acute pulmonary hemorrhage secondary to Wegener disease.

Author(s): 
Joseph, Mark
Charles, Anthony G.
Publication Title: 
Psychological Medicine

As one would expect for a heterogeneous syndrome like schizophrenia, at the individual level the course of symptoms and disability vary widely. Mindful that the definition of recovery/remission varies widely between studies, a recent systematic review and meta-analysis reported that the proportion of those with schizophrenia who recover on both symptom and functional outcome is modest (approximately 14%).

Author(s): 
McGrath, J. J.
Miettunen, J.
Jääskeläinen, E.
Dark, F.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress.

Author(s): 
Payne, Cathy
Wiffen, Philip J.
Martin, Suzanne
Publication Title: 
PloS One

Research supports the use of supervised exercise training as a primary therapy for improving the functional status of people with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Several reviews have focused on reporting the outcomes of exercise interventions, but none have critically examined the quality of intervention reporting. Adequate reporting of the exercise protocols used in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) is central to interpreting study findings and translating effective interventions into practice.

Author(s): 
Tew, Garry A.
Brabyn, Sally
Cook, Liz
Peckham, Emily
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: There has been renewal of interest in the use of prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the frequency of exacerbations and improve quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether or not regular treatment of COPD patients with prophylactic antibiotics reduces exacerbations or affects quality of life. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Airways Group Trials Register and bibliographies of relevant studies. The latest literature search was August 2013.

Author(s): 
Herath, Samantha C.
Poole, Phillippa
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

An increasing number of systematic reviews are available regarding nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this article are to identify high-quality systematic reviews on the effect of nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip OA and to summarize available high-quality evidence for these treatment approaches. The authors identified and screened 204 reviews. Two independent reviewers using a previously pilot-tested quality assessment form assessed the full text of 58 reviews.

Author(s): 
Moe, Rikke H.
Haavardsholm, Espen A.
Christie, Anne
Jamtvedt, Gro
Dahm, Kristin Thuve
Hagen, Kåre Birger
Publication Title: 
Physical Therapy

An increasing number of systematic reviews are available regarding nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this article are to identify high-quality systematic reviews on the effect of nonpharmacological and nonsurgical interventions for hip OA and to summarize available high-quality evidence for these treatment approaches. The authors identified and screened 204 reviews. Two independent reviewers using a previously pilot-tested quality assessment form assessed the full text of 58 reviews.

Author(s): 
Moe, Rikke H.
Haavardsholm, Espen A.
Christie, Anne
Jamtvedt, Gro
Dahm, Kristin Thuve
Hagen, Kåre Birger

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