A psychology of music: The influence of music on behavior
We have suggested in the preceding chapter that the great musicians of prehistoric times were regarded as magicians or sorcerers, capable of effecting astounding changes in man and nature. To the average sophisticated modern this may sound like nonsense. He may smile at the naivete of the myth-makers or subject the myths to psychoanalytic interpretation and find a wish, perhaps an expression of collective desire, and a symbolic structure. And with this analysis he will be satisfied, and he may conclude that there is nothing more to know.
Alterations of consciousness: An empirical analysis for social scientists
This chapter continues the discussion of alterations of consciousness by asking whether there are entities in alternate aspects of reality that can intrude into our psyches so as to change our self-identity. All of the thematic threads of this book surface in this chapter as the author considers shamanism, possession, dissociative identity disorder, and alien abduction experiences.
Many of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies described in this volume are derived from ancient systems of healing, primarily Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. Although therapists may refer clients to CAM therapies and integrate CAM therapies into their practice without necessarily understanding their early origins, to fully appreciate some of the CAM therapies, one may find it useful to understand a little about these two traditional systems.
Uses the author's experiences with 2 illustrative groups to support the contention that Western psychotherapists have not utilized what are termed natural groups where the members share extra-familial social relationships.
Reviews The role of conjuring in Saulteaux society (1942). The aim of this volume is twofold. First, the author proposes to report the function of one form of shamanism within a group of the Ojibwa Indians. Second, he aims to compare these conjuring practices with those employed by other tribal groups. The author, to accomplish these ends, presents the results of exhaustive personal observations (1930-1940) made in a group of 900 Indians in the Lake Winnipeg region.
Reviews the book, The Gates of the Dream by Géza Róheim (see record 1954-02255-000). Starting with the notion of the "basic dream" which is common to all mankind, the author urges that animism, shamans, countries of the dead, journeys to and from them, and mythology are derived from dreams and dreaming. The author states further: "Our primary concern will be to show that there is a close connection between the hypnagogic fantasy and the dream. The hypnagogic fantasy becomes a dream if not interrupted by anxiety or not repressed.
There is a need to make the teaching of the history and systems of psychology course more relevant for students in professional training programs. Most typical courses and textbooks are oriented around the history of the science of psychology, giving scant and generally passing attention to the development of the profession of psychology. The author draws on his experience teaching a history and systems course in PsyD programs and provides a structure for enhancing the relevancy of such courses in professional training programs. Two frameworks are used.
Shamans' communities grant them privileged status to attend to those groups' psychological and spiritual needs. Shamans claim to modify their attentional states and engage in activities that enable them to access information not ordinarily attainable by members of the social group that has granted them shamanic status.
Reviews the book by Baruss (see record 2003-02669-000), which reviews the experimental and phenomenological research on alterations of consciousness, ranging from sleep and dreaming to mystical and near-death experience. The reviewer suggests there is a clear agenda announced by the book's subtitle, "An Empirical Analysis for Social Scientists." In the view of Baruss, all too often in states of consciousness research a preoccupation with theory has kept investigators from full engagement with the actual data.