Divorce

Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law

Many young Americans, married and marriageable, are turning to more traditional or fundamentalist religions. Religiosity and ultra-strict morality often leads to attitudes that alter decision-making in marriage, divorce, and the disposition of the children of divorce. Judgmental pastoral counseling may affect these decisions even more. This paper discusses these issues, emphasizing the need for forensic psychiatrists involved in the custody arena to be aware of the religious, spiritual, irreligious, or even anti-religious feelings of the battling partners.

Author(s): 
Goldzband, M. G.
Publication Title: 
Substance Abuse

The specific risk factors for addiction within religious community members remain poorly understood and undefined. This paper presents data on the characteristics of chemically dependent women Religious (nuns) in order to understand the etiology and treatment needs of this special group. This study contrasts a group of Roman Catholic women Religious who are in treatment for chemical dependency with a volunteer, nonalcoholic, comparison group from similar religious communities.

Author(s): 
McKechnie, Josie
Hill, Elizabeth M.
Publication Title: 
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

21 women consulting for bulimia were followed in individual psychotherapy and assessed for family background characteristics. Two sets of data are reported: objective data concerning the incidence of 'broken homes', i.e., with a history of separation or divorce or death of parents; subjective data concerning the image of the family and the identifications which are worked through in psychotherapy.

Author(s): 
Igoin-Apfelbaum, L.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

This study concerns 250 marriages of 40-49 year-old women from a psychiatric patient and general population series. Psychiatric patients' marriages involved less exchange of affection, were husband-dominated, and were of poor quality. In general population marriages, poor quality was related to wife domination. Affection given (AG) and affection received (AR) scores were significantly associated, being high in good marriages and low in bad ones. Zero or near-zero domination was associated with high AG and AR scores and with good quality marriages.

Author(s): 
Birtchnell, J.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry

Attitudes of 104 female college students from divorced and intact families were compared. Parental divorce was found to have long-term effects on young women's expectations about their futures in relation to men, work, and marriage. However, these effects were not found to be closely related to the nature of the relationships they had with their fathers following the divorce.

Author(s): 
Southworth, S.
Schwarz, J. C.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis

Grandparenthood can have multiple meanings for grandparents just as grandchildhood can have diverse meanings for grandchildren. Ideally the joys of being a grandparent help to compensate for life's sorrows, although premature grandparenthood may be experienced instead as a nuisance or even a burden if grandparents have to assume parental responsibilities. Of course, storybook grandparents including the grandfathers of Heidi, Little Lord Fauntleroy, and the Box Car Children, never seem to resent having to act as surrogate parents.

Author(s): 
Robinson, L. H.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

The study tested Bowlby's hypothesis that experiencing the poor relating of parents in childhood predisposes the individual to poor relating in adult life. Data were drawn from two community samples: a younger sample of 25-34-year-old married women, and an older one of 40-49-year-old women. Data were also drawn from the husbands of the women in the younger sample. It focused on the single childhood variable of the recollection of poor maternal care.

Author(s): 
Birtchnell, J.
Publication Title: 
Adolescence

In this study 212 high school students from different familial configurations were compared regarding their descriptions of themselves and their parents, as well as how their parents interacted with each other. Findings revealed that fathers' ratings or evaluations, but not mothers' ratings or the students' self-ratings, suffered in the wake of divorce. Regarding perceived "loving" actions by parents, however, students from intact families clearly had an advantage over their counterparts from reconstituted, divorced, and single-parent families.

Author(s): 
Parish, T. S.
Necessary, J. R.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Mobility of partnership increases in our times. There is a multifactorial package of causes with different preponderance in different age groups. Named be for example: the increasing average age of mankind with prolonged activities, emancipation of women, as well as sexual emancipation, new social structures etc., etc. If we analyse the factors which not only count for one single moment but in the long run for evolution of partnerships we see many different aspects.

Author(s): 
Barolin, G. S.
Publication Title: 
Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)

Within the different cultural epochs there exist different concepts of what is to be meant by 'love', 'marriage', 'human communication'. Maybe we are presently in the process of a paradigmatic change. However certain basic laws within human relations will always persist, such as: erotics, attraction, strive to social security, necessity to combine positive and negative within longer lasting human relations etc. Above all there is a great individual variability. There exist no one-way solutions.

Author(s): 
Barolin, G. S.

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