DNA, Circular

Publication Title: 
Methods in Molecular Biology (Clifton, N.J.)

Chronic hepatitis B remains a substantial public health burden affecting approximately 350 million people worldwide, causing cirrhosis and liver cancer, and about 1 million people die each year from hepatitis B and its complications. Hepatitis B is caused by hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. As an essential component of the viral life cycle, HBV covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) is synthesized and maintained at low copy numbers in the nucleus of infected hepatocytes, and serves as the transcription template for all viral RNAs.

Author(s): 
Cai, Dawei
Nie, Hui
Yan, Ran
Guo, Ju-Tao
Block, Timothy M.
Guo, Haitao
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Protozoology

We have analyzed the macronuclear DNA of Paramecium tetraurelia using orthogonal-field-alternation gel electrophoresis. The mean size of the linear macronuclear DNA molecules is approximately 450 kb. Less than 6% of the macronuclear DNA is larger than 800 kb. Using pulse times of 20, 40, 60 and 90 s we show that the macronuclear fragment containing the A type variable surface antigen gene migrates reproducibly as a 320-kb linear DNA. Over the same pulse times we describe the unusual migration of the ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) of P. tetraurelia.

Author(s): 
Phan, H. L.
Forney, J.
Blackburn, E. H.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

Site-directed mutagenesis of the telomerase RNA from Tetrahymena thermophila was used previously to demonstrate the templating function of a sequence within this RNA; this sequence specifies the sequence of telomeric DNA in vivo. The possible functional importance of a phylogenetically conserved nucleotide outside the telomerase RNA template region was investigated by a similar experimental approach.

Author(s): 
Romero, D. P.
Blackburn, E. H.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

A circular plasmid containing a complete Tetrahymena thermophila rRNA gene (rDNA), with a tandem repeat of a 1.9-kilobase-pair segment encompassing the replication origin and the rRNA promoter, and a polylinker in the 3' nontranscribed spacer, was used to transform T. thermophila by microinjection. Most (20/21) stable transformants contained only recombinant linear palindromic rDNA molecules carrying rDNA sequences from both the donor plasmid and the recipient cell, as shown previously.

Author(s): 
Yu, G. L.
Blackburn, E. H.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

We transformed the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila by microinjection of circular plasmids containing the ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA). In the somatic macronucleus of Tetrahymena, the rDNA is in the form of linear palindromic molecules. The rDNA molecules from the C3 strain have a replication advantage over rDNA from both B strain and the C3 rDNA mutant rmm1. We constructed two circular plasmids carrying replication origin sequences from C3 rDNA and a point mutation (Pmr) in the 17S rRNA gene that confers resistance to the antibiotic paromomycin.

Author(s): 
Yu, G. L.
Hasson, M.
Blackburn, E. H.
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