Domestic Violence

Publication Title: 
Biological Research for Nursing

Recent studies suggest that chronic psychological stress may accelerate aging at the cellular level. Telomeres are protective components that stabilize the ends of chromosomes and modulate cellular aging. Women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience chronic stress and report worse health. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine telomeric DNA length in women who have experienced chronic stress related to IPV. We hypothesized that IPV exposure would be associated with shorter telomere length.

Author(s): 
Humphreys, Janice
Epel, Elissa S.
Cooper, Bruce A.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Lee, Kathryn A.
Publication Title: 
Biological Research for Nursing

Recent studies suggest that chronic psychological stress may accelerate aging at the cellular level. Telomeres are protective components that stabilize the ends of chromosomes and modulate cellular aging. Women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) experience chronic stress and report worse health. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine telomeric DNA length in women who have experienced chronic stress related to IPV. We hypothesized that IPV exposure would be associated with shorter telomere length.

Author(s): 
Humphreys, Janice
Epel, Elissa S.
Cooper, Bruce A.
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth H.
Lee, Kathryn A.
Publication Title: 
Social Science Research

The Catholic Church has had a strong influence on the Chilean legal and social landscape in ways that have adversely affected victims of intimate partner violence; e.g., it succeeded until just five years ago in blocking efforts to legalize divorce. At the same time, quantitative studies based on survey data from the United States and other countries show a generally favorable influence of religion on health and many other domains of life, including intimate partner violence. The present study explores the puzzle posed by these seemingly opposing macro- and micro-level forces.

Author(s): 
Lehrer, Evelyn L.
Lehrer, Vivian L.
Krauss, Ramona C.
Publication Title: 
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne De Psychiatrie

OBJECTIVE: This paper is the first of a 2-part review on the topic of stalking. It outlines the behaviours involved, epidemiology, motivation of offenders, and mental health consequences for the victim. METHOD: Computerized literature searches were used to identify relevant papers from psychiatric and legal journals. Publications by victims' and women's organizations provided additional information. RESULTS: Up to 1 in 20 women will be stalked during her lifetime. The majority of victims are female, while the offenders are usually male.

Author(s): 
Abrams, K. M.
Robinson, G. E.
Publication Title: 
Violence and Victims

Previous research has shown parental warmth to have mixed effects on individuals in violent families. While positively associated with psychological health in some victims, parental warmth has also been positively associated with measures of psychological distress in other victims. The current study examined two models (the "buffering" and "inconsistency" theories) to clarify the effects of parental warmth.

Author(s): 
Harper, Felicity W. K.
Arias, Ileana
House, Amy S.
Publication Title: 
Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da U S P

The goal of this study is to describe the experience of female victims of domestic violence, who forfeited the lawsuits against their aggressors. The interviews were oriented by the question: What was your experience of forfeiting the denunciation of your aggressor? Three themes emerged from the convergence of the testimonies: time passed from the aggression to the denunciation and then to the forfeiting; the partner, the family, the women's precinct; reflecting about the experience, which described the studied phenomenon.

Author(s): 
Jong, Lin Chau
Sadala, Maria L˙cia Ara˙jo
Tanaka, Ana Cristina D'Andretta
Publication Title: 
Journal of family psychology: JFP: journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)

This prospective study used longitudinal, multi-reporter data to examine the influence of parents' marital relationship functioning on subsequent adolescent romantic relationships. Consistent with Bryant and Conger's (2002) model for the Development of Early Adult Romantic Relationships (DEARR), we found that interactional styles, more specifically paternal aggression and satisfaction, exhibited in parents' marital relationship when their adolescents were age 13 were predictive of qualities of the adolescent's romantic relationships 5 years later.

Author(s): 
Hare, Amanda L.
Miga, Erin M.
Allen, Joseph P.
Publication Title: 
Psicothema

Child rearing provides messages and rules that mediate the children's personality. These messages have a positive or negative influence on their behaviour. The objective of this empirical study was to analyse the relationship between physical and verbal aggression of sons and daughters and parenting style practiced by the father and the mother. The sample consisted of 2,788 students, aged 10 to 15 years, studying either the third cycle of Primary Education (44%) or the first cycle of Secondary Education (56%). Of them, 1,412 were boys (50.6%) and 1,375 were girls (49.3%).

Author(s): 
Tur-Porcar, Ana
Mestre, Vicenta
Samper, Paula
Malonda, Elisabeth
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: Up till now there have not been any publications about criminogenic factors in subgroups of sexually violent offenders detained by hospital order in the Netherlands. AIM: To perform an explorative study of criminogenic factors in 16 child abusers, 22 rapists and 59 non-sexually violent inpatients detained by hospital order. METHOD: For our study we used a risk taxation instrument, a psychopathy check-list, Implicit Association Tests and self-report questionnaires. RESULTS: The child abuser group and the rapist group did not differ with regard to the risk of recidivism.

Author(s): 
Hornsveld, R. H. J.
Gerritsma, C. H. S.
Kanters, T.
Zwets, A. J.
Roozen-Vlachos, S.
Publication Title: 
Feminism & Psychology
Author(s): 
Sethna, C.

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