Dominance-Subordination

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

This paper traces the transformation of narcissism, paralleling the transformations of object love, occurring between early and late adolescence. Narcissism is examined in terms of three lines of development: erotic self-love, omnipotence, and the regulations of self-esteem. The transition occurs relatively rapidly in most normal and psychoneurotic individuals and involves a massive reorganization of the psyche. The acquisition of a body image of an adult sort probably acts an organizer. A normal consequence is the first romantic love relationship.

Author(s): 
Spruiell, V.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

The Ryle Marital Patterns Test measures the affection and domination aspects of marriage. Its original administration illustrated a partial association between poor marital adjustment (as measured by low affection scores and non-egalitarian domination scores) and neuroticism (as measured by CMI score). The present paper confirms these associations using a group of suburban women defined as neurotic by their GP. Related studies suggest similar patterns.

Author(s): 
Ineichen, B.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Medical Psychology

Previous studies which have used the Marital Patterns Test (Ryle, 1966) have shown that although it has potential in several areas of research, some items of the test are suspect. The validity and internal reliability of several items on the affection scales had particularly been questioned. Internal consistency analysis was used to examine the affection and domination scales for 81 wives and 77 husbands. Resulting recommendations included the exclusion of three affection items, and one item from each of the husband and wife forms of the domination scale.

Author(s): 
Scott-Heyes, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Homosexuality

A group of transsexual and homosexual men was examined using the Leary Test as a psycho-sociogram, and findings were compared to those from a group of heterosexual men. It was found that the fathers of homosexuals and transsexuals were more hostile and less dominant than the fathers of the control group and hence less desirable identification models. The average mothers of transsexuals were close to the ideal person in our culture, e.g., dominant, strong and kindly, and thus an imposing identification model.

Author(s): 
SÌpov·, I.
Brzek, A.
Publication Title: 
Community Mental Health Journal

This paper describes one variation in the battering phenomenon which was initially observed among low-income women. The strategies of coercion and deception utilized by the abusive male in these relationships are described and compared with similar strategies of "mind control" utilized in more traditional "cultic" systems. The debilitating effects of these techniques on the battered female are described, as is the battering male's own separation reaction, and the probable dynamics of the men and women involved in this pathological family system.

Author(s): 
Boulette, T. R.
Andersen, S. M.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science

This study concerns 250 marriages of 40-49 year-old women from a psychiatric patient and general population series. Psychiatric patients' marriages involved less exchange of affection, were husband-dominated, and were of poor quality. In general population marriages, poor quality was related to wife domination. Affection given (AG) and affection received (AR) scores were significantly associated, being high in good marriages and low in bad ones. Zero or near-zero domination was associated with high AG and AR scores and with good quality marriages.

Author(s): 
Birtchnell, J.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Psychotherapy

This clinical paper develops an interpersonal theory of the therapist-patient relationship when boundaries are violated. It describes a clinically useful way to define boundary transgressions. A variety of mutually created dialectical paradigms interact with the therapist's psychopathology when, for various reasons, the therapist who is fully ethically responsible cannot see what is happening. The role of burgeoning aggression, dominance/ submission interplay, envy, and erotized countertransference is explored as forces leading to sexual and nonsexual exploitation of patients.

Author(s): 
Twemlow, S. W.
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

This research examined roommate responses to dependent and self-critical personality styles in the hope of finding individuals for whom rejection may be more likely. Interpersonal traits associated with dependency and self-criticism along the love and dominance axes of the Circumplex also were investigated to clarify patterns contributing to roommate rejection. Both dependents and self-critics were more depressed throughout the year. Dependents, however, were perceived as more submissive and loving and were better accepted by roommates.

Author(s): 
Mongrain, Myriam
Lubbers, Ralph
Struthers, Ward
Publication Title: 
MMW Fortschritte der Medizin

The term stalking describes a pattern of behavior in which the victim is pursued, pestered and threatened. In many cases, the stalker resorts to physical violence, and may even commit murder. In the German-speaking areas, the phenomenon is to date not much discussed in the psychiatric and psychological literature, despite the fact that it is a widespread occurrence. While stalkers are diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia and/or narcissistic as well as borderline disorders, victims have no typical "victim personality".

Author(s): 
Schneider, C.
Tress, W.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Adolescence

Previous research on adolescent romantic relationships has been largely based on self-reports and interview data; as a result, relatively little is known about the interpersonal-behavioral dynamics of adolescent couples. In an attempt to address this gap in the previous literature on young couples, the present study used observational methods to differentiate between healthy and dysfunctional adolescent romantic relationships.

Author(s): 
Florsheim, Paul
Moore, David R.

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