Drug Carriers

Publication Title: 
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Sol/gel-derived silica gel was prepared at room temperature from tetraethyl orthosilicate precursor. The extracts of Terminalia chebula (Haritoki) were entrapped into the porous silica gel. Fourier transform infrared analysis revealed the proper adsorption of herbal values in the nanopores of the silica gel. Porosity was estimated by transmission electron microscope studies. The release kinetics of the extract in both 0.1 N HCl, pH 1.2, and Phosphate-buffer saline (PBS), pH 7.2, were determined using UV-Vis spectroscopy.

Author(s): 
Chakraborty, Suparna
Mitra, Manoj Kumar
Chaudhuri, Mahua Ghosh
Sa, Biswanath
Das, Satadal
Dey, Rajib
Publication Title: 
Anticancer Research

Particulate drug carriers offer unique opportunities to improve tumor therapy through several different mechanisms. Liposomes may (1) assist in formulation of poorly-soluble therapeutic agents, (2) provide a slow-release vehicle to achieve pharmacokinetic profiles that maximize the therapeutic index, or (3) behave as long-circulating nano-particulates that can extravasate in the hyperpermeable regions of tumor vasculature. For paclitaxel, liposomes provide an aid to formulation.

Author(s): 
Straubinger, Robert M.
Arnold, Robert D.
Zhou, Rong
Mazurchuk, Richard
Slack, Jeanine E.
Publication Title: 
Archivum Immunologiae Et Therapiae Experimentalis

Vasculature is essential for the sustained growth of solid tumors and metastases. Tumor cells surviving vascular-disruptive therapeutic intervention (especially those present at the tumor rim) can contribute to tumor regrowth. The aim was to strengthen, by carrier-mediated delivery of a chemotherapeutic, the curative effects of a bifunctional anti-vascular oligopeptide capable of inducing vascular shutdown and tumor shrinkage. For the in vitro experiments and animal therapy, ACDCRGDCFC-GG-(D)(KLAKLAK)(2) peptide (900 microM in D-PBSA, i.e.

Author(s): 
Sochanik, Aleksander
Mitrus, Iwona
Smolarczyk, Ryszard
Cicho?, Tomasz
Snietura, Miros?aw
Czaja, Maria
Szala, Stanis?aw
Publication Title: 
The AAPS journal

Liposomes, phospholipid vesicles with a bilayered membrane structure, have been widely used as pharmaceutical carriers for drugs and genes, in particular for treatment of cancer.

Author(s): 
Sawant, Rupa R.
Torchilin, Vladimir P.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The purpose of the present study was to characterize the partitioning of artemisinin into both uninfected and Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (RBCs). The partitioning of [(14)C](+)-artemisinin into RBCs was studied at four different hematocrit levels and eight time periods. At the optimum time of 2 h, the partitioning process was investigated with eight different drug concentrations ranging from 0.88 to 3.52 microM at 37 and 4 degrees C. The effect of the presence of unlabeled artemisinin on the partitioning of the same concentration of [(14)C]artemisinin was studied.

Author(s): 
Vyas, Nehal
Avery, Bonnie A.
Avery, Mitchell A.
Wyandt, Christy M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: With the current snags from the use of Artemisinin - combination therapies (ACTs) in malaria treatment in addition to fear of cross- resistance to unrelated drugs, raising the immunocompetence of individuals in malaria endemic areas by vaccination is the best approach to malaria - free world. METHODS: Water - soluble cationic derivative, N, N, N- trimethylchitosan (TMC) was synthesized from chitosan.

Author(s): 
Nnamani, P. O.
Scoles, G.
Kröl, S.
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The in vitro antimalarial activities of artemisone and artemisone entrapped in Pheroid vesicles were compared, as was their ability to induce dormancy in Plasmodium falciparum. There was no increase in the activity of artemisone entrapped in Pheroid vesicles against multidrug-resistant P. falciparum lines. Artemisone induced the formation of dormant ring stages similar to dihydroartemisinin. Thus, the Pheroid delivery system neither improved the activity of artemisone nor prevented the induction of dormant rings.

Author(s): 
Grobler, Lizette
Chavchich, Marina
Haynes, Richard K.
Edstein, Michael D.
Grobler, Anne F.
Publication Title: 
Parasite (Paris, France)

Over the past six decades, the drug resistance of Plasmodium falciparum has become an issue of utmost concern. Despite the remarkable progress that has been made in recent years in reducing the mortality rate to about 30% with the scaling-up of vector control, introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapies and other malaria control strategies, the confirmation of artemisinin resistance on the Cambodia-Thailand border threatened all the previous success.

Author(s): 
Sinha, Shweta
Medhi, Bikash
Sehgal, Rakesh
Publication Title: 
Therapeutic Delivery

The Institute of Holistic Medical Sciences (IHMS), Kottayam, Kerala, India, the Institute of Macromolecular Science and Engineering (IMSE), Kottayam, Kerala, India and Mathew Ayurveda und Venen Klinik (MUVK), Klagenfurt, Austria, have jointly conducted a 3-day world conference on nanomedicine and drug delivery (WCN 2010) in Kottayam, Kerala, India from 16-18 April 2010. Nanomedicine is defined as the application of nanotechnology to achieve breakthroughs in healthcare. It exploits the improved and often novel physical, chemical and biological properties of materials at the nanometer scale.

Author(s): 
Elias, Eldho
Thomas, Sabu
George, Anne
Sebastian, Mathew
Publication Title: 
Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy

Classical antineoplastic therapeutic modalities such as surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy not only fail to cure the great majority of neoplasms, but their employment often leads to severe and debilitating side effects associated with severe neoplasm-related morbidity. Immunotherapy as a fourth modality of anti-cancer therapy has already been proven to be quite effective.

Author(s): 
Bodey, B.

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