Drug Industry

Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

The pharmaceutical industry's wide range of interactions with physicians, trainees, and other medical professionals--interactions that include information transfer and financial incentives--has been the source of undue influences, especially on physicians' prescription behavior. Current literature has mainly been focused on the financial element of these influences, and the problems in medical professional-pharmaceutical industry interactions are mainly viewed in terms of conflicts of interest.

Author(s): 
Ahmadi Nasab Emran, Shahram
Publication Title: 
Forschende Komplementarmedizin (2006)

Though homeopathy has been in successful and continuous use for well over 200 years, in the United Kingdom it is under growing pressure, from scientific detractors and sections of the media. As such, homeopathy's free National Health Service provision is threatened because it is derided as 'unproven', 'unscientific', and even 'deadly'. While refuting these and other detractions, this paper considers possible reasons for the current plight of homeopathy UK.

Author(s): 
Milgrom, Lionel R.
Publication Title: 
Nature
Author(s): 
Spinney, Laura
Publication Title: 
Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology

American Elapid snakes (Coral Snakes) comprise the genera Leptomicrurus, Micruroides and Micrurus, which form a vast taxonomic assembly of 330 species distributed from the South of United States to the southern region of South America. In order to obtain venom for animal immunizations aimed at antivenom production, Coral Snakes must be kept in captivity and submitted periodically to venom extraction procedures. Thus, to maintain a snake colony in good health for this purpose, a complete alternative diet utilizing an easily obtained prey animal is desirable.

Author(s): 
ChacÛn, Danilo
RodrÌguez, Santos
Arias, JazmÌn
Solano, Gabriela
Bonilla, Fabi·n
GÛmez, AarÛn
Publication Title: 
Origins

A conflict of interest in scientific and medical research "between the investigation and correct treatment of illness ... and the financial objective of making a profit" was addressed in a papal message to an April 5-6 international conference on conflicts of interest in science and medicine sponsored by the Polish Academy of Sciences. The Vatican released the papal message April 11, which was addressed as a letter to Archbishop Jozef Kowalczyk, apostolic nuncio to Poland.

Author(s): 
Pope John Paul II, null
Publication Title: 
Yakushigaku Zasshi

Hajime Hoshi was the founder of Hoshi Pharmaceutical Company and Hoshi University. He made one of the biggest pharmaceutical companies in Japan in the early 20th century, and furthermore was a journalist, member of the Diet, educator, and also a writer. With such a checkered career, he had an attractive and invincible philosophy. As well as his most import philosophy "kindness first" described in the previous paper, "cooperation first" also had weight in his thought.

Author(s): 
Misawa, M.
Publication Title: 
Yakushigaku Zasshi

Hajime Hoshi was the founder of Hoshi Pharmaceutical Company and Hoshi University. He made one of the biggest pharmaceutical companies in Japan in the early 20th century, and furthermore was a journalist, member of the Diet, educator, and also a writer. With such a checkered career, he had an attractive and invincible philosophy. As well as his most import philosophy "kindness first" described in the previous paper, "cooperation first" also had weight in his thought.

Author(s): 
Misawa, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

The pharmaceutical industry has undergone a vast expansion in the 20th and 21st centuries. This article explores the central role now played by pills in clinical practice, but also in the public imagination. First, this article analyzes four properties that, together, account for many of the promises and perils associated with pills: They are ingestible, potent, reproducible, and miniaturized. This allows them to serve as ideal consumer items for widespread distribution and sale and also as model technological "devices" capable of downloading into the body healing chemicals.

Author(s): 
Leder, Drew
Krucoff, Mitchell W.
Publication Title: 
Medicine and Law

In this article we will examine the relation between physicians and (representatives of) the pharmaceutical industry. More in particular we want to discuss the appropriateness of some of the gifts that are given to physicians by companies in the pharmaceutical (and medical equipment) industry, since there has been growing concern about the potential negative consequences of these so-called 'gift-giving practices'.

Author(s): 
Desmet, Christophe
Publication Title: 
Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

Concern about the ethics of clinical drug trials research on patients and healthy volunteers has been the subject of significant ethical analysis and policy development--protocols are reviewed by Research Ethics Committees and subjects are protected by informed consent procedures. More recently attention has begun to be focused on DNA banking for clinical and pharmacogenetics research.

Author(s): 
Corrigan, Oonagh P.
Williams-Jones, Bryn

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