Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial

Publication Title: 
Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology

In search of broad-spectrum antibacterial activity from traditionally used Indian medicinal plants, 66 ethanolic plant extracts were screened against nine different bacteria. Of these, 39 extracts demonstrated activity against six or more test bacteria. Twelve extracts showing broad-spectrum activity were tested against specific multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESbetaL)-producing enteric bacteria.

Author(s): 
Aqil, F.
Ahmad, I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Natural Medicines

Antibacterial activity of hot aqueous and methanolic extracts prepared from six plants (Terminallia chebula, Terminallia bellerica, Phyllanthus emblica, Punica granatum, Lawsonia alba and Mikania micrantha) used in traditional folk medicines of India were screened against five pathogenic bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus MTCC 2940, Bacillus subtilis MTCC 441, Escherichia coli MTCC 739, Proteus vulgaris MTCC 426 and Enterobacter aerogenes MTCC 111). The highest antibacterial potentiality was exhibited by the methanolic leaf extract of T. chebula, followed by the aqueous fruit extract of T.

Author(s): 
Ghosh, Anupam
Das, Bidus Kanti
Roy, Arup
Mandal, Biplab
Chandra, Goutam
Publication Title: 
PloS One

The number of fully active antibiotic options that treat nosocomial infections due to multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) is extremely limited. Magnolia officinalis, Mahonia bealei, Rabdosia rubescens, Rosa rugosa, Rubus chingii, Scutellaria baicalensis, and Terminalia chebula plant extracts were previously shown to have growth inhibitory activity against a multidrug-resistant clinical strain of A. baumannii.

Author(s): 
Miyasaki, Yoko
Rabenstein, John D.
Rhea, Joshua
Crouch, Marie-Laure
Mocek, Ulla M.
Kittell, Patricia Emmett
Morgan, Margie A.
Nichols, Wesley Stephen
Van Benschoten, M. M.
Hardy, William David
Liu, George Y.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Microbiology

AIMS: In this study, an attempt has been made to isolate and identify the bioactive compounds from hydroalcoholic extract of Terminalia chebula fruits effective against multidrug-resistant uropathogens and also to elucidate the influence of metal ions on the growth inhibitory activity of isolated compounds against the studied bacteria, if any. METHODS AND RESULTS: Bioassay-guided fractionation and extensive spectrometric analyses (FT-IR, (1) H NMR, (13) C NMR and ESI-MS) were used to isolate and characterize the bioactive compound.

Author(s): 
Bag, A.
Bhattacharyya, S. K.
Chattopadhyay, R. R.
Publication Title: 
Natural Product Research

This study was carried out to evaluate the possible efflux-pump inhibitory activity of a gallotannin 1,2,6-tri-O-galloyl-?-D-glucopyranose isolated from Terminalia chebula fruit against multidrug-resistant (MDR) uropathogenic Escherichia coli. Susceptibility tests of antibiotics and ethidium bromide in the presence and absence of isolated gallotannin and phenylalanine-arginine ?-naphthylamide (PA?N) were conducted by using the microbroth dilution assay.

Author(s): 
Bag, Anwesa
Chattopadhyay, Rabi Ranjan
Publication Title: 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

The antimalarial drug artemisinin from Artemisia annua demonstrated remarkably strong activity against Helicobacter pylori, the pathogen responsible for peptic ulcer diseases. In an effort to develop a novel antimicrobial chemotherapeutic agent containing such a sesquiterpene lactone endoperoxide, a series of analogues (2 natural and 15 semisynthetic molecules), including eight newly synthesized compounds, were investigated against clinical and standard strains of H. pylori. The antimicrobial spectrum against 10 H.

Author(s): 
Goswami, Suchandra
Bhakuni, Rajendra S.
Chinniah, Annalakshmi
Pal, Anirban
Kar, Sudip K.
Das, Pratap K.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Applied Microbiology

In the present scenario, pharmaceutical and biomedical sectors are facing the challenges of continuous increase in the multidrug-resistant (MDR) human pathogenic microbes. Re-emergence of MDR microbes is facilitated by drug and/or antibiotic resistance, which is acquired way of microbes for their survival and multiplication in uncomfortable environments. MDR bacterial infections lead to significant increase in mortality, morbidity and cost of prolonged treatments.

Author(s): 
Rai, M. K.
Deshmukh, S. D.
Ingle, A. P.
Gade, A. K.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

OBJECTIVES: The capacity to properly address the worldwide incidence of infectious diseases lies in the ability to detect, prevent and effectively treat these infections. Therefore, identifying and analysing inhibitory agents are worthwhile endeavours in an era when few new classes of effective antimicrobials have been developed.

Author(s): 
Haydel, Shelley E.
Remenih, Christine M.
Williams, Lynda B.
Publication Title: 
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland)

Protostane triterpenes belong to a group of tetracyclic triterpene that exhibit unique structural characteristics. Their natural distribution is primarily limited to the genus Alisma of the Alismataceae family, but they have also been occasionally found in other plant genera such as Lobelia, Garcinia, and Leucas. To date, there are 59 known protostane structures.

Author(s): 
Zhao, Ming
Gödecke, Tanja
Gunn, Jordan
Duan, Jin-Ao
Che, Chun-Tao
Publication Title: 
Homeopathy: The Journal of the Faculty of Homeopathy

BACKGROUND: Multi drug resistant-tuberculosis (MDR-TB) [resistant to Isoniazid and Rifampicin] is a major global public health problem. In India the incidence is rising in spite of implementation of Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program. Standard MDR-TB drugs are second generation antibiotics taken for 24-27 months. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of add on homeopathic intervention to the standard MDR-TB regimen (SR). METHODS: A randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted from 2003 to 2008.

Author(s): 
Chand, Kusum S.
Manchanda, Raj K.
Mittal, Renu
Batra, Sudhir
Banavaliker, Jayant N.
De, Indra

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