Ducks

Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Influenza is a highly infectious viral disease that is particularly common in the winter months. Oscillococcinum® is a patented homeopathic medicine that is made from a 1% solution of wild duck heart and liver extract, which is then serially diluted 200 times with water and alcohol. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether homeopathic Oscillococcinum® is more effective than placebo in the prevention and/or treatment of influenza and influenza-like illness in adults or children.

Author(s): 
Mathie, Robert T.
Frye, Joyce
Fisher, Peter
Publication Title: 
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita

The use of a complementary medicine approach, and specifically of the popular medicine Oscillococcinum, for the treatment of influenza-like syndromes remains controversial. This brief paper analyses the currently available literature on this homeopathic preparation and the Cochrane Collaboration's 2006 systematic review, along with other recent studies, in order to clarify certain fundamental aspects of its use in the treatment of influenza.

Author(s): 
Marrari, Luigi Alberto
Terzan, Laurence
Chaufferin, Gilles
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: The herb formulation Deva-5 is used in traditional medicine to treat acute infectious diseases. Deva-5 is composed of five herbs: Gentiana decumbens L., Momordica cochinchinensis L., Hypecoum erectum L., Polygonum bistorta L., and Terminalia chebula Retz. Deva-5 and its five components were investigated for in vitro antiviral activity against avian influenza A virus subtype H3N8. METHODS: The water extracts of the herbal parts of G. decumbens, H. erectum and P. bistorta, the seeds of T. chebula and M.

Author(s): 
Oyuntsetseg, Namsrai
Khasnatinov, Maxim A.
Molor-Erdene, Perenlei
Oyunbileg, Janchiv
Liapunov, Aleksander V.
Danchinova, Galina A.
Oldokh, Sanduijav
Baigalmaa, Jigden
Chimedragchaa, Chimedtseren
Publication Title: 
No to Hattatsu. Brain and Development

We studied the development of the brain of ducklings and rat pups. The results of the experiments highlighted the essential importance of nurturing human brains: 1. Human relationship and communication are essential factors for survival. 2. New-born babies are tightly linked to signals from their mothers and surroundings, which are converted into the information for survival in their later development. 3. The brain is self-organized according to two genetically determined principles: output-driven operation and memory-based architecture.

Author(s): 
Matsumoto, Gen
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi = Chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ecological habit and characteristics of Trichobilharzia cercariae in the Huaihe river system. METHODS: During June of 2002-May of 2003, Radix auricularia snails were collected monthly in Yaohe Fishery of the branch of the Huaihe River. The cercariae, released from the positive snails and collected by Shade Drop Bottle, were examined by direct press. Ducklings were infected by cercariae with different ages and examined for the infection by miracidia hatching method. RESULTS: The results showed a typical seasonal fluctuation in infection rate of the snails, i.e.

Author(s): 
Sheng, Si-chun
Qin, Zhi-hui
Zhang, Min-qun
Tai, Yan
Ni, Shi-gang
Wen, Ji-yue
Publication Title: 
Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Author(s): 
Sá, Cátia
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