Dyslipidemias

Publication Title: 
Lipids in Health and Disease

BACKGROUND: The -493G/T polymorphism in the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) gene is associated with lower serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) levels and longevity in several populations, but the results are inconsistent in different racial/ethnic groups. The current study was to investigate the plausible association of MTP -493G/T polymorphism with serum lipid levels and longevity in Zhuang long-lived families residing in Bama area, a famous home of longevity in Guangxi, China.

Author(s): 
Pan, Shang-Ling
Luo, Xiao-Qiu
Lu, Ze-Ping
Lu, Shao-Hua
Luo, Huan
Liu, Cheng-Wu
Hu, Cai-You
Yang, Ming
Du, Li-Li
Song, Zhen
Pang, Guo-Fang
Wu, Hua-Yu
Huang, Jin-Bo
Peng, Jun-hua
Yin, Rui-Xing
Publication Title: 
Biomedical and environmental sciences: BES

Major and profound changes have taken place in China over the past 30 years. Rapid socioeconomic progress has exerted a great impact on lifestyle, ranging from food, clothing, working and living conditions, and means of transportation to leisure activities and entertainment. At the same time, new health problems have emerged, and health services are facing new challenges. Presently, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are among the top health problems of the Chinese people, and pose a serious challenge to all engaged in the prevention and control of these diseases.

Author(s): 
Hu, Sheng Shou
Kong, Ling Zhi
Gao, Run Lin
Zhu, Man Lu
Wang, Wen
Wang, Yong Jun
Wu, Zhao Su
Chen, Wei Wei
Liu, Ming Bo
Editorial Board
Publication Title: 
Nature

Adiponectin secreted from adipocytes binds to adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, and exerts antidiabetic effects via activation of AMPK and PPAR-? pathways, respectively. Levels of adiponectin in plasma are reduced in obesity, which causes insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Thus, orally active small molecules that bind to and activate AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 could ameliorate obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes. Here we report the identification of orally active synthetic small-molecule AdipoR agonists.

Author(s): 
Okada-Iwabu, Miki
Yamauchi, Toshimasa
Iwabu, Masato
Honma, Teruki
Hamagami, Ken-ichi
Matsuda, Koichi
Yamaguchi, Mamiko
Tanabe, Hiroaki
Kimura-Someya, Tomomi
Shirouzu, Mikako
Ogata, Hitomi
Tokuyama, Kumpei
Ueki, Kohjiro
Nagano, Tetsuo
Tanaka, Akiko
Yokoyama, Shigeyuki
Kadowaki, Takashi
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa (Kalonji) seed in capsules on serum lipid levels, blood sugar, blood pressure, and body weight in adults. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized, double-blind trial.

Author(s): 
Qidwai, Waris
Hamza, Hasan Bin
Qureshi, Riaz
Gilani, Anwar
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

In India, Azadirachta indica is typically known as 'neem tree' and its leaves has long been used in the ayurvedic medical tradition as a treatment for diabetes mellitus. In-depth chromatographic investigation on chloroform extract resulted in identification of one new tetranortriterpenoid. Structural elucidation was established on the basis of spectral data as 24,25,26,27-tetranor-apotirucalla-(apoeupha)-1α-senecioyloxy-3α,7α-dihydroxy-14,20,22-trien-21,23-epoxy named by us as meliacinolin (1).

Author(s): 
Perez-Gutierrez, Rosa Martha
Damian-Guzman, Monica
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: The seed extracts from Nigella sativa is used by Unani physicians of traditional medicine (Hakims or Tabibs) and Ayurvedic practitioners (Vaids) in the treatment of several medical disorders including dyslipidemia, obesity, and hypertension. It is, therefore, important to prove or disprove the effectiveness, safety, and tolerability of powdered N. sativa (Kalonji) seed in capsules on serum lipid levels, blood sugar, blood pressure, and body weight in adults. DESIGN: The study design was a randomized, double-blind trial.

Author(s): 
Qidwai, Waris
Hamza, Hasan Bin
Qureshi, Riaz
Gilani, Anwar
Publication Title: 
Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin

In India, Azadirachta indica is typically known as 'neem tree' and its leaves has long been used in the ayurvedic medical tradition as a treatment for diabetes mellitus. In-depth chromatographic investigation on chloroform extract resulted in identification of one new tetranortriterpenoid. Structural elucidation was established on the basis of spectral data as 24,25,26,27-tetranor-apotirucalla-(apoeupha)-1α-senecioyloxy-3α,7α-dihydroxy-14,20,22-trien-21,23-epoxy named by us as meliacinolin (1).

Author(s): 
Perez-Gutierrez, Rosa Martha
Damian-Guzman, Monica
Publication Title: 
Indian Heart Journal

OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of yoga in the management of dyslipidemia in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This randomized parallel study was carried out in Medical College Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Hundred type 2 diabetics with dyslipidemia were randomized into control and yoga groups. The control group was prescribed oral hypoglycemic drugs. The yoga group practiced yoga daily for 1 h duration along with oral hypoglycemic drugs for 3 months.

Author(s): 
Shantakumari, Nisha
Sequeira, Shiefa
El deeb, Rasha
Publication Title: 
Indian Heart Journal

OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of yoga in the management of dyslipidemia in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This randomized parallel study was carried out in Medical College Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Hundred type 2 diabetics with dyslipidemia were randomized into control and yoga groups. The control group was prescribed oral hypoglycemic drugs. The yoga group practiced yoga daily for 1 h duration along with oral hypoglycemic drugs for 3 months.

Author(s): 
Shantakumari, Nisha
Sequeira, Shiefa
El deeb, Rasha
Publication Title: 
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America

Changes in fat distribution, dyslipidemia, disordered glucose metabolism, and lactic acidosis have emerged as significant challenges to the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Over the past decade, numerous investigations have been conducted to better define these conditions, identify risk factors associated with their development, and test potential therapeutic interventions.

Author(s): 
Wohl, D. A.
McComsey, G.
Tebas, P.
Brown, T. T.
Glesby, M. J.
Reeds, D.
Shikuma, C.
Mulligan, K.
Dube, M.
Wininger, D.
Huang, J.
Revuelta, M.
Currier, J.
Swindells, S.
Fichtenbaum, C.
Basar, M.
Tungsiripat, M.
Meyer, W.
Weihe, J.
Wanke, C.

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