Dyspnea

Publication Title: 
BMC pulmonary medicine

BACKGROUND: This paper reviews evidence and quality of Systematic Reviews (SRs) on the effects of breathing control exercises (BCEs) and respiratory muscle training (RMT) on breathlessness/dyspnea and other symptoms, and quality of life (QOL) for individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: A search for BCE and RMT literature in COPD published between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2013 was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Ovid, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, Cochrane and PEDro. The AMSTAR criteria were used to evaluate quality.

Author(s): 
Borge, Christine Råheim
Hagen, Kåre Birger
Mengshoel, Anne Marit
Omenaas, Ernst
Moum, Torbjørn
Wahl, Astrid Klopstad
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Nursing

Many children's nurses have significant contact with children who have breathing difficulties and should be using systematic criteria to assess their nursing needs. Children's nurses do not appear to follow systematic criteria but are strongly influenced by the medical model and this may be detrimental to holistic assessment and the development of nursing diagnoses based on nursing needs.

Author(s): 
Armitage, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

To review the evidence for efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities in treating pain, dyspnea, and nausea and vomiting in patients near the end of life, original articles were evaluated following a search through MEDLINE, CancerLIT, AIDSLINE, PsycLIT, CINAHL, and Social Work Abstracts databases. Search terms included alternative medicine, palliative care, pain, dyspnea, and nausea. Two independent reviewers extracted data, including study design, subjects, sample size, age, response rate, CAM modality, and outcomes.

Author(s): 
Pan, C. X.
Morrison, R. S.
Ness, J.
Fugh-Berman, A.
Leipzig, R. M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

Criteria for therapeutic efficacy and safety include significant amelioration of symptoms and, ideally, cure (i.e., patients' belief in effective improvement of symptoms and quality of life, durable impact on symptoms, verifiable subjective and objective changes); improved patient management (e.g., diminishing, or ceasing medication, physiotherapy, and other interventions); safety for patient and practitioner and an acceptable side effect profile; cost-effectiveness of the therapy in practice and to teach to others.

Author(s): 
Jobst, K. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

To review the evidence for efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities in treating pain, dyspnea, and nausea and vomiting in patients near the end of life, original articles were evaluated following a search through MEDLINE, CancerLIT, AIDSLINE, PsycLIT, CINAHL, and Social Work Abstracts databases. Search terms included alternative medicine, palliative care, pain, dyspnea, and nausea. Two independent reviewers extracted data, including study design, subjects, sample size, age, response rate, CAM modality, and outcomes.

Author(s): 
Pan, C. X.
Morrison, R. S.
Ness, J.
Fugh-Berman, A.
Leipzig, R. M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Breathlessness is a common and distressing symptom in the advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases. Appropriate management requires both pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effectiveness of non-pharmacological and non-invasive interventions to relieve breathlessness in participants suffering from the five most common conditions causing breathlessness in advanced disease.

Author(s): 
Bausewein, C.
Booth, S.
Gysels, M.
Higginson, I.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Dyspnea is one of the most distressing symptoms experienced by terminally ill cancer patients. This study aimed to evaluate the role of interventions for the palliation of dyspnea. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials assessing all pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions for dyspnea palliation in cancer patients, and searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, conference proceedings, and references. Two reviewers independently appraised the quality of trials and extracted data. RESULTS: Our search yielded 18 trials.

Author(s): 
Ben-Aharon, Irit
Gafter-Gvili, Anat
Paul, Mical
Leibovici, Leonard
Stemmer, Salomon M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

PURPOSE: Dyspnea is one of the most distressing symptoms experienced by terminally ill cancer patients. This study aimed to evaluate the role of interventions for the palliation of dyspnea. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials assessing all pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions for dyspnea palliation in cancer patients, and searched the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, conference proceedings, and references. Two reviewers independently appraised the quality of trials and extracted data. RESULTS: Our search yielded 18 trials.

Author(s): 
Ben-Aharon, Irit
Gafter-Gvili, Anat
Paul, Mical
Leibovici, Leonard
Stemmer, Salomon M.
Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Acupuncture and related therapies such as moxibustion and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation are often used to manage cancer-related symptoms, but their effectiveness and safety are controversial. We conducted this overview to summarise the evidence on acupuncture for palliative care of cancer. Our systematic review synthesised the results from clinical trials of patients with any type of cancer. The methodological quality of the 23 systematic reviews in this overview, assessed using the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews Instrument, was found to be satisfactory.

Author(s): 
Wu, Xinyin
Chung, Vincent C. H.
Hui, Edwin P.
Ziea, Eric T. C.
Ng, Bacon F. L.
Ho, Robin S. T.
Tsoi, Kelvin K. F.
Wong, Samuel Y. S.
Wu, Justin C. Y.
Publication Title: 
Psychosomatic Medicine
Author(s): 
Kehoe, M.
Ironside, W.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Dyspnea