Earthquakes

Publication Title: 
Trauma, Violence & Abuse

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) widely occurs among victims or witness of disasters. With flashbacks, hyperarousal, and avoidance being the typical symptoms, PTSD became a focus of psychological research. The earthquake in Wenchuan, China, on May 12, 2008, was without precedent in magnitude and aftermath and caused huge damage, which drew scientists' attention to mental health of the survivors.

Author(s): 
Hong, Chunlan
Efferth, Thomas
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traumatic Stress

Understanding posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in police first-responders is an underdeveloped field. Using a cross-sectional survey, this study investigated demographic and occupational characteristics, coping resources and processes, along with first-responder roles and consequences 18 months following a disaster. Hierarchical linear regression (N = 576) showed that greater symptom levels were significantly positively associated with negative emotional coping (? = .31), a communications role (? = .08) and distress following exposure to resource losses (?

Author(s): 
Surgenor, Lois J.
Snell, Deborah L.
Dorahy, Martin J.
Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Haitian women are twice as likely as men to have HIV/AIDs. Factors underlying the feminization of HIV are complex. Self-esteem is an important correlate of sexual behavior. However, its meaning and impact on health behaviors may be influenced by cultural factors. This qualitative study took place in Haiti 4 months after the 2010 earthquake and examines the meaning of self-esteem among young Haitian women seeking treatment for a recurrent sexually transmitted infection (STI).

Author(s): 
Severe, Linda
Fitzgerald, Daniel W.
Deschamps, Marie M.
Reif, Lindsey
Post, Kendall
Johnson, Warren D.
Pape, Jean W.
Boutin-Foster, Carla
Publication Title: 
Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi = Psychiatria Et Neurologia Japonica

Immediately after the 3.11 Earthquake and Fukushima Dai-Ichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident, 5 hospitals with psychiatric beds within a 30-km radius of the nuclear power plant were ordered to move their inpatients to other hospitals outside the 30-km zone. As a result, more than 800 inpatients in total were transferred to other hospitals within or outside Fukushima Prefecture, and the 5 hospitals were closed. In addition, 3 psychiatric clinics within the 30-km radius stopped operating temporarily.

Author(s): 
Niwa, Shin-Ichi
Publication Title: 
Psychological Science

Altruism is thought to be a major contributor to the development of large-scale human societies. However, much of the evidence supporting this belief comes from individuals living in pacific and often affluent environments. It is entirely unknown whether humans act altruistically when facing adversity. Adversity is arguably a common human experience (as manifested in, e.g., personal tragedies, political upheavals, and natural disasters). In the research reported here, we found that experiencing a natural disaster affected children's altruistic giving.

Author(s): 
Li, Yiyuan
Li, Hong
Decety, Jean
Lee, Kang
Publication Title: 
PloS One

People perceive, judge, and behave differently in disasters and in a wide range of other difficult situations depending on their personal characteristics. The power to live, as captured by characteristics that are advantageous for survival in such situations, has thus far been modeled in arbitrary ways. Conceptualizing such characteristics in more objective ways may be helpful for systematic preparations for future disasters and life difficulties.

Author(s): 
Sugiura, Motoaki
Sato, Shosuke
Nouchi, Rui
Honda, Akio
Abe, Tsuneyuki
Muramoto, Toshiaki
Imamura, Fumihiko
Publication Title: 
Qualitative Health Research

In new-paradigm research, empathic witnessing by the researcher might create within the researcher-participant relationship a space for participants to share and transcend their suffering. I explore this theme through the constructionist grounded theory analysis of interviews, fieldnotes, and my self-reflexive commentary from an original study conducted to understand the experiences of suffering and healing among the survivors of an earthquake that occurred in India in 2001.

Author(s): 
Kumar Ravi Priya, null
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology

Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world, consisting of five main islands and 17,500 smaller islands, spread across three seismic belts that run throughout the country. Indonesia is extremely prone to disasters, both natural and manmade. With a total population of nearly 250 million people, Indonesia's Muslim community exceeds 180 million - the largest Muslim population in the world. On December 26, 2004 an earthquake and tsunami hit Aceh resulting in an estimated 165,00 deaths (mostly Muslims) and half a million people displaced.

Author(s): 
Sahelangi, P.
Novita, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine = Chung I Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan / Sponsored by All-China Association of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To study the curative effect of acupoint stimulation on the earthquake-caused post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The 91 PTSD patients in Wenchuan hit by a strong earthquake were randomly divided into a control group of 24 cases treated by the cognitive-behavior therapy, and a treatment group of 67 cases treated by both cognitive-behavior therapy and acupoint stimulation.

Author(s): 
Zhang, Ying
Feng, Bin
Xie, Jian-Ping
Xu, Fang-Zhong
Chen, Jiong
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