Eating Disorders

Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association

BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is a serious psychiatric illness with limited evidenced-based treatment options. Mindfulness appears useful in many conditions, but few studies focus on its use in individuals with anorexia nervosa. OBJECTIVE: To examine and summarize studies of mindfulness in individuals with anorexia nervosa and identify areas for future research. DESIGN: An integrated review was conducted by searching health care computerized databases. RESULTS: Results were mixed among the eight studies that met inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Dunne, Julie
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

More than one-third of U.S. adults over the age of 20 years are classified as obese and nearly two-thirds are overweight or obese. The prevalence of obesity among U.S. children and adolescents has almost tripled since 1980, with 17% of all youth and children now considered obese. Nine million children aged 6-19 years are overweight, making obesity the largest health care threat facing today's children. Historically, the arsenal against obesity has been primarily focused on interventions that increase physical activity and decrease caloric intake.

Author(s): 
Godsey, Judi
Publication Title: 
Eating Behaviors

This systematic review critically appraises the role of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of those with an eating disorder. Sixteen studies were included in the review. The results of this review show that the role of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of those with an eating disorder is unclear and further studies should be conducted.

Author(s): 
Fogarty, Sarah
Smith, Caroline A.
Hay, Phillipa
Publication Title: 
Current Concepts in Nutrition
Author(s): 
Ross, M. H.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American College of Nutrition

Physicians and parents are very concerned about providing children with the best nutrition and optimal diets. The pursuit of better health is one of the prime reasons for individual food choices. Often the main determinant in selecting food is a desire for a healthful diet that will foster longevity and prevent the devastating consequences of chronic degenerative disease. However, unlike nutritional deficiencies, which undoubtedly afflict those who consume an inadequate diet, the underlying causes of these chronic disorders are complex and poorly understood.

Author(s): 
Lifshitz, F.
Publication Title: 
Harefuah

Vegetarianism in its various forms, is widely encountered in different societies all over the world; thus, combining nutritional, social, behavioral and psychological aspects. The prevalence of vegetarianism in the western world, as well as in Israel, is dealt with in this review. The extent of vegetarianism among young patients with eating disorders is much higher than in any other age group. Anorexia nervosa patients in Israel admit to be vegetarians in 85% (mean), as compared to 65% (mean) in other western countries.

Author(s): 
Aloufy, Aviva
Latzer, Yael
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and metabolic dysregulation are associated with markers of accelerated cellular aging, including reduced telomerase activity and shortened telomere length. We examined whether participation in a mindfulness-based intervention, and, secondarily, improvements in psychological distress, eating behavior, and metabolic factors are associated with increases in telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Author(s): 
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Hecht, Frederick M.
Kristeller, Jean
Maninger, Nicole
Kuwata, Margaret
Bacchetti, Peter
Havel, Peter J.
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and metabolic dysregulation are associated with markers of accelerated cellular aging, including reduced telomerase activity and shortened telomere length. We examined whether participation in a mindfulness-based intervention, and, secondarily, improvements in psychological distress, eating behavior, and metabolic factors are associated with increases in telomerase activity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).

Author(s): 
Daubenmier, Jennifer
Lin, Jue
Blackburn, Elizabeth
Hecht, Frederick M.
Kristeller, Jean
Maninger, Nicole
Kuwata, Margaret
Bacchetti, Peter
Havel, Peter J.
Epel, Elissa
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Eating Disorders

OBJECTIVE: Evidence associates anorexia nervosa (AN) with epigenetic alterations that could contribute to illness risk or entrenchment. We investigated the extent to which AN is associated with a distinct methylation profile compared to that seen in normal-eater women. METHOD: Genome-wide methylation profiles, obtained using DNA from whole blood, were determined in 29 women currently ill with AN (10 with AN-restrictive type, 19 with AN-binge/purge type) and 15 normal-weight, normal-eater control women, using 450 K Illumina bead arrays.

Author(s): 
Booij, Linda
Casey, Kevin F.
Antunes, Juliana M.
Szyf, Moshe
Joober, Ridha
IsraÎl, Mimi
Steiger, Howard
Publication Title: 
Human Brain Mapping

In anorexia nervosa, problems with social relationships contribute to illness, and improvements in social support are associated with recovery. Using the multiround trust game and 3T MRI, we compare neural responses in a social relationship in three groups of women: women with anorexia nervosa, women in long-term weight recovery from anorexia nervosa, and healthy comparison women. Surrogate markers related to social signals in the game were computed each round to assess whether the relationship was improving (benevolence) or deteriorating (malevolence) for each subject.

Author(s): 
McAdams, Carrie J.
Lohrenz, Terry
Montague, P. Read

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