Edema

Publication Title: 
International Journal of Tissue Reactions

Allergic rhinitis is an immunological disorder and an inflammatory response of nasal mucosal membranes. Allergic rhinitis, a state of hypersensitivity, occurs when the body overreacts to a substance such as pollens or dust. A novel, safe polyherbal formulation (Aller-7/NR-A2) has been developed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis using a unique combination of extracts from seven medicinal plants including Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica, Albizia lebbeck, Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinale and Piper longum.

Author(s): 
Pratibha, N.
Saxena, V. S.
Amit, A.
D'Souza, P.
Bagchi, M.
Bagchi, D.
Publication Title: 
Pharmaceutical Biology

CONTEXT: Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. Terminalia chebula Retz. (Combretaceae) fruit is mentioned in Ayurveda as useful in treating arthritic disorders. OBJECTIVE: This work was undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-lipid peroxidative and membrane-stabilizing effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Terminalia chebula fruits and also to establish a possible association between them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vivo anti-inflammatory activity of T. chebula fruit extract at different doses ranged from 50 to 500?mg/kg, p.o.

Author(s): 
Bag, Anwesa
Kumar Bhattacharyya, Subir
Kumar Pal, Nishith
Ranjan Chattopadhyay, Rabi
Publication Title: 
TheScientificWorldJournal

Touching is often a forgotten part of medicine. The manual medicine or therapeutic touch (TT) is much more powerful than many modern, biomedically oriented physicians think. Pain and discomfort can be alleviated just by touching the sick area and in this way help the patient to be in better contact with the tissue and organs of their body. Lack of presence in the body seems to be connected with many symptoms that can be readily reversed simply by sensitive touch.

Author(s): 
Ventegodt, S¯ren
Morad, Mohammed
Merrick, Joav
Publication Title: 
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica

In the central nervous system, ZM decreased locomotor activity and potentiated hypnosis of hexobarbital-Na in mice. ZM had little hypothermic action and there were no anticonvulsive effects on chemoconvulsion and electroconvulsion shock. ZM, 3 mg/kg i.v. produced a sleep-like pattern in the spontaneous EEG activity of cat; from 20 to 30 min. after injection, spindle burst-like waves (12-13 Hz) appeared in the cortex and subcortex. These EEG activities were antagonized by atropine sulfate.

Author(s): 
Suzuki, Y.
Kajiyama, K.
Taguchi, K.
Hagiwara, Y.
Imada, Y.
Publication Title: 
Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology

In male rats bearing carrageenan-induced paw edema twenty-four hours after treatment with carrageenan the duration of hexobarbital hypnosis was prolonged and the rate of hepatic hexobarbital metabolism was inhibited. By contrast, treatment with carrageenan potentiates zoxazolamine paralysis time and inhibits zoxazolamine metabolism in both male and female rats. Thus, sex-related differences in the rats bearing carrageenan-induced paw edema and inhibition of drug metabolism are apparently substrate dependent.

Author(s): 
Ishikawa, M.
Sasaki, K.
Yakayanagi, Y.
Sasaki, K.
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

As medical costs continue to escalate, there is willingness to consider the role played by nontraditional factors in health. We investigated the usefulness of tape-recorded hypnosis instruction on perioperative outcome in surgical patients in a prospective, randomized, and partially blinded study. Sixty patients scheduled for third molar surgery were studied. Patients were allocated to either an experimental group (E) or a control group (C).

Author(s): 
Ghoneim, M. M.
Block, R. I.
Sarasin, D. S.
Davis, C. S.
Marchman, J. N.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

The general pharmacological properties of YJA 20379-1 (2-amino-4,5-dihydro-8-phenylimidazo[2,1-b]thiazolo[4,5-g]benzo thi azole), a novel proton pump inhibitor with antiulcer activities, were investigated in mice, rats, guinea pig and rabbits. YJA 20379-1 at oral doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg did not affect the general behaviour, hexobarbital hypnosis, motor coordination and body temperature in mice. The drug does not have analgesic and anticonvulsant action at 200 mg/kg p.o. The locomotor activity was not affected at 100 mg/kg p.o., but at 200 mg/kg, the activity was suppressed.

Author(s): 
Lee, E. B.
Cho, S. I.
Cheon, S. A.
Chang, M. S.
Kim, K. B.
Sohn, S. K.
Chung, Y. K.
Publication Title: 
Arzneimittel-Forschung

The general pharmacological properties of YJA20379-8 (3-butyryl-4-[(R)-1-methylbenzylamino]-8-ethoxy-1,7-naphthyridine, CAS 187654-40-6), a new H+/K(+)-ATPase inhibitor with anti-ulcer activities, were investigated in mice, rats and guinea pigs. YJA20379-8 at oral doses of 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg did not affect the locomotor activity, hexobarbital hypnosis and motor coordination in mice. The drug did not have analgesic action and anticonvulsant action at the doses of 100 mg/kg p.o. The respiration and blood pressure were not affected at 10 mg/kg i.v. in rats.

Author(s): 
Lee, E. B.
Cho, S. I.
Chang, H. O.
Chang, M. S.
Kim, K. B.
Lee, S. B.
Choi, W. S.
Publication Title: 
Inflammopharmacology

The current study was aimed to evaluate Acacia modesta for analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-platelet activities. The analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects were assessed in rodents using acetic acid and formalin-induced nociception, hot plate and carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema tests. The intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of the methanolic extract (50 and 100 mg/kg) produced significant inhibition (P\0.01) of the acetic acid-induced writhing in mice and suppressed formalin-induced licking response of animals in both phases of the test.

Author(s): 
Bukhari, Ishfaq A.
Khan, Rafeeq A.
Gilani, Anwar H.
Ahmed, Sagheer
Saeed, Sheikh Arshad
Publication Title: 
Fogorvosi Szemle

The experience of pain and discomfort during orthodontic treatment is common. Pain is a subjective response to noxious stimuli, but it is also influenced by age, gender, previous pain experience, emotional factors and stress. The ortodontic treatments such as separation, placement of the arch wire, activation of the fix or removable appliances and debonding cause some degree of pain for the patient. In a prospective study 95% of the patients reported pain experience during orthodontic treatment. The periodontal pain caused by the combination of pressure, ischemia, inflammation and oedema.

Author(s): 
Koritsánszky, Nelli
Madléna, Melinda

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