Educational Status

Publication Title: 
AIDS education and prevention: official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education

Although the efficacy of small-group, risk reduction interventions based on cognitive behavioral principles has been widely documented in HIV behavioral research literature, little is known about how AIDS service organizations (ASOs) view these research-based models. From a nationwide sample of 77 ASOs, this study assessed factors influencing attitudes of prevention program directors and frontline staff toward research-based interventions.

Author(s): 
DiFranceisco, W.
Kelly, J. A.
Otto-Salaj, L.
McAuliffe, T. L.
Somlai, A. M.
Hackl, K.
Heckman, T. G.
Holtgrave, D. R.
Rompa, D. J.
Publication Title: 
Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of and reasons for the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in paediatric patients, and to determine the parental need for appropriate information from their paediatrician. DESIGN: Questionnaire. METHOD: A questionnaire was given to the parents of general paediatric patients of the St. Antonius Hospital Nieuwegein and the University Medical Centre Utrecht, the Netherlands, in the period June 2003-March 2004. Parents were asked about CAM use in the past 12 months, which CAM modalities were used and their reasons for using it.

Author(s): 
Vlieger, A. M.
van de Putte, E. M.
Hoeksma, H.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To examine South Australian acupuncturists' attitudes towards the use of research evidence and concurrently identify predicative factors associated with the uptake and implementation of research evidence. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed out to the entire South Australian acupuncturist population (n=94). The population was divided into two groups, medical acupuncturists (general practitioners or other medical specialists) and non-medical acupuncturists, as previous studies have suggested that clinicians' attitudes to EBP are particular to the clinical setting.

Author(s): 
Stomski, N.
Grimmer-Somers, K.
Petkov, J.
Publication Title: 
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To examine South Australian acupuncturists' attitudes towards the use of research evidence and concurrently identify predicative factors associated with the uptake and implementation of research evidence. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed out to the entire South Australian acupuncturist population (n=94). The population was divided into two groups, medical acupuncturists (general practitioners or other medical specialists) and non-medical acupuncturists, as previous studies have suggested that clinicians' attitudes to EBP are particular to the clinical setting.

Author(s): 
Stomski, N.
Grimmer-Somers, K.
Petkov, J.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVES: Vitamin and mineral supplementation is a common practice in the United States, yet little is known about the long-term health effects of regular supplement use. METHODS: To examine the relationship between reported use of supplements and mortality, we analyzed data from US adults 25 to 74 years of age who were examined in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1971 to 1975), with vital status determined through 1987. RESULTS: At baseline, 22.5% of the cohort reported using supplements regularly and 10.0% reported irregular use.

Author(s): 
Kim, I.
Williamson, D. F.
Byers, T.
Koplan, J. P.
Publication Title: 
Human Biology

The purpose of this study was to review published studies on the variability of age at menarche and age at menopause throughout the world, and to identify the main causes for age variation in the timing of these events. We first present a summary table including mean (or median) values of the age at menarche in 67 countries, and of the age at menopause in 26 countries.

Author(s): 
Thomas, F.
Renaud, F.
Benefice, E.
de Mee¸s, T.
Guegan, J. F.
Publication Title: 
The Gerontologist

PURPOSE: Prevalence estimates of healthy behaviors and preventive care among older adults have not received sufficient attention, despite important health benefits such as longevity and better quality of life. Moreover, little is known about general population prevalences of older adults' efforts to change behavior, motivations to improve health behaviors, and perceived barriers to change.

Author(s): 
Newsom, Jason T.
Kaplan, Mark S.
Huguet, Nathalie
McFarland, Bentson H.
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Nutrition

Overall dietary patterns have been associated with health and longevity. We used principal component (PC) and cluster analyses to identify the prevailing dietary patterns of 99 744 participants, aged 60 years or older, living in nine European countries and participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Elderly cohort) and to examine their socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates.

Author(s): 
Bamia, Christina
Orfanos, Philippos
Ferrari, Pietro
Overvad, Kim
Hundborg, Heidi H.
Tj¯nneland, Anne
Olsen, Anja
Kesse, Emmanuelle
Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christine
Clavel-Chapelon, FranÁoise
Nagel, Gabriele
Boffetta, Paolo
Boeing, Heiner
Hoffmann, Kurt
Trichopoulos, Dimitrios
Baibas, Nikos
Psaltopoulou, Theodora
Norat, Teresa
Slimani, Nadia
Palli, Domenico
Krogh, Vittorio
Panico, Salvatore
Tumino, Rosario
Sacerdote, Carlotta
Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B.
Ocké, Marga C.
Peeters, Petra H.
van Rossum, Caroline T.
QuirÛs, JosÈ-RamÛn
S·nchez, MarÌa-JosÈ
Navarro, Carmen
Barricarte, Aurelio
Dorronsoro, Miren
Berglund, Gˆran
Wirf‰lt, Elisabet
Hallmans, Gˆran
Johansson, Ingegerd
Bingham, Sheila
Khaw, Kay-Tee
Spencer, Elizabeth A.
Roddam, Andrew W.
Riboli, Elio
Trichopoulou, Antonia
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

BACKGROUND: The need to gain insight into prevailing eating patterns and their health effects is evident. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify dietary patterns and their relation to total mortality in older Dutch women. DESIGN: A principal component analysis of 22 food groups was used to identify dietary patterns in 5427 women aged 60-69 y who were included in the Dutch European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Elderly cohort (follow-up: approximately 8.2 y). Mortality ratios for 3 major principal components were assessed by using Cox proportional hazard analysis.

Author(s): 
Waijers, Patricia M. C. M.
Ocké, Marga C.
van Rossum, Caroline T. M.
Peeters, Petra H. M.
Bamia, Christina
Chloptsios, Yiannis
van der Schouw, Yvonne T.
Slimani, Nadia
Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. Bas
Publication Title: 
The British Journal of Nutrition

Dietary patterns, which reflect the complexity of food preference, lifestyle and socio-economic status, may play a major role in health and longevity. Understanding dietary patterns and their correlates is important to the research of diet and health relationships. In the Shanghai Men's Health Study (SMHS) a total of 61,582 men aged 40-74 were recruited between 2002 and 2006. Their food intake over the previous year was collected using a validated FFQ. Study participants (75.6%) reported little or no change in meat and vegetable intake in the 5 years prior to recruitment.

Author(s): 
Cai, Hui
Zheng, Wei
Xiang, Yong-Bing
Xu, Wang Hong
Yang, Gong
Li, Honglan
Shu, Xiao Ou

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