Emotion

Publication Title: 
Human Brain Mapping

In previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies concerning romantic love, several brain regions including the caudate and putamen have consistently been found to be more responsive to beloved-related than control stimuli. In those studies, infatuated individuals were typically instructed to passively view the stimuli or to think of the viewed person. In the current study, we examined how the instruction to attend to, or ignore the beloved modulates the response of these brain areas.

Author(s): 
Langeslag, Sandra J. E.
van der Veen, Frederik M.
Rˆder, Christian H.
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

The biological mechanisms underlying long-term partner bonds in humans are unclear. The evolutionarily conserved neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) is associated with the formation of partner bonds in some species via interactions with brain dopamine reward systems. However, whether it plays a similar role in humans has as yet not been established. Here, we report the results of a discovery and a replication study, each involving a double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject, pharmaco-functional MRI experiment with 20 heterosexual pair-bonded male volunteers.

Author(s): 
Scheele, Dirk
Wille, Andrea
Kendrick, Keith M.
Stoffel-Wagner, Birgit
Becker, Benjamin
G¸nt¸rk¸n, Onur
Maier, Wolfgang
Hurlemann, RenÈ
Publication Title: 
Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide

This article explores the role of the heart in emotional experience, as well as how learning to shift the rhythms of the heart into a more coherent state makes it possible to establish a new inner baseline reference that allows access to our heart's intuitive capacities and deeper wisdom. The nature and types of intuition and the connection between intuition and compassionate action are discussed.

Author(s): 
McCraty, Rollin
Zayas, Maria
Publication Title: 
Body Image

In two studies, self-affirming the behavioral trait of kindness was examined as a method of regulating state disgust toward one's physical appearance. In Study 1, 56 participants (37 women, 19 men, Mage=33.16 years) completed either a questionnaire designed to self-affirm kindness or a control equivalent and rated their disgust, anger, sadness, and happiness toward their appearance and behavior. In Study 2, 116 individuals (83 women, 33 men, Mage=24.90 years) participated in the same experiment over the internet in an ecologically valid context.

Author(s): 
Powell, Philip A.
Simpson, Jane
Overton, Paul G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Religion and Health

Traditional moral philosophy has long focused on rationality, principled thinking, and good old-fashioned willpower, but recent evidence strongly suggests that moral judgments and prosocial behavior are more heavily influenced by emotion and intuition. As the evidence mounts, rational traditions emphasizing deliberative analysis and conscious decision making are called into question. The first section highlights some compelling evidence supporting the primacy of affective states in motivating moral judgments and behavior.

Author(s): 
Bankard, Joseph
Publication Title: 
Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

Proneness to specific moral sentiments (e.g. pride, gratitude, guilt, indignation) has been linked with individual variations in functional MRI (fMRI) response within anterior brain regions whose lesion leads to inappropriate behaviour. However, the role of structural anatomical differences in rendering individuals prone to particular moral sentiments relative to others is unknown. Here, we investigated grey matter volumes (VBM8) and proneness to specific moral sentiments on a well-controlled experimental task in healthy individuals.

Author(s): 
Zahn, Roland
Garrido, Griselda
Moll, Jorge
Grafman, Jordan
Publication Title: 
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Evolutionary game theory typically focuses on actions but ignores motives. Here, we introduce a model that takes into account the motive behind the action. A crucial question is why do we trust people more who cooperate without calculating the costs? We propose a game theory model to explain this phenomenon. One player has the option to "look" at the costs of cooperation, and the other player chooses whether to continue the interaction.

Author(s): 
Hoffman, Moshe
Yoeli, Erez
Nowak, Martin A.
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