Employment

Publication Title: 
Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Critics of emerging adulthood theory have suggested that it only applies to college students, but this assertion has largely gone untested. The purpose of the present study was to compare developmental trajectories of non-students versus college-educated youth in theoretically relevant domains of work, love, and financial independence.

Author(s): 
Mitchell, Lauren L.
Syed, Moin
Publication Title: 
Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin

A key insight from investigations of individual relative deprivation (IRD) is that people can experience objective disadvantages differently. In this study, university faculty (N = 953) who reported greater IRD in response to a mandatory furlough (i.e., involuntary pay reductions) were more likely to (a) voice options designed to improve the university (voice), (b) consider leaving their job (exit), and (c) neglect their work responsibilities (neglect), but were (d) less likely to express loyalty to the university (loyalty).

Author(s): 
Osborne, Danny
Smith, Heather J.
Huo, Yuen J.
Publication Title: 
The Gerontologist

Using data from the 1990 Health Supplement to the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we examine the determinants of patterns of insurance coverage among the elderly. Among those with supplemental insurance through an employment-based source, the primary determinant of having insurance is work history, specifically job tenure and occupation of household heads and their spouses. Among those who do not have employer-provided insurance, wealth is the most important economic factor in the purchase of private insurance.

Author(s): 
Lillard, L.
Rogowski, J.
Kington, R.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

Although most private health insurance in US is employment-based, little is known about how employers choose health plans for their employees. In this paper, I examine the relationship between employee preferences for health insurance and the health plans offered by employers. I find evidence that employee characteristics affect the generosity of the health plans offered by employers and the likelihood that employers offer a choice of plans.

Author(s): 
Bundorf, M. Kate
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics

This paper addresses two seeming paradoxes in the realm of employer-provided health insurance: First, businesses consistently claim that they bear the burden of the insurance they provide for employees, despite theory and empirical evidence indicating that workers bear the full incidence. Second, benefit generosity and the percentage of premiums paid by employers have decreased in recent decades, despite the preferential tax treatment of employer-paid benefits relative to wages-trends unexplained by the standard incidence model.

Author(s): 
Sommers, Benjamin D.
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

The perspective of this investigation is the humanistic caring tradition of caring science where caritas motive, i.e. charity and love, constitutes the basic motive and suffering the basic category of caring, i.e. Eriksson's theory of caritative caring. The concept of virtue is used in accordance with Aristotle's theory of virtue and fragments of theory are added to the study from Arendt. The aim of the study was to investigate the meaning of virtues for worker's health and to develop a theoretical model of the inner health domains.

Author(s): 
W‰rnÂ, Carola
Lindholm, Lisbet
Eriksson, Katie
Publication Title: 
Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences

AIM AND METHOD: The objectives of this article are to present a measurement instrument for virtues, and to examine the link between virtues and health. The instrument was tested by the occupational health care at a large Finnish pulp and paper manufacturer and was shown to be consistent, valid and reliable. In developing the scale, we had two samples of employees and used factor analysis and partial least squares modelling (PLS) on both samples. FINDINGS: Factor analysis showed that pride is the most important virtue, followed by love and generosity.

Author(s): 
W‰rnÂ-Furu, Carola
S‰‰ksj‰rvi, Maria
Santavirta, Nina
Publication Title: 
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

BACKGROUND: Reductions in the eligibility requirements and generosity of disability benefits have been introduced in several Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries in recent years, on the assumption that this will increase work incentives for people with chronic illness and disabilities. This paper systematically reviews the evidence for this assumption in the context of well-developed welfare systems.

Author(s): 
Barr, Ben
Clayton, Stephen
Whitehead, Margaret
Thielen, Karsten
Burstrˆm, Bo
Nylen, Lotta
Dahl, Espen
Publication Title: 
Medical care research and review: MCRR

Many of the provisions in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), such as tax credits and penalties for employers, vary by employer size and average wage level. Therefore, knowing the wage and firm size distribution of low-wage workers and how employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) characteristics vary by these dimensions is particularly important for understanding the extent to which low-wage workers and their employers may be affected by different provisions in the ACA.

Author(s): 
Vistnes, Jessica
Monheit, Alan C.
Publication Title: 
International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation

This study investigates trends and clustering of gender policy in 22 OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries during 1979-2008. The starting point was Sainsbury's gender policy regime framework, and the study included indicators reflecting the male bread-winner, individual earner-carer, and separate gender roles regimes. The indicators were followed over seven time points for mean, range, and distribution. Cluster analyses were performed for the years 1979, 1989, 1999, and 2004.

Author(s): 
Backhans, Mona C.
Burstrˆm, Bo
Marklund, Staffan

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