Endorphins

Publication Title: 
Archives of Sexual Behavior

Two decades ago, experimental social psychologists became interested in the emotion of passionate love, "the desire for union with another." Recently, sex researchers have begun to focus on sexual desire, "the desire for sexual union with another," or the loss thereof. In this paper we review what experimental social psychologists have learned about the nature of passionate love in the last two decades and contrast their view of passion with that of sex researchers, especially with regard to the role that anxiety plays in the intensification/diminution of passion.

Author(s): 
Hatfield, E.
Rapson, R. L.
Publication Title: 
The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine

The controversy about acupuncture is familiar to us since its recent reintroduction into this country. Much of its philosophical concepts were taken at their face values as the bases for condemnation. Since I last reviewed these antiquated concepts in the light of modern medicine, much has developed. It seems that if the effects of acupuncture were transmitted along the peripheral nerves to the central nervous system, it would be more effective if applied segmentally to the site of noxious stimulation. Disruption of extralamniscal pathways would abolish its analgesic effect.

Author(s): 
Liao, S. J.
Publication Title: 
Lancet (London, England)
Author(s): 
Stephenson, J. B.
Publication Title: 
Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics: JDBP
Author(s): 
Olness, K.
Wain, H. J.
Ng, L.
Publication Title: 
Die Medizinische Welt
Author(s): 
Kuhn, E.
Liem, S. H.
Meisel, G.
Publication Title: 
Psychopharmacology

The hypothesis that the alleviation of chronic pain with hypnosis is mediated by endorphins was tested. Six patients with chronic pain secondary to peripheral nerve irritation were taught to control the pain utilizing self-hypnosis. Each subject was tested at 5-min intervals during four 1-h sessions for the amount of reduction of pain sensation and suffering associated with hypnosis while being given, in a random double-blind crossover fashion, an IV injection of either 10 mg naloxone or a saline placebo through an indwelling catheter.

Author(s): 
Spiegel, D.
Albert, L. H.
Publication Title: 
Pain

Acute physical restraint represents a potent stressor in several animal species and is accompanied by a complex pattern of hormonal responses and functional changes in the central nervous system. Repeated immobilization leads to partial blunting of the behavioral and hormonal responses, with transient modifications of neurotransmitter systems in the brain.

Author(s): 
Porro, C. A.
Carli, G.
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis

Acupuncture treatment uses ultrafine needles which are inserted into specified points on the skin (acupoints). Acupuncture can help alleviate pain and inflammation, possibly through the increased release of pituitary beta-endorphins and ACTH. Hypnosis can also help alleviate pain syndromes, and may have centrally mediated immunomodulatory effects. The use of these 2 treatments simultaneously may potentially assist and augment the effects of each another.

Author(s): 
Samuels, Noah
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

Pain is a phenomenon experienced by all forms of life. Many theories exist to explain how it is perceived. This paper examines several of those theories, particularly as they relate to nutritional and neurophysiological implications in the production and management of pain. An explanation of how certain chiropractic treatment modalities operate is provided.

Author(s): 
Pressman, A. H.
Nickles, S. L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The role of spinal manipulation in the relief of pain is becoming clearer and more demonstrable as time passes. One approach to this study is the effect of manipulation on the neurochemical mechanisms of antinociception. Chief among these is beta-endorphin, which has been found to produce a wide range of beneficial effects, especially analgesia. The intent of our study was to demonstrate the effect of spinal manipulation on plasma beta-endorphin levels. Three groups of male subjects were randomly created: the experimental, sham and control groups.

Author(s): 
Vernon, H. T.
Dhami, M. S.
Howley, T. P.
Annett, R.

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