Endothelial Cells

Publication Title: 
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

AIM OF THE STUDY: The aqueous extract of Terminalia chebular fruits was reported to have anti-hyperglycemia and anti-diabetic complication effects. The present study therefore investigated the protective mechanism of chebulic acid, a phenolcarboxylic acid compound isolated from the ripe fruits of Terminalia chebula against advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs)-induced endothelial cell dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Koo, Yoon-Chang
Suh, Hyung Joo
Kim, Kyung-Yong
Lee, Kwang-Won
Publication Title: 
Planta Medica

Terminalia chebula Retz. has been used in India for a long time to treat many diseases, and its extract was reported to have antidiabetic activity in vivo. In this study, T. chebula methanolic extract (TCE) containing 2.7 % chebulic acid was evaluated for its preventive effects against the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and endothelial cell dysfunction.

Author(s): 
Lee, Hyun-Sun
Cho, Hong Yon
Park, Kuen-Woo
Kim, In-Hwan
Kim, Jong-Tak
Nam, Mi-Hyun
Lee, Kwang-Won
Publication Title: 
Scientific Reports

Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) plays an important role in tumour angiogenesis and its angiogenic action is mainly mediated through its VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). Therefore drugs targeting VEGFA/VEGFR-2 are being presently used in the clinics for treatment of several types of solid malignant tumours. We here in report that low dose of chebulagic acid (CA), a hydrolysable tannin found in myrobalan fruits can inhibit VEGFA induced vascular permeability, endothelial cell proliferation, migration, tube formation and thereby, angiogenesis by suppressing VEGFR-2 phosphorylation.

Author(s): 
Lu, Kai
Basu, Sujit
Publication Title: 
The Biochemical Journal

The free radical theory of aging proposes that ROS (reactive oxygen species) are major driving forces of aging, and are also critically involved in cellular senescence. Besides the mitochondrial respiratory chain, alternative sources of ROS have been described that might contribute to cellular senescence. Noxs (NADPH oxidases) are well-known sources of superoxide, which contribute to the antimicrobial capabilities of macrophages, a process involving the prototypical member of the family referred to as Nox2.

Author(s): 
Lener, Barbara
Kozie?, Rafa?
Pircher, Haymo
H¸tter, Eveline
Greussing, Ruth
Herndler-Brandstetter, Dietmar
Hermann, Martin
Unterluggauer, Hermann
Jansen-D¸rr, Pidder
Publication Title: 
Aging

Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to progression of atherosclerosis, at least in part by causing endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory activation. The class III histone deacetylase SIRT1 has been implicated in extension of lifespan. In the vasculature,SIRT1 gain-of-function using SIRT1 overexpression or activation has been shown to improve endothelial function in mice and rats via stimulation of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS). However, the effects of SIRT1 loss-of-function on the endothelium in atherosclerosis remain to be characterized.

Author(s): 
Stein, Sokrates
Sch‰fer, Nicola
Breitenstein, Alexander
Besler, Christian
Winnik, Stephan
Lohmann, Christine
Heinrich, Kathrin
Brokopp, Chad E.
Handschin, Christoph
Landmesser, Ulf
Tanner, Felix C.
L¸scher, Thomas F.
Matter, Christian M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Endodontics

INTRODUCTION: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) have received much attention as a promising population of stem cells in regenerative endodontics. Securing a good blood supply during regeneration is a challenging task because of the constricted apical canal opening, which allows only a limited blood supply. The aim of this study was to investigate any potential synergistic effects of dental pulp stem cells and endothelial cells (ECs) on osteo-/odontogenic and angiogenic differentiation in vitro.

Author(s): 
Dissanayaka, Waruna Lakmal
Zhan, Xuan
Zhang, Chengfei
Hargreaves, Kenneth M.
Jin, Lijian
Tong, Edith H. Y.
Publication Title: 
The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) stimulates cell proliferation and is crucial for maintenance of somatic tissues. However, this effect is associated with the inhibition of FOXO transcription factors and downregulation of antioxidative enzymes. In this study, we compared the responses of primary dermal fibroblasts and human umbilical vein endothelial cells with IGF-1 treatment. We found that IGF-1 primarily downregulated enzymatic antioxidants in skin fibroblasts. However, human umbilical vein endothelial cells were protected from an IGF-1-mediated decrease in antioxidative capacity.

Author(s): 
Stone, Rivka C.
Kim, Soyeon
Barnes, Betsy J.
Aviv, Abraham
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism

Arginine is derived from dietary protein intake, body protein breakdown, or endogenous de novo arginine production. The latter may be linked to the availability of citrulline, which is the immediate precursor of arginine and limiting factor for de novo arginine production. Arginine metabolism is highly compartmentalized due to the expression of the enzymes involved in arginine metabolism in various organs. A small fraction of arginine enters the NO synthase (NOS) pathway. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential and rate-limiting cofactor for the production of NO.

Author(s): 
Luiking, Yvette C.
Ten Have, Gabriella A. M.
Wolfe, Robert R.
Deutz, Nicolaas E. P.
Publication Title: 
Aging Cell

Aging poses one of the largest risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. The increased propensity toward vascular pathology with advancing age maybe explained, in part, by a reduction in the ability of circulating endothelial progenitor cells to contribute to vascular repair and regeneration. Although there is evidence to suggest that colony forming unit-Hill cells and circulating angiogenic cells are subject to age-associated changes that impair their function, the impact of aging on human outgrowth endothelial cell (OEC) function has been less studied.

Author(s): 
Williamson, Kate A.
Hamilton, Andrew
Reynolds, John A.
Sipos, Peter
Crocker, Ian
Stringer, Sally E.
Alexander, Yvonne M.
Publication Title: 
Cell Metabolism

Iron regulatory proteins (Irps) 1 and 2 posttranscriptionally control the expression of transcripts that contain iron-responsive element (IRE) sequences, including ferritin, ferroportin, transferrin receptor, and hypoxia-inducible factor 2? (HIF2?). We report here that mice with targeted deletion of Irp1 developed pulmonary hypertension and polycythemia that was exacerbated by a low-iron diet. Hematocrits increased to 65% in iron-starved mice, and many polycythemic mice died of abdominal hemorrhages. Irp1 deletion enhanced HIF2?

Author(s): 
Ghosh, Manik C.
Zhang, De-Liang
Jeong, Suh Young
Kovtunovych, Gennadiy
Ollivierre-Wilson, Hayden
Noguchi, Audrey
Tu, Tiffany
Senecal, Thomas
Robinson, Gabrielle
Crooks, Daniel R.
Tong, Wing-Hang
Ramaswamy, Kavitha
Singh, Anamika
Graham, Brian B.
Tuder, Rubin M.
Yu, Zu-Xi
Eckhaus, Michael
Lee, Jaekwon
Springer, Danielle A.
Rouault, Tracey A.

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