Endothelin-1

Publication Title: 
Cell Metabolism

Iron regulatory proteins (Irps) 1 and 2 posttranscriptionally control the expression of transcripts that contain iron-responsive element (IRE) sequences, including ferritin, ferroportin, transferrin receptor, and hypoxia-inducible factor 2? (HIF2?). We report here that mice with targeted deletion of Irp1 developed pulmonary hypertension and polycythemia that was exacerbated by a low-iron diet. Hematocrits increased to 65% in iron-starved mice, and many polycythemic mice died of abdominal hemorrhages. Irp1 deletion enhanced HIF2?

Author(s): 
Ghosh, Manik C.
Zhang, De-Liang
Jeong, Suh Young
Kovtunovych, Gennadiy
Ollivierre-Wilson, Hayden
Noguchi, Audrey
Tu, Tiffany
Senecal, Thomas
Robinson, Gabrielle
Crooks, Daniel R.
Tong, Wing-Hang
Ramaswamy, Kavitha
Singh, Anamika
Graham, Brian B.
Tuder, Rubin M.
Yu, Zu-Xi
Eckhaus, Michael
Lee, Jaekwon
Springer, Danielle A.
Rouault, Tracey A.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Plasma concentrations of big endothelin-1 were determined by ELISA in 18 patients with complicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Bangkok. Before therapy, elevated levels were recorded (21 +/- 12 vs. 2.9 +/- 1.1 pmol/L in age- and sex-matched healthy subjects; P < .001). Even 7 days after therapy, elevated concentrations were seen (25 +/- 14 pmol/L). Plasma endothelin levels were correlated with levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (r = .632, P < .01), and a negative correlation with platelet counts was seen (r = .783, P < .005).

Author(s): 
Wenisch, C.
Wenisch, H.
Wilairatana, P.
Looareesuwan, S.
Vannaphan, S.
Wagner, O.
Graninger, W.
Schönthal, E.
Rumpold, H.
Publication Title: 
Life Sciences

AIM: To investigate the association between vasculopathy and survival during experimental cerebral malaria (ECM), and to determine whether targeting the endothelin-1 (ET-1) pathway alone or in combination with the anti-malaria drug artemether (a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin) will improve microvascular hemorrhage and survival. MAIN METHODS: C57BL/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (PbA) were randomly assigned to four groups: no treatment, artemether treated, ET(A) receptor antagonist (HJP-272) treated, or HJP-272 and artemether treated.

Author(s): 
Dai, Minxian
Freeman, Brandi
Bruno, Fernando P.
Shikani, Henry J.
Tanowitz, Herbert B.
Weiss, Louis M.
Reznik, Sandra E.
Stephani, Ralph A.
Desruisseaux, Mahalia S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention on risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and markers of inflammation and endothelial function in overweight and obese men. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective lifestyle intervention study with pre-post design. SETTING AND LOCATION: Integral Health Clinic, an outpatient facility providing yoga-based lifestyle intervention programs for prevention and management of chronic diseases. SUBJECTS: Overweight and obese men (n=51) were enrolled in the study.

Author(s): 
Sarvottam, Kumar
Magan, Dipti
Yadav, Raj Kumar
Mehta, Nalin
Mahapatra, Sushil C.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention on risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and markers of inflammation and endothelial function in overweight and obese men. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective lifestyle intervention study with pre-post design. SETTING AND LOCATION: Integral Health Clinic, an outpatient facility providing yoga-based lifestyle intervention programs for prevention and management of chronic diseases. SUBJECTS: Overweight and obese men (n=51) were enrolled in the study.

Author(s): 
Sarvottam, Kumar
Magan, Dipti
Yadav, Raj Kumar
Mehta, Nalin
Mahapatra, Sushil C.
Publication Title: 
Diabetes

Phosphatidylinositol (PI) 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) plays a pivotal role in insulin-stimulated glucose transport as an important precursor to PI 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)) and a key regulator of actin polymerization. Since endothelin (ET)-1 impairs insulin sensitivity and PIP(2) is a target of ET-1-induced signaling, we tested whether a change in insulin-stimulated PIP(3) generation and signaling, PIP(2)-regulated actin polymerization, or a combination of both accounted for ET-1-induced insulin resistance.

Author(s): 
Strawbridge, Andrew B.
Elmendorf, Jeffrey S.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) disrupts insulin-regulated glucose transporter GLUT4 trafficking. Since the negative consequence of chronic ET-1 exposure appears to be independent of signal disturbance along the insulin receptor substrate-1/phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt-2 pathway of insulin action, we tested if ET-1 altered GLUT4 regulation engaged by osmotic shock, a PI3K-independent stimulus that mimics insulin action. Regulation of GLUT4 by hyperosmotic stress was impaired by ET-1.

Author(s): 
Strawbridge, Andrew B.
Elmendorf, Jeffrey S.
Publication Title: 
Circulation Research

The farnesoid X receptor (FXR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that is highly expressed in liver, kidney, adrenals, and intestine. FXR may play an important role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases via regulating the metabolism and transport of cholesterol. In this study, we report that FXR is also expressed in rat pulmonary artery endothelial cells (EC), a "nonclassical" bile acid target tissue.

Author(s): 
He, Fengtian
Li, Jiang
Mu, Ying
Kuruba, Ramalinga
Ma, Zheng
Wilson, Annette
Alber, Sean
Jiang, Yu
Stevens, Troy
Watkins, Simon
Pitt, Bruce
Xie, Wen
Li, Song
Publication Title: 
Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America

Endothelial dysfunction and insulin resistance are frequently comorbid states. Vasodilator actions of insulin are mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent signaling pathways that stimulate production of nitric oxide from vascular endothelium. This helps to couple metabolic and hemodynamic homeostasis under healthy conditions.

Author(s): 
Muniyappa, Ranganath
Iantorno, Micaela
Quon, Michael J.
Publication Title: 
Neuroscience Letters

Estrogen is a powerful endogenous and exogenous neuroprotective agent in animal models of brain injury, including focal cerebral ischemia. Although this protection has been demonstrated in several different treatment and injury paradigms, it has not been demonstrated in focal cerebral ischemia induced by intraparenchymal endothelin-1 injection, a model with many advantages over other models of experimental focal ischemia. Reproductively mature female Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized and divided into placebo and estradiol-treated groups.

Author(s): 
Glendenning, Michele L.
Lovekamp-Swan, Tara
Schreihofer, Derek A.

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