Environment Design

Publication Title: 
Journal of Physical Activity & Health

BACKGROUND: The role of social-environmental factors in physical activity (PA) within lower income and ethnic minority populations is understudied. This study explored correlates of age-related PA and perceived walkability (PW). METHODS: Cross-sectional data (N = 401 women; ?18 y) were collected within the Jane-Finch community in Toronto, Ontario using questionnaires. Generalized additive models, an extension to multiple regression, were used to estimate effect sizes and standard errors.

Author(s): 
Perez, Daniel F.
Ritvo, Paul G.
Brown, Patrick E.
Holowaty, Eric
Ardern, Chris
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Reducing waiting anxiety is an important objective of patient-centered care. Anxiety is linked to negative health outcomes, including longer recovery periods, lowered pain thresholds, and for children in particular, resistance to treatment, nightmares, and separation anxiety. The goals of this study were (1) to systematically review published research aimed at reducing preprocedural waiting anxiety, and (2) to provide directions for future research and development of strategies to manage preprocedural waiting anxiety in health care environments.

Author(s): 
Biddiss, Elaine
Knibbe, Tara Joy
McPherson, Amy
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

A systematic review of evidence for the efficacy of environment-based interventions on the affect, behavior, and performance of people with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias was conducted as part of the American Occupational Therapy Association's Evidence-Based Literature Review Project. Thirty-three reports met inclusion criteria. Results suggest that ambient music, aromatherapy, and Snoezelen are modestly effective in reducingagitation but do not consistently have long-term effects.

Author(s): 
Padilla, Ren�
Publication Title: 
Anesthesia and Analgesia

BACKGROUND: Reducing waiting anxiety is an important objective of patient-centered care. Anxiety is linked to negative health outcomes, including longer recovery periods, lowered pain thresholds, and for children in particular, resistance to treatment, nightmares, and separation anxiety. The goals of this study were (1) to systematically review published research aimed at reducing preprocedural waiting anxiety, and (2) to provide directions for future research and development of strategies to manage preprocedural waiting anxiety in health care environments.

Author(s): 
Biddiss, Elaine
Knibbe, Tara Joy
McPherson, Amy
Publication Title: 
PloS One

BACKGROUND: Fibulin-4 is an extracellular matrix protein expressed by vascular smooth muscle cells that is essential for maintaining arterial integrity. Fibulin-4(-/-) mice die just before birth due to arterial hemorrhage, but fibulin-4(+/-) mice appear to be outwardly normal. Experiments were therefore performed to determine whether fibulin-4(+/-) mice display arterial pathologies on a microscopic scale.

Author(s): 
Cudilo, Elizabeth
Al Naemi, Hamda
Marmorstein, Lihua
Baldwin, Ann L.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 per cent of people over 65 years of age and living in the community fall each year; the number is higher in institutions. Although less than one fall in 10 results in a fracture, a fifth of fall incidents require medical attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in elderly people (living in the community, or in institutional or hospital care).

Author(s): 
Gillespie, L. D.
Gillespie, W. J.
Robertson, M. C.
Lamb, S. E.
Cumming, R. G.
Rowe, B. H.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 per cent of people over 65 years of age and living in the community fall each year; the number is higher in institutions. Although less than one fall in 10 results in a fracture, a fifth of fall incidents require medical attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in elderly people (living in the community, or in institutional or hospital care).

Author(s): 
Gillespie, L. D.
Gillespie, W. J.
Robertson, M. C.
Lamb, S. E.
Cumming, R. G.
Rowe, B. H.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30 per cent of people over 65 years of age and living in the community fall each year; the number is higher in institutions. Although less than one fall in 10 results in a fracture, a fifth of fall incidents require medical attention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions designed to reduce the incidence of falls in elderly people (living in the community, or in institutional or hospital care).

Author(s): 
Gillespie, Lesley D.
Gillespie, William J.
Robertson, M. Clare
Lamb, Sarah E.
Cumming, Robert G.
Rowe, Brian H.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of people over 65 years of age living in the community fall each year. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions to reduce the incidence of falls in older people living in the community. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library 2008, Issue 2), MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Current Controlled Trials (all to May 2008). SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised trials of interventions to reduce falls in community-dwelling older people.

Author(s): 
Gillespie, Lesley D.
Robertson, M. Clare
Gillespie, William J.
Lamb, Sarah E.
Gates, Simon
Cumming, Robert G.
Rowe, Brian H.
Publication Title: 
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of strategies designed to prevent falls among older people. METHODS: A decision analytic Markov model of interventions designed to prevent falls was developed.

Author(s): 
Church, Jody
Goodall, Stephen
Norman, Richard
Haas, Marion

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