Eosinophilia

Publication Title: 
Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology

BACKGROUND: The effect of ageing on several pathologic features of allergic asthma (pulmonary inflammation, eosinophilia, mucus hypersecretion), and their relationship with airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is not well characterized. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate lung inflammation, mucus metaplasia and AHR in relationship with age in murine models of allergic asthma comparing young and older mice. METHODS: Young (6 weeks) and older (6, 12, 18 months) BALB/c mice were sensitized and challenged with ovalbumin (OVA).

Author(s): 
Busse, Paula J.
Zhang, Teng Fei
Srivastava, Kamal
Schofield, Brian
Li, Xiu-Min
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy

BACKGROUND: Proton (H+) secretion and the HVCN1 H+ channel are part of the innate host defense mechanism of the airways. The objective of this study was to determine H+ secretion in asthmatic and nonasthmatic patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in freshly excised human sinonasal tissue. METHODS: Nasal or sinus mucosa from subjects with three different conditions (normal, CRS, and CRS with asthma) was harvested during sinus surgery. The equilibrium pH and the rate of H+ secretion were measured in an Ussing chamber using the pH-stat titration technique.

Author(s): 
Cho, Do-Yeon
Hajighasemi, Mohammad
Hwang, Peter H.
Illek, Beate
Fischer, Horst
Publication Title: 
Journal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md.: 1950)

Chronic airway inflammation is a hallmark of asthma, an immune-based disease with great societal impact. Honokiol (HNK), a phenolic neurotransmitter receptor (γ-aminobutyric acid type A) agonist purified from magnolia, has anti-inflammatory properties, including stabilization of inflammation in experimentally induced arthritis. The present study tested the prediction that HNK could inhibit the chronic inflammatory component of allergic asthma.

Author(s): 
Munroe, Melissa E.
Businga, Thomas R.
Kline, Joel N.
Bishop, Gail A.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology

Pulmonary eosinophilia is a consistent hallmark of allergic lung inflammation. Infiltration of eosinophils into ovalbumin (OVA)-challenged lungs is dependent on the adhesion molecule vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on endothelial cells. Ligation of VCAM-1 activates endothelial cell protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), which is required for VCAM-1-dependent leukocyte migration in vitro.

Author(s): 
Berdnikovs, Sergejs
Abdala-Valencia, Hiam
Cook-Mills, Joan M.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation / Association of Academic Physiatrists

Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF), first described in 1974, is characterized by the sudden onset of painful swelling with induration of the soft tissues and peripheral eosinophilia, often after an episode of intense physical exertion. It rapidly progresses to joint contractures because of inflammation and fibrosis of the fascia. Of the 200 cases reported in the medical literature, most have responded positively to a prolonged course of oral prednisone. Although complete recovery is possible, more frequently signs and symptoms of EF persist.

Author(s): 
O'Laughlin, T. J.
Klima, R. R.
Kenney, D. E.
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