Epidemiologic Studies

Publication Title: 
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture has been repeatedly associated with infectious hepatitis. The aim of the present systematic review was therefore to critically evaluate such data from epidemiological investigations. METHODS: Four independent literature searches were carried out to identify all epidemiological evidence linking acupuncture with hepatitis. All studies were validated by the authors and data extracted according to predefined criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen investigations fulfilled our inclusion criteria. Most studies originated from Asia.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Sherman, K. J.
Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Epidemiological studies propose that extension of the human lifespan or the reduction of age associated diseases may be achieved by physical exercise, caloric restriction, and by consumption of certain substances such as resveratrol, selenium, flavonoids, zinc, omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins E and C, Ginkgobiloba extracts, aspirin, green tea catechins, antioxidants in general, and even by light caffeine or alcohol consumption. Though intriguing, these studies only show correlative (not causative) effects between the application of the particular substance and longevity.

Author(s): 
Rockenfeller, Patrick
Madeo, Frank
Publication Title: 
Revue MÈdicale De LiËge

The hypothesis of the atherogenic role of oxidized. LDL lipoproteins and the observation of the longevity of individuals on a "mediterranean diet" led to the concept that antioxidant vitamins may exert cardiovascular protective effects. In this first article, we summarize the results of the main epidemiological studies which analyzed the influence of dietary intakes (or resulting plasma concentrations) in vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol), vitamin A (beta-carotene) or vitamin C (ascorbic acid).

Author(s): 
Scheen, A. J.
Publication Title: 
Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

Short-term studies indicate that intentional weight loss (IWL) among obese persons significantly improves health variables that are often precursors or markers of chronic diseases (e.g. heart diseases, type-2 diabetes). Hence, it is logical to assume that IWL among obese persons would lead to increased longevity.

Author(s): 
Yang, D.
Fontaine, K. R.
Wang, C.
Allison, D. B.
Publication Title: 
Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta

Epidemiological studies propose that extension of the human lifespan or the reduction of age associated diseases may be achieved by physical exercise, caloric restriction, and by consumption of certain substances such as resveratrol, selenium, flavonoids, zinc, omega 3 unsaturated fatty acids, vitamins E and C, Ginkgobiloba extracts, aspirin, green tea catechins, antioxidants in general, and even by light caffeine or alcohol consumption. Though intriguing, these studies only show correlative (not causative) effects between the application of the particular substance and longevity.

Author(s): 
Rockenfeller, Patrick
Madeo, Frank
Publication Title: 
Malaria Journal

BACKGROUND: The effects that artemether-lumefantrine (AL) has on gametocyte dynamics in the short-term have recently been described. However there is limited long-term longitudinal data on the effect of AL on gametocyte dynamics in asymptomatic children. METHODS: An epidemiological study was conducted in Kombewa, Western Kenya, in which 270 asymptomatic children aged between 12 and 47 months were enrolled. The subjects were randomized to receive either a course of AL or placebo at enrolment. Active follow-up was conducted for one year.

Author(s): 
Andagalu, Ben
Mativo, Joan
Kamau, Edwin
Ogutu, Bernhards
Publication Title: 
AIDS (London, England)

OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease risk among persons with HIV is likely multifactorial, thus testing a variety of available noninvasive vascular ultrasound and other surrogate tests may yield differing results. To address this issue, we assessed multiple metabolic and clinical predictors of endothelial function and carotid intima-media thickness in HIV-infected subjects and compared results with HIV-negative controls.

Author(s): 
Mondy, Kristin E.
de las Fuentes, Lisa
Waggoner, Alan
Onen, Nur F.
Bopp, Coco S.
Lassa-Claxton, Sherry
Powderly, William G.
Davila-Roman, Victor
Yarasheski, Kevin E.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology

The prevention of dementias, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), is a growing public health concern, due to a lack of effective curative treatment options and a rising global prevalence. Various potential risk or preventive factors have been suggested by epidemiological research, including modifiable lifestyle factors such as diet.

Author(s): 
Gillette-Guyonnet, Sophie
Secher, Marion
Vellas, Bruno
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