Estradiol

Publication Title: 
Obstetrics and Gynecology

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of six interventions for menopausal vasomotor symptoms relative to control in a pooled analysis, facilitating translation of the results for clinicians and symptomatic women. The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network tested these interventions in three randomized clinical trials. METHODS: An analysis of pooled individual-level data from three randomized clinical trials is presented. Participants were 899 perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with at least 14 bothersome vasomotor symptoms per week.

Author(s): 
Guthrie, Katherine A.
LaCroix, Andrea Z.
Ensrud, Kristine E.
Joffe, Hadine
Newton, Katherine M.
Reed, Susan D.
Caan, Bette
Carpenter, Janet S.
Cohen, Lee S.
Freeman, Ellen W.
Larson, Joseph C.
Manson, JoAnn E.
Rexrode, Kathy
Skaar, Todd C.
Sternfeld, Barbara
Anderson, Garnet L.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the Neurological Sciences

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive disease which is caused by degeneration of motor neurons in the central nervous system. The incidence of ALS is higher in men than women, but the female advantage disappears with increased age. Here, we report evidence that the female advantage is due to the protective role of estrogen. In an ALS mouse model carrying the human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (hSOD1) G93A transgene, ovariectomy did not alter the onset age of the disease while reducing the female lifespan by 7 days and making it comparable to that of the male transgenic mice.

Author(s): 
Choi, Chan-Il
Lee, Young-Don
Gwag, Byoung Joo
Cho, Sung Ig
Kim, Sung-Soo
Suh-Kim, Haeyoung
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Medicine

Recent studies have implicated elevated levels of serum estradiol in males as the major predisposing factor for myocardial infarction, with serum cholesterol playing a secondary role. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a high-complex-carbohydrate, low-fat, low-cholesterol diet and daily exercise on levels of serum estradiol, testosterone, and lipids in males. Twenty-one males participating in the Pritikin Longevity Center 26-day residential program volunteered for the study.

Author(s): 
Rosenthal, M. B.
Barnard, R. J.
Rose, D. P.
Inkeles, S.
Hall, J.
Pritikin, N.
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry

Estrogen receptors (ER alpha/ER beta) are expressed in neuronal cells and exhibit a variety of activities in the central nervous system. ER activity is regulated in a ligand-dependent manner and by co-regulatory factors. Caveolin-1 is a recently identified co-activator of ER alpha mediating the ligand-independent activation of this steroid receptor. Here the influence of ERs on caveolin expression in human neuroblastoma SK-N-MC cells as well as in rodent brain was investigated.

Author(s): 
Zschocke, J¸rgen
Manthey, Dieter
Bayatti, Nadhim
van der Burg, Bart
Goodenough, Sharon
Behl, Christian
Publication Title: 
Molecular Psychiatry

Postpartum depression (PPD) affects ?10-18% of women in the general population and results in serious consequences to both the mother and offspring. We hypothesized that predisposition to PPD risk is due to an altered sensitivity to estrogen-mediated epigenetic changes that act in a cell autonomous manner detectable in the blood. We investigated estrogen-mediated epigenetic reprogramming events in the hippocampus and risk to PPD using a cross-species translational design.

Author(s): 
Guintivano, J.
Arad, M.
Gould, T. D.
Payne, J. L.
Kaminsky, Z. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Psychiatric Research

When compared to women, men have a higher incidence of schizophrenia, with increases in negative and cognitive symptoms, and an overall poorer disease course. Schizophrenia is conceptualized as a disorder of aberrant gene transcription and regulation. Thus, epigenetics, the study of environmentally induced changes in gene regulation, could advance our understanding of the molecular underpinnings of schizophrenia. Peripheral histone methyltransferase (HMT) mRNA levels have been previously shown to be significantly increased in patients with schizophrenia and correlate with symptomology.

Author(s): 
Chase, Kayla A.
Rosen, Cherise
Rubin, Leah H.
Feiner, Benjamin
Bodapati, Anjuli S.
Gin, Hannah
Hu, Edward
Sharma, Rajiv P.
Publication Title: 
Psychoneuroendocrinology

To fall in love is the first step in pair formation in humans and is a complex process which only recently has become the object of neuroscientific investigation. The little information available in this field prompted us to measure the levels of some pituitary, adrenal and gonadal hormones in a group of 24 subjects of both sexes who had recently (within the previous six months) fallen in love, and to compare them with those of 24 subjects who were single or were part of a long-lasting relationship.

Author(s): 
Marazziti, Donatella
Canale, Domenico
Publication Title: 
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Author(s): 
Raviprakash, V.
Sabir, M.
Publication Title: 
Behavioural Brain Research

Neuroendocrine changes have been studied in male rabbits during daily repeated inductions of animal hypnosis. All the animals attained the habituation but after different times, showing a different individual sensitivity to the treatment. Once habituation was reached, further treatment did not elicit any recovery. Corticosterone plasma levels gradually increased during treatment, reached a peak at habituation and did not change afterwards.

Author(s): 
Farabollini, F.
di Prisco, C. L.
Carli, G.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics

Following in vivo treatment with carrageenan, sex-related differences in alteration of hepatic drug metabolism were found in the rat. In adult male rats, marked decreases were observed in hepatic 9000 x g supernatant cytochrome P-450 content and in the biotransformation of hexobarbital, aminopyrine, ethylmorphine, and meperidine. Hexobarbital hypnosis was significantly prolonged by carrageenan treatment in intact and testectomized animals as compared to their respective controls.

Author(s): 
Ishikawa, M.
Sasaki, K.
Ozaki, M.
Takayanagi, Y.
Sasaki, K.

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