Ethics, Professional

Publication Title: 
Science of aging knowledge environment: SAGE KE

A recent European Molecular Biology Laboratory Conference on Science and Society entitled "Time & Aging--Mechanisms & Meanings" fascinated scientists from different research areas as well as nonscientists. Topics discussed included not only the biological aging process but also the psychological effects of aging and social influences that affect this process.

Author(s): 
Wollscheid-Lengeling, Evi
Publication Title: 
The journal of pastoral care & counseling: JPCC

Increasing attention has been focused on mental health problems of clergy in light of long work hours, extraordinary demands, and diversity of tasks. In this communication we report findings from the psychiatric evaluation of 70 Episcopal priests. We describe psychiatric diagnoses, but our focus is on two common themes that emerged: difficulties maintaining professional boundaries and problems with mentalizing, i.e., imagining the impact of their behavior and words on others. Recommendations for education and prevention are addressed.

Author(s): 
Crisp-Han, Holly
Gabbard, Glen O.
Martinez, Melissa
Publication Title: 
Professional Psychology, Research and Practice

This article invites reconsideration of the American Psychological Association's policy permitting sexual involvement between therapists and their former patients under certain conditions. The article (a) restates 5 major concerns about sex after termination that have not been adequately addressed; (b) examines 9 major arguments set forth in support of allowing posttermination sexual relationships, all of which appear ill-founded, fallacious, or misleading; and (c) describes 6 obstacles that seem to hinder attempts to create sound legal and professional policies in this area.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Publication Title: 
American Journal of Psychotherapy

The study of sexual boundary violations, through the actual evaluation and treatment of therapists who have engaged in sexual misconduct, reveals that all of us are potentially vulnerable to violations of this nature. A number of lessons can be learned from the detailed examination of these cases. These lessons include the following: (1) There is a difference between the conscious and unconscious intent of the therapist.

Author(s): 
Gabbard, G. O.
Publication Title: 
Organizational Dynamics

Sashkin presents a model of participative management and contends that when value biases are absent and the need for skillful application and management are taken into account, participative management is effective. When properly implemented, participative management fulfills three basic human work needs--the need for autonomy or control over one's behavior, the need for completion or achievement of a whole task, and the need for interpersonal contact in the context of work.

Author(s): 
Sashkin, M.
Publication Title: 
Organizational Dynamics

Sashkin presents a model of participative management and contends that when value biases are absent and the need for skillful application and management are taken into account, participative management is effective. When properly implemented, participative management fulfills three basic human work needs--the need for autonomy or control over one's behavior, the need for completion or achievement of a whole task, and the need for interpersonal contact in the context of work.

Author(s): 
Sashkin, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics

Ethics is no less of a science than any other. It has its roots in conflicts of interest between human beings, and in their conflicting urges to behave either selfishly or altruistically. Resolving such conflicts leads to the specification of rules of conduct, often expressed in terms of rights and duties. In the special case of professional ethics, the paramount rule of conduct is altruism in the service of a 'noble' cause, and this distinguishes true professions from other trades or occupations.

Author(s): 
Sieghart, P.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Medical Ethics
Author(s): 
Downie, R. S.
Publication Title: 
Schweizerische Rundschau Fur Medizin Praxis = Revue Suisse De Medecine Praxis

A historical follow-up using three examples--euthanasia, choice of therapy for tuberculosis of bones and articulations and economic management of a medical office reveals that comprehensive timeless medical ethics independent from cultural and social influences ('hippocratic oath') do not exist. There are, however persistent as well as increasingly new fields of conflict in daily practise. The latter are partly related to increased medical efficiency.

Author(s): 
Trˆhler, U.
Publication Title: 
Transplantation

A severe shortage of organs is perhaps the most important obstacle facing transplantation today. In an attempt to address this serious problem, several transplant centers have suggested a reconsideration of genetically unrelated living kidney donors. Recently, there have been reports of excellent results using such unconventional donors, and cogent arguments have been made that this approach is ethically acceptable, at least when the donor is motivated by altruism.

Author(s): 
Spital, A.

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