Ethnic Groups

Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis

Shocking news of robberies committed using hypnosis on bank cashiers, salespeople, or passers-by has sporadically been reported by the media in countries around the world. The first reported episode in Italy dates to the 1950s. Although the phenomenon has been reported in the papers more frequently in recent years, no objective analysis of it has been published in the scientific literature.

Clerici, Carlo Alfredo
Veneroni, Laura
De'micheli, Angelo
Betsos, Isabella Merzagora
Publication Title: 
Voprosy Pitaniia
Mustafaev, Kh I.
Publication Title: 
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Wang, X. Y.
Publication Title: 
Age and Ageing

The health (self-reported health conditions) and nutritional status (food and nutrient intake, nutritional biochemistry, anthropometry) of 189 elderly Greeks living in Melbourne, Australia were described and compared with 104 elderly Greeks living in a rural town in Greece (Spata) using a validated health and food frequency questionnaire. Spata was chosen because the traditional diet is maintained by the community and may act as a 'surrogate' measure of diets prevalent in Greece prior to the Melbourne sample's migration to Australia in the 1960s.

Kouris-Blazos, A.
Wahlqvist, M. L.
Trichopoulou, A.
Polychronopoulos, E.
Trichopoulos, D.
Publication Title: 
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine: CCLM / FESCC

Apolipoprotein (apo) E is an important circulating and tissue protein involved in cholesterol homeostasis and many other functions. The common polymorphism in the coding region of the gene, four polymorphisms in the promoter region, other additional single nucleotide polymorphisms, as well as several apo E variants have been identified. The common coding polymorphism strongly influences the lipid metabolism and the circulating concentration of apo E itself.

Siest, G.
Bertrand, P.
Herbeth, B.
Vincent-Viry, M.
Schiele, F.
Sass, C.
Visvikis, S.
Publication Title: 
Medical Hypotheses

Secular growth has been occurring in Europe for about 150 years. In the USA, since 1900, each new generation has increased by an average of 1in (2.54cm) in height and about 10lb (4.54kg) in weight. This trend has generally been viewed as favorable and tallness is admired, with the current ideal height for a man in the Western world being 6ft 2in (188cm). The Japanese have increased in height since the end of the Second World War by about 5in (12.7cm) in height and the Chinese have been growing at the rate of 2.54cm/decade since the 1950s.

Samaras, T. T.
Storms, L. H.
Publication Title: 
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Internationale Zeitschrift F¸r Vitamin- Und Ern‰hrungsforschung. Journal International De Vitaminologie Et De Nutrition

Vitamin E and carotenoid pigments are important nutrients for the maintenance of health and protection of tissues against free radical damage. They also play a potential role in disease-risk-prediction and -protection, but little is known about their physiological and sociodemographic correlates and determinants, especially in a West African context. As part of a study of reproductive health in rural Gambian women, blood samples were obtained from 1286 women aged 15 to 54 years, living in the Farafenni area of The Gambia.

Bates, Christopher J.
Matthews, Neal
West, Beryl
Morison, Linda
Walraven, Gijs
Publication Title: 
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition

To identify protective dietary predictors amongst long-lived elderly people (N= 785), the "Food Habits in Later Life "(FHILL) study was undertaken among five cohorts in Japan, Sweden, Greece and Australia. Between 1988 and 1991, baseline data on food intakes were collected. There were 785 participants aged 70 and over that were followed up to seven years.

Darmadi-Blackberry, Irene
Wahlqvist, Mark L.
Kouris-Blazos, Antigone
Steen, Bertil
Lukito, Widjaja
Horie, Yoshimitsu
Horie, Kazuyo
Publication Title: 
The Journal of Psychology

Position in the social hierarchy is a major determinant of health outcomes. We examined the associations between aspects of social hierarchy and depressive symptoms with a specific focus on one potential psychological mechanism: emotion suppression. Suppressing negative emotion has mental health costs, but individuals with low social power and low social status may use these strategies to avoid conflict. Study 1 assessed perceived social power, tendency to suppress negative emotion, and depressive symptoms in a community sample of women.

Langner, Carrie A.
Epel, Elissa S.
Matthews, Karen A.
Moskowitz, Judith T.
Adler, Nancy E.
Publication Title: 
Nature Communications

DNA methylation likely plays a role in the regulation of human stress reactivity. Here we show that in a genome-wide analysis of blood DNA methylation in 85 healthy individuals, a locus in the Kit ligand gene (KITLG; cg27512205) showed the strongest association with cortisol stress reactivity (P=5.8 ◊ 10(-6)). Replication was obtained in two independent samples using either blood (N=45, P=0.001) or buccal cells (N=255, P=0.004). KITLG methylation strongly mediates the relationship between childhood trauma and cortisol stress reactivity in the discovery sample (32% mediation).

Houtepen, Lotte C.
Vinkers, Christiaan H.
Carrillo-Roa, Tania
Hiemstra, Marieke
van Lier, Pol A.
Meeus, Wim
Branje, Susan
Heim, Christine M.
Nemeroff, Charles B.
Mill, Jonathan
Schalkwyk, Leonard C.
Creyghton, Menno P.
Kahn, RenÈ S.
JoÎls, Marian
Binder, Elisabeth B.
Boks, Marco P. M.


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