Evaluation Studies as Topic

Publication Title: 
International journal of STD & AIDS

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread. Yet, little is known about the evidence supporting its use in HIV/AIDS. We conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of complementary therapies for HIV and HIV-related symptoms. Comprehensive literature searches were performed of seven electronic databases. Data were abstracted independently by two reviewers.

Author(s): 
Mills, Edward
Wu, Ping
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

Homeopathy is often advocated as a prophylaxis of migraine and headaches. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the clinical trials, testing the efficacy of homeopathy for these indications. Independent computerized literature searches were carried out in 4 databases. Only randomized, placebo-controlled trials were included. Four such studies were found. Their methodological quality was variable but, on average, satisfactory. One study suggested that homeopathic remedies were effective. The other, methodologically stronger trials did not support this notion.

Author(s): 
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: While a number of reviews of homeopathic clinical trials have been done, all have used methods dependent on allopathic diagnostic classifications foreign to homeopathic practice. In addition, no review has used established and validated quality criteria allowing direct comparison of the allopathic and homeopathic literature. METHODS: In a systematic review, we compared the quality of clinical-trial research in homeopathy to a sample of research on conventional therapies using a validated and system-neutral approach.

Author(s): 
Jonas, W. B.
Anderson, R. L.
Crawford, C. C.
Lyons, J. S.
Publication Title: 
International journal of STD & AIDS

Complementary treatments are often used by HIV-infected individuals. Yet little is known about their effectiveness. The aim of this systematic review was therefore to summarize the published evidence for or against the effectiveness of complementary therapies in HIV-positive people. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to locate all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) of complementary therapies. Data were extracted in a standardized fashion and evaluated critically.

Author(s): 
Ozsoy, M.
Ernst, E.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture is widely used for the treatment of headache, but its effectiveness is controversial. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether acupuncture is: - more effective than no treatment - more effective than 'sham' (placebo) acupuncture - as effective as other interventions used to treat idiopathic (primary) headaches. SEARCH STRATEGY: Electronic searches were performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and the database of the Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine.

Author(s): 
Melchart, D.
Linde, K.
Fischer, P.
Berman, B.
White, A.
Vickers, A.
Allais, G.
Publication Title: 
Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

This paper examines some of the problems specifically associated with conducting research into acupuncture and how this can lead to further problems with subsequent systematic reviews. Studies for the treatment of chronic neck pain have been used as examples of how presented information can be misleading to an acupuncture-naive reader and how researchers must be sensitive to these problems when compiling their inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
White, P.
Lewith, G.
Berman, B.
Birch, S.
Publication Title: 
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of methodology and reporting of randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for obesity worldwide. METHODS: Collecting all the randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for obesity worldwide by systematically searching without language limitation. The quality of methodology and reporting was evaluated by the quality criteria recommended by Cochrane handbook and CONSORT (consolidate standards of reporting trial) and STRICTA (standard for reporting interventions in controlled trials of acupuncture) checklists.

Author(s): 
Liu, Xue-Mei
Zhang, Ming-Ming
Du, Liang
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditures of over 34 billion dollars per year in the US are an apparent testament to a widely held belief that complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies have benefits that outweigh their costs. However, regardless of public opinion, there is often little more than anecdotal evidence on the health and economic implications of CAM therapies. The objectives of this study are to present an overview of economic evaluation and to expand upon a previous review to examine the current scope and quality of CAM economic evaluations.

Author(s): 
Herman, Patricia M.
Craig, Benjamin M.
Caspi, Opher
Publication Title: 
International journal of STD & AIDS

The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread. Yet, little is known about the evidence supporting its use in HIV/AIDS. We conducted a systematic review of randomized clinical trials assessing the effectiveness of complementary therapies for HIV and HIV-related symptoms. Comprehensive literature searches were performed of seven electronic databases. Data were abstracted independently by two reviewers.

Author(s): 
Mills, Edward
Wu, Ping
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Sociology of Health & Illness

Acupuncture and other types of 'complementary and alternative medicine' (CAM) are proving increasingly popular in the UK. As attempts to incorporate acupuncture into allopathic medicine have grown in number, the issue of assessing its effectiveness in ways consistent with the concept of evidence-based medicine has become more urgent. The nature, relevance and applicability of such assessments remain controversial however.

Author(s): 
Jackson, Sue
Scambler, Graham

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