Dietary manipulation may influence outcome after infection and injury by altering production of inflammatory mediators and disease activity. Restricted nutrient intake may have beneficial effects on life-span, development of degenerative disease, autoimmune processes, renal injury, susceptibility to infection, and survival rate after infection. Nutritional therapies that serve to maximize nitrogen balance may adversely affect the host response to injury, especially when given in excess of energy and protein needs.
Recent research has demonstrated a clear link between spirituality and health, but it remains a challenge for many organizations to weave spirituality into organizational life and make it an integral component of clinical care. Three dimensions of spirituality work together in healthcare: spiritual well-being of patients and families, spiritual well-being of workers, and spiritual well-being of the organization. To cultivate these dimensions in the life of healthcare organizations, several strategies may be employed. First, the definition of "spirituality" must be clear.