Evaluation Studies as Topic

Publication Title: 
Psychiatria Polska

In this article we present some of the more important findings from research aimed at the validation and normalisation of the Family Assessment Questionnaire (Dyadic Questionnaire, Family Questionnaire, Self-Estimation Questionnaire), which is the Polish adaptation of Manfred Cierpka's and Gabriele Frevert's "Familienboegen". In the presented study 1511 individuals from 557 families took part.

Author(s): 
Beauvale, Andrzej
de Barbaro, Bogdan
Namys?owska, Irena
Furga?, Mariusz
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

Changes in the health care environment are putting increasing pressure on medical schools to make faculty accountable and to document the quality of the medical education they provide. Faculty's ratings of students' performances and students' ratings of faculty's teaching are important elements in these efforts to document educational quality.

Author(s): 
Albanese, M.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice

Changes in the healthcare environment are putting increasing pressure on medical schools to make faculty accountable and to document the quality of the medical education they provide. Faculty's ratings of students' performances and students' ratings of faculty's teaching are important elements in these efforts to document educational quality.

Author(s): 
Albanese, M. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Economics

In this paper we argue that the usual framework for evaluating health services may need modification in the context of a National Health Scheme (NHS). Some costs and benefits may need to be ignored or discounted, others included at face value, and some transfer payments included in the decision algorithm. In contrast with the standard framework, we argue that economic evaluation in the context of an NHS should focus on 'social transfers' between taxpayers and beneficiaries, and that the nature and scope of these transfers is determined by the level of social generosity.

Author(s): 
Richardson, Jeff
McKie, John
Publication Title: 
Journal of Public Health (Oxford, England)

BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of health workers is a major concern. Policy initiatives emphasize financial incentives, despite mixed evidence of their effectiveness. Qualitative studies suggest that nurses especially may be more driven by altruistic motivations, but quantitative research has overlooked such values. This paper adds to the literature through characterizing the nature and determinants of nurses' altruism, based on a cross-country quantitative study.

Author(s): 
Smith, Richard
Lagarde, Mylene
Blaauw, Duane
Goodman, Catherine
English, Mike
Mullei, Kethi
Pagaiya, Nonglak
Tangcharoensathien, Viroj
Erasmus, Ermin
Hanson, Kara
Publication Title: 
Evaluation and Program Planning

Unemployment insurance is an important social protection policy that buffers unemployed workers against poverty and poor health. Most unemployment insurance studies focus on whether increases in unemployment insurance generosity are predictive of poverty and health outcomes. Less work has used theory-driven approaches to understand and explain how and why unemployment insurance works, for whom, and under what circumstances. Given this, we present a realist synthesis protocol that seeks to unpack how contextual influences trigger relevant mechanisms to generate poverty and health outcomes.

Author(s): 
Molnar, Agnes
O'Campo, Patricia
Ng, Edwin
Mitchell, Christiane
Muntaner, Carles
Renahy, Emilie
St John, Alexander
Shankardass, Ketan
Publication Title: 
Health & Social Work

Little is known about the job-related stress of home-care workers from the point of view of the workers themselves. Thirty-two home-care workers from six community-based, home-care programs sponsored by New York area Catholic Charities agencies were studied. The subjects predominantly were female, white, observant Christians, with a median age of 49 years. Test scores revealed little reported stress; however, interviews revealed significant stress that resulted primarily from interpersonal interactions, affective tasks, and insufficient pay.

Author(s): 
Bartoldus, E.
Gillery, B.
Sturges, P. J.
Publication Title: 
Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges

Complex societal issues affect medical education and thus require new approaches from medical school admission officers. One of these issues--the recognition that the attributes of good doctors include character qualities such as compassion, altruism, respect, and integrity--has resulted in the recent focus on the greater use of qualitative variables, such as those just stated, for selected candidates. In addition, more emphasis is now being placed on teaching and licensure testing of the attributes of the profession during the four-year curriculum.

Author(s): 
Edwards, J. C.
Elam, C. L.
Wagoner, N. E.
Publication Title: 
Bioethics

We describe the informed consent procedures in a research clinic in Santiago, Chile, and a qualitative study that evaluated these procedures. The recruitment process involves information, counseling and screening of volunteers, and three or four visits to the clinic. The study explored the decision-making process of women participating in contraceptive trials through 36 interviews. Women understood the research as experimentation or progress.

Author(s): 
Sanchez, S.
Salazar, G.
Tijero, M.
Diaz, S.
Publication Title: 
Academic Psychiatry: The Journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry

OBJECTIVE: The authors examine associations of personality characteristics, National Board of Medical Examiners subject examination performance, and Objective Structured Clinical Examination performance with clinical evaluations of third-year medical students in a psychiatry clerkship. METHODS: Students completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory, which measures personality domains of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness and associated personality traits.

Author(s): 
Chibnall, John T.
Blaskiewicz, Robert J.

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