Evidence-Based Practice

Publication Title: 
Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses

Increasing interest has focused on complementary management modalities, including tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy, as treatments for osteoarthritis (OA). This review article synthesizes evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that examined one or more of the above as treatments for OA. Medline, Pubmed, and Cinahl databases were searched to identify English-language articles using an RCT design or that conducted a SR of published studies and presented data on symptom or functional outcomes.

Author(s): 
Shengelia, Rouzi
Parker, Samantha J.
Ballin, Mary
George, Teena
Reid, M. Carrington
Publication Title: 
BMC complementary and alternative medicine

BACKGROUND: While some effort has been made to integrate complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) information in conventional biomedical training, it is unclear whether regulated Canadian CAM schools' students are exposed to research activities and continuing education, or whether topics such as evidence-based health care and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) are covered during their training. Since these areas are valued by the biomedical training field, this may help to bridge the attitudinal and communication gaps between these different practices.

Author(s): 
Toupin April, Karine
Gaboury, Isabelle
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care

PURPOSE: To assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine in hospice care in the state of Washington. METHODS: Hospices offering inpatient and outpatient care in Washington State were surveyed by phone interview. RESULTS: Response rate was 100%.

Author(s): 
Kozak, Leila E.
Kayes, Lucy
McCarty, Rachelle
Walkinshaw, Catharine
Congdon, Sean
Kleinberger, Janis
Hartman, Valerie
Standish, Leanna J.
Publication Title: 
Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses

Increasing interest has focused on complementary management modalities, including tai chi, acupuncture, yoga, and massage therapy, as treatments for osteoarthritis (OA). This review article synthesizes evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews (SRs) that examined one or more of the above as treatments for OA. Medline, Pubmed, and Cinahl databases were searched to identify English-language articles using an RCT design or that conducted a SR of published studies and presented data on symptom or functional outcomes.

Author(s): 
Shengelia, Rouzi
Parker, Samantha J.
Ballin, Mary
George, Teena
Reid, M. Carrington
Publication Title: 
Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives

BACKGROUND: Induction of labour is a common obstetric procedure. Some women are likely to turn to complementary and alternative medicine in order to avoid medical intervention. AIM: The aim of this paper is to examine the scientific evidence for the use of complementary and alternative medicine to stimulate labour. METHOD: An initial search for relevant literature published from 2000 was undertaken using a range of databases. Articles were also identified by examining bibliographies.

Author(s): 
Hall, Helen G.
McKenna, Lisa G.
Griffiths, Debra L.
Publication Title: 
Public Understanding of Science (Bristol, England)

This paper analyses a corpus of articles on GM crops and food which appeared in six UK newspapers in the first three months of 2004, the year following the GM Nation? debate (2003). Using the methods of critical discourse analysis we focus on how specific and pervasive representations of the major stakeholders in the national debate on GM--the British public, the British government, the science of GM, and biotechnology companies--served significant rhetorical functions in the controversy.

Author(s): 
Augoustinos, Martha
Crabb, Shona
Shepherd, Richard
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Spinal motion palpation (MP) is a procedure used to detect intersegmental hypomobility/hypermobility. Different means of assessing intersegmental mobility are described, assessing either excursion of the segments (quantity of movement) or end feel (quality of motion when stressed against the paraphysiological space). The objective of this review was to classify and compare studies based on method of MP used, considering that some studies may have used both methods.

Author(s): 
Haneline, Michael T.
Cooperstein, Robert
Young, Morgan
Birkeland, Kristopher
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVES: Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) are important aspects of musculoskeletal medicine, including chiropractic. The purpose of this study was to review the most commonly used treatment procedures in chiropractic for MPS and MTrPs. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care. This article is the outcome of this charge.

Author(s): 
Vernon, Howard
Schneider, Michael
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is one of the most commonly diagnosed nonarticular soft tissue conditions in all fields of musculoskeletal medicine, including chiropractic. The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive review of the literature for the most commonly used treatment procedures in chiropractic for FMS and to provide evidence ratings for these procedures. The emphasis of this literature review was on conservative and nonpharmaceutical therapies.

Author(s): 
Schneider, Michael
Vernon, Howard
Ko, Gordon
Lawson, Gordon
Perera, Jerome
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: Chronic tendon pathology is a soft tissue condition commonly seen in chiropractic practice. Tendonitis, tendinosis, and tendinopathy are terms used to describe this clinical entity. The purpose of this article is to review interventions commonly used by doctors of chiropractic when treating tendinopathy. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care.

Author(s): 
Pfefer, Mark T.
Cooper, Stephan R.
Uhl, Nathan L.

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