Evidence-Based Practice

Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review on manipulative therapy for lower extremity conditions and expand on a previously published literature review. METHODS: The Scientific Commission of the Council on Chiropractic Guidelines and Practice Parameters (CCGPP) was charged with developing literature syntheses, organized by anatomical region, to evaluate and report on the evidence base for chiropractic care. This article is the outcome of this charge.

Author(s): 
Brantingham, James W.
Globe, Gary
Pollard, Henry
Hicks, Marian
Korporaal, Charmaine
Hoskins, Wayne
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

The rationales used in chiropractic are largely in keeping with current evidence-based guidance. When listening to debates for and against the scientific basis of chiropractic, it is important to be aware of the selective use of evidence on both sides and of the limitations of logical positivistic arguments when it comes to health care areas that have a substantial psychosocial component.

Author(s): 
Breen, Alan
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to develop an evidence-focused and work-based model framework for patient safety training, that is, reporting and learning from adverse events in chiropractic care. This article will not debate specific issues of adverse events from spinal manipulation. The main focus is on education for patient safety. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search and synthesized 196 articles on patient safety to provide guidance.

Author(s): 
Zaugg, Beatrice
Wangler, Martin
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

The Immunization Information Resource Web site is provided as a public service by the Chiropractic Health Care Section of the American Public Health Association. The site compiles annotated bibliographies of citations from the scientific literature, as well as other authoritative peer-reviewed information sources on this topic. Our intent was to create a resource of information for health care professionals that is current, accurate, objective, evidence based, and as user-friendly as possible.

Author(s): 
Khorsan, Raheleh
Smith, Monica
Hawk, Cheryl
Haas, Mitchell
Publication Title: 
Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

OBJECTIVES: The principles of evidence-based practice (EBP) are fundamental to medical ethics and seem essential for any form of health care. In 2000, a House of Lords Select Committee recommended that the ethos of EBP should extend to complementary and alternative medicine. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether EBP is incorporated in the codes of ethics of British complementary and alternative medicine organizations.

Author(s): 
Hunt, Katherine
Ernst, Edzard
Publication Title: 
Work (Reading, Mass.)

The literature relevant to the treatment of Whiplash-Associated Disorders (WAD) is extensive and heterogeneous. METHODS: A Participatory Action Research (PAR) approach was used to engage a chiropractic community of practice and stakeholders in a systematic review to address a general question: 'Does chiropractic management of WAD clients have an effect on improving health status?' A systematic review of the empirical studies relevant to WAD interventions was conducted followed by a review of the evidence. RESULTS: The initial search identified 1,155 articles.

Author(s): 
Shaw, Lynn
Descarreaux, Martin
Bryans, Roland
Duranleau, Mireille
Marcoux, Henri
Potter, Brock
Ruegg, Rick
Watkin, Robert
White, Eleanor
Publication Title: 
Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy

In recent years so-called Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) practices have made significant political and professional advances particularly in the United Kingdom (UK): osteopathy and chiropractic were granted statutory self-regulation in the 1990s effectively giving them more professional autonomy and independence than health care professions supplementary to medicine; the practice of acupuncture is widespread within the National Health Service (NHS) for pain control; and homoeopathy is offered to patients by a few General Practitioners alongside conventional treatments.

Author(s): 
Tyreman, Stephen
Publication Title: 
Explore (New York, N.Y.)

PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review of the literature on the chiropractic care of patients with infantile colic. METHODS: The following databases were interrogated: MANTIS [1965-2010]; Pubmed [1966-2010]; Index to Chiropractic Literature [1984-2010]; EMBASE [1974-2010]; AMED [1967-2010]; CINAHL [1964-2010]; Alt-Health Watch [1965-2010], and PsychINFO [1965-2010]. Inclusion criteria were manuscripts addressing the chiropractic care of infantile colic published in the English language. RESULTS: Our systematic review of the literature revealed 26 articles meeting our inclusion criteria.

Author(s): 
Alcantara, Joel
Alcantara, Joey D.
Alcantara, Junjoe
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to describe the questionnaire development process for evaluating elements of an evidence-based practice (EBP) curriculum in a chiropractic program and to report on initial reliability and validity testing for the EBP knowledge examination component of the questionnaire. METHODS: The EBP knowledge test was evaluated with students enrolled in a doctor of chiropractic program in the University of Western States. The initial version was tested with a sample of 374 and a revised version with a sample of 196 students.

Author(s): 
Leo, Michael C.
Peterson, Dave
Haas, Mitchell
Lefebvre, Ron
Bhalerao, Shireesh
Publication Title: 
Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an evidence-based practice (EBP) curriculum incorporated throughout a chiropractic doctoral program on EBP knowledge, attitudes, and self-assessed skills and behaviors in chiropractic students.

Author(s): 
Haas, Mitchell
Leo, Michael
Peterson, David
Lefebvre, Ron
Vavrek, Darcy

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