BACKGROUND: Exchange transfusion (ET) has remained a controversial adjunct therapy for the treatment of severe malaria. In order to assess the relative contribution of ET to parasite clearance in severe malaria, all patients receiving ET as an adjunct treatment to parenteral quinine or to artesunate were compared with patients treated with parenteral treatment with quinine or artesunate but who did not receive ET. ET was executed using a standardized manual isovolumetric exchange protocol. METHODS: All patients in the Rotterdam Malaria Cohort treated for severe P.
Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
BACKGROUND: Exchange transfusion (ET) has biologic plausibility as an adjunct to antimalarial drugs in treating severe malaria and has been used for decades despite limited evidence of its efficacy in improving survival. We examined the efficacy of ET as an adjunct treatment for severe malaria using US surveillance data and reviewed the literature to update recommendations. METHODS: Patients with severe malaria reported to the US national malaria surveillance system during 1985-2010 were matched, and survival outcomes were compared between patients receiving and not receiving ET.