Exercise Movement Techniques

Publication Title: 
Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis

The motor system of the masticatory organ is a complex morphological and functional structure. Its dysfunctions are manifested by various symptoms within the masticatory apparatus and in distant organs. The paper presents a discussion on the physiotherapeutic procedure for the treatment of disorders in the motor system of the masticatory organ.

Author(s): 
Jagucka-Metel, Wioletta
Brzeska, Paulina
Sobolewska, Ewa
Machoy-Mokrzyńska, Anna
Baranowska, Agata
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

BACKGROUND: Owing to the change in paradigm of the histological nature of epicondylitis, therapeutic modalities as exercises such as stretching and eccentric loading and mobilisation are considered for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for effectiveness of exercise therapy and mobilisation techniques for both medial and lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: Searches in PubMed, Embase, Cinahl and Pedro were performed to identify relevant randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the methodological quality.

Author(s): 
Hoogvliet, Peter
Randsdorp, Manon S.
Dingemanse, Rudi
Koes, Bart W.
Huisstede, Bionka M. A.
Publication Title: 
Arquivos De Gastroenterologia

CONTEXT: The treatment of Chagas' disease colopathy is limited to clinical management in the initial of the process, and for patients for whom surgery is not indicated or is not possible, anti-constipation diets are used, along with judicious administration of laxatives and enemas. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate over time the effects of physical-therapy interventions combined with daily ingestion of a laxative fruit drink in the treatment of chagasic megacolon.

Author(s): 
Leão, Egle Pereira
Pena, Carlos José Martins
de Araújo, Silvana Marques
Gomes, Mônica Lúcia
Publication Title: 
The International Journal of Eating Disorders

OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between participating in mind-body activities (yoga/Pilates) and body dissatisfaction and disordered eating (unhealthy and extreme weight control practices and binge eating) in a population-based sample of young adults. METHOD: The sample included 1,030 young men and 1,257 young women (mean age: 25.3 years, SD = 1.7) who participated in Project EAT-III (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults). RESULTS: Among women, disordered eating was prevalent in yoga/Pilates participants and nonparticipants, with no differences between the groups.

Author(s): 
Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne
Eisenberg, Marla E.
Wall, Melanie
Loth, Katie A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies

Falls in the elderly have important clinical and economic costs and interventions that may reduce the risk of such problems are potentially important. Although evidence exists for a range of exercise interventions, few have looked at a Pilates-based intervention in a supervised community-based setting and none have specifically measured gait parameters as an outcome. This observational study investigated gait parameters including inter-stride variability (ISV) and postural sway in a group (n = 9) of elderly (age range, 60-76) subjects attending a weekly Pilates class over eight weeks.

Author(s): 
Newell, D.
Shead, V.
Sloane, L.
Publication Title: 
British Journal of Sports Medicine

BACKGROUND: Owing to the change in paradigm of the histological nature of epicondylitis, therapeutic modalities as exercises such as stretching and eccentric loading and mobilisation are considered for its treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence for effectiveness of exercise therapy and mobilisation techniques for both medial and lateral epicondylitis. METHODS: Searches in PubMed, Embase, Cinahl and Pedro were performed to identify relevant randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the methodological quality.

Author(s): 
Hoogvliet, Peter
Randsdorp, Manon S.
Dingemanse, Rudi
Koes, Bart W.
Huisstede, Bionka M. A.
Publication Title: 
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

The objective was to assess which interventions effectively reduce fear of falling in community-living older people. An extensive search for relevant literature comprised a database search of PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; expert consultation; and manually searching reference lists from potentially relevant papers. Randomized, controlled trials that assessed fear of falling in community-living older people were included.

Author(s): 
Zijlstra, G. A. Rixt
Van Haastregt, Jolanda C. M.
Van Rossum, Erik
van Eijk, Jacques Th M.
Yardley, Lucy
Kempen, Gertrudis I. J. M.
Publication Title: 
Aging & Mental Health

Firstly, to explore whether depressive symptoms and fear of falling have been used as outcome measures in fall prevention trials. Secondly, to determine the effects of fall prevention trials on these variables among the aged. A literature search covering various medical databases was conducted to identify randomised controlled trials regarding the effects of fall prevention programmes on depressive symptoms and fear of falling among the aged.

Author(s): 
Sjösten, N.
Vaapio, S.
Kivelä, S.-L.
Publication Title: 
Preventive Medicine

OBJECTIVE: To examine older people's participation in fall prevention exercise/physical activities. METHODS: Participants comprised 5,681 randomly selected older people (≥ 65 years) who took part in the 2009 New South Wales (Australia) Fall Prevention telephone survey (61% response-rate). The instrument consisted of 11 prompted activities including two separate questions on participation in strength and balance training. Tai chi, dance, team sports, golf, bowls and specific balance training were classified as balance-challenging activities.

Author(s): 
Merom, Dafna
Pye, Victoria
Macniven, Rona
van der Ploeg, Hidde
Milat, Andrew
Sherrington, Catherine
Lord, Stephen
Bauman, Adrian
Publication Title: 
Respiratory Care

BACKGROUND: Meditative movement, such as tai chi, yoga, and qi gong, may benefit people with cystic fibrosis (CF), as a form of gentle exercise incorporating meditation, breathing, and relaxation. Respiratory function is the most common issue in CF. In this systematic review we synthesized the evidence on the effect of meditative movement on respiratory function in patients with CF. METHODS: We searched Chinese and English language databases with terms relating to tai chi/yoga/qi gong, and respiratory function/cough/dyspnea. Articles were screened and selected by 2 researchers.

Author(s): 
Lorenc, Ava B.
Wang, Yuyi
Madge, Susan L.
Hu, Xiaoyang
Mian, Awais M.
Robinson, Nicola

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