Exercise Therapy

Publication Title: 
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology = Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Fur Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie

PURPOSE: Primary open angle glaucoma is a chronic optic neuropathy affecting millions of people worldwide and represents a major public health issue. Environmental factors, behaviors, and diet are intimately related to patient health and may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of glaucoma. This study aims to review the literature, focusing on the last three years, regarding modifiable lifestyle interventions in the management of primary open angle glaucoma.

Author(s): 
Hecht, Idan
Achiron, Asaf
Man, Vitaly
Burgansky-Eliash, Zvia
Publication Title: 
Applied Health Economics and Health Policy

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem, having a substantial effect on peoples' quality of life and placing a significant economic burden on healthcare systems and, more broadly, societies. Many interventions to alleviate LBP are available but their cost effectiveness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify, document and appraise studies reporting on the cost effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological treatment options for LBP.

Author(s): 
Andronis, Lazaros
Kinghorn, Philip
Qiao, Suyin
Whitehurst, David G. T.
Durrell, Susie
McLeod, Hugh
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

This article is the first part of a systematic review of evidence for the effectiveness of cancer rehabilitation interventions within the scope of occupational therapy that address the activity and participation needs of adult cancer survivors. This article focuses on the importance of physical activity and symptom management. Strong evidence supports the use of exercise for cancer-related fatigue and indicates that lymphedema is not exacerbated by exercise.

Author(s): 
Hunter, Elizabeth G.
Gibson, Robert W.
Arbesman, Marian
D'Amico, Mariana
Publication Title: 
The American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the efficacy of occupational therapy-related interventions for adults with rheumatoid arthritis. METHOD: We examined 51 Level I studies (19 physical activity, 32 psychoeducational) published 2000-2014 and identified from five databases. Interventions that focused solely on the upper or lower extremities were not included. RESULTS: Findings related to key outcomes (activities of daily living, ability, pain, fatigue, depression, self-efficacy, disease symptoms) are presented. Strong evidence supports the use of aerobic exercise, resistive exercise, and aquatic therapy.

Author(s): 
Siegel, Patricia
Tencza, Melissa
Apodaca, Beverly
Poole, Janet L.
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: More than three out of four persons with binge eating disorder do not get enough physical exercise. AIM: To collect scientific evidence of the effects and benefits that movement and physical exercise can have on persons with a binge eating disorder.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Vanderlinden, J.
Pieters, G.
De Herdt, A.
Schueremans, A.
Adriaens, A.
Van Der Borght, W.
de Hert, M.
Probst, M.
Publication Title: 
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity.

Author(s): 
Geneen, Louise J.
Moore, R. Andrew
Clarke, Clare
Martin, Denis
Colvin, Lesley A.
Smith, Blair H.
Publication Title: 
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity

Physical activity (PA) is emerging as a safe and effective tool in the prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders. PA subtypes include aerobic, resistance, flexibility, neuromotor (involving balance, agility and co-ordination), mind-body (e.g. tai chi, qi gong and yoga) and mixed type trainings. Evidence from clinical trials suggests that PA subtypes can have positive clinical effects, however the effects on the symptomatology may vary according to the PA subtype.

Author(s): 
Eyre, Harris A.
Baune, Bernhard T.
Publication Title: 
Klinische Monatsblatter Fur Augenheilkunde

Traumatic changes in the iridocorneal angle, e.g. in ball sports, can lead to secondary glaucoma. High intensity resistance exercise or yoga exercises - such as the headstand - can increase IOP, and deterioration in the visual field and acute narrow angle glaucoma attacks have been described in some case reports. Glaucoma therapy of professional athletes with steroids, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and beta-blockers can result in positive doping tests.

Author(s): 
Rüfer, F.
Publication Title: 
Early Intervention in Psychiatry

AIMS: To review intervention variables and outcomes of studies designed to increase physical activity or exercise participation among people experiencing first-episode psychosis. METHODS: A systematic review of electronic databases was conducted from inception to November 2014. RESULTS: Eleven eligible studies describing 12 interventions were included (n?=?351; 14-35 years) incorporating health coaching (n?=?5), exercise prescriptions based on physiological parameters (e.g.

Author(s): 
Rosenbaum, Simon
Lederman, Oscar
Stubbs, Brendon
Vancampfort, Davy
Stanton, Robert
Ward, Philip B.
Publication Title: 
Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie

BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia frequently undergo a disturbance of body experience. This can occur during an acute psychotic phase or during a period of remission. AIM: To investigate the scientific evidence of the effects of introducing body-directed techniques into psychomotor therapy for patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, psycINFO and SPORTDiscus were searched form 1 January, 2000, tot 1 January 2011, for reports of randomised controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and for studies wit a different design.

Author(s): 
Vancampfort, D.
Probst, M.
Knapen, J.
Demunter, H.
Peuskens, J.
de Hert, M.

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